Perhaps one of the most famous and influential composers of all time, Ludwig van Beethoven was a German composer and pianist who was born in 1770 in Bonn, then part of the Holy Roman Empire. He showed a prodigious talent as a young child. His father Johann Van Beethoven, a tenor and music teacher schooled him. In 1792, he moved to Vienna to study with the composer Joseph Haydn and lived in the city until his death in 1827. Beethoven is most famous for his nine symphonies, five concertos for piano, thirty-two piano sonatas and sixteen string quartets. In addition, he also composed chamber music, choral works and songs. Beethoven composed many of his master works whilst profoundly deaf. He suffered from severe tinnitus and by the age of 26 had started to lose his hearing. At the premier of his Ninth Symphony, he turned around to see the audience enthusiastically applaud him, hearing nothing, he is said to have started to weep. Beethoven died on 26 March 1827 at the age of 56. His funeral was attended by an estimated 20,000 people, among them the musician Franz Schubert who was one of the torchbearers. The quality and beauty of his music has endured. His reputation for giving music of so many different genres such strength and emotional depth is arguably unparalleled in the classical tradition. Beethoven built on the musical models of Haydn and Mozart and stretched the boundaries of taste and spirit of his time; he continues to influence and inspire those who followed him.