Located on the southern outskirts of Birmingham close to Worcestershire, Northfield is a residential area with a rich history. Once a Saxon settlement, it's mentioned in the Doomsday Book and is believed to have been a small rural farming community centred around an old church that was built before the Norman Church of St Laurence was constructed. Throughout the 19th century, Northfield made a name for itself thanks to its nail making industry with work taking place in small cottages and workshops next to the church. By the 20th century, most nail making had moved to larger Birmingham factories forcing production to decline and the cottage industry to cease. There were also a number of mills on the banks of the River Rea (which runs into the North Sea) where locally grown produce was milled. Today, the area of Northfield is probably better known for the Austin Rover car factory which was built in 1905, however, the majority of the factory has now been demolished. The Kalamazoo paper factory was also located between Northfield and Northbridge, but this too closed in 1913. Much memorabilia from Northfield's past is available to purchase giving a more detailed history of the area and surrounding buildings.