A Guide to Buying Industrial Ovens

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A Guide to Buying Industrial Ovens

Industrial ovens include ovens for restaurants and those intended for use as kilns, but the information covered here refers to restaurant ovens. Ovens for restaurants include traditional wood, electric, and gas models, all of which can have a range of features and options that can affect the eventual turnout of the food. Most buyers should examine the items they want to cook and decide on a specific type of oven before making a purchase.

One consideration is where the oven can be purchased. Buyers can choose between industrial and restaurant supply stores or online stores that might have more choices, or both new and used options. Choosing features such as electrical turnoffs, computer controls, multiple fuel options, and burners can all affect the oven as well. Taking time to consider necessary features, the food that is meant to be prepared in the oven, and budget can all help with the purchasing process.

Types of Industrial Ovens

There are many types of industrial ovens used in restaurants and not all of them are suitable for every location. Different ovens might require permits, or special safety features, so it is important to look into what is allowed for an area. Convection ovens are one of the most popular for restaurant use because they are multi-purpose and offer even heating, but depending on the style and room inside of the restaurant, other options might be more attractive.

Masonry Ovens

Usually sold as pizza ovens, masonry ovens are made of brick, stone, or concrete. These ovens are usually built into the building but do require the owner to purchase oven parts including burners, thermostats, and controls. Masonry ovens offer cheaper heating because the masonry conducts heat, which makes the oven hotter. These are a popular choice for wood burning ovens but are frequently used for gas ovens as well.

Convection Ovens

Convection ovens or fan assisted ovens use fans located at the back of the oven to move air continuously through the oven. The result is that the oven produces an even temperature on the top, sides, and bottom, which makes it excellent for baking bread, pastry, and other items that require even baking. Importantly, convection ovens cook food quickly, unlike standard ovens.

Pizza Ovens

Pizza ovens are traditionally masonry ovens, but the more modern method of cooking pizza is by using a bottom heat source designed to cook and crisp the bottom of the pizza without burning the top. These ovens can often be stacked and usually hold one to six pizzas per oven, depending on the size. Cheaper versions of pizza ovens are electric or gas ovens, but the more expensive versions offer wood or coal burning to provide a more authentic cooking experience.

Combi Ovens

Combi ovens include any type of oven that is used for multiple purposes. Common and popular examples include ovens with built-in steam cookers, ovens with rotisseries, ovens with warming panels, or even gas stoves with burners on the top. The following chart outlines the main types of ovens used in restaurants with very brief explanations of the function for each one.

Oven Type

Basic Function

Gas Oven

Standard oven that works on gas

Electric Oven

Standard oven that works on electricity

Combi Oven

Oven with additional features; standard includes a steamer for keeping cooked food warm

Rotisserie Oven

Type of combi oven with built-in rotisserie

Convection oven

Fan assisted oven

AGA Oven

Oven for cooking, roasting, heating, and storing food

Masonry Oven

Brick or stone oven

Wood Oven

Oven that burns wood, usually a type of masonry oven

Some other types of ovens do exist but, in general, the ones outlined in the chart are frequently used and commonly available. Importantly, different ovens, such as the AGA oven, use considerably higher amounts of fuel than other ovens, so anyone on a budget should check the expected fuel consumption per year or per hour of use. Also, any wood or coal burning ovens require a chimney that should be constructed according to local fire hazard safety laws, and likely inspected before being put into use.

Gas vs. Electric Industrial Ovens

Both gas and electric ovens have their own pros and cons, and for the most part it is a personal decision. Convenience issues such as whether or not a gas line already runs into the business might be an issue as well. Gas ovens are typically slightly more expensive, harder to care for and clean, but do offer more convenience and heat control. Electric ovens offer even heat because they do not rely on actual flame, which is preferred by some cooks. Buyers should consider looking into both heat sources and choosing one based on budget, preference, and convenience.

Choosing the Number of Decks

Oven decks are quite simply the physical oven, and an oven with multiple decks means multiple ovens. Ovens are divided into decks for many reasons, a simple one being that ovens with multiple decks offer more convenience and easier heating than a larger oven. Most businesses should determine the number of decks needed based on the size of the oven and the number of customers they expect to have. For example, a pizza restaurant that typically serves 200 to 300 pizzas per night might need a pizza oven with two decks if each oven holds four pizzas. On the other hand, a much busier pizza restaurant might need an oven with as many as four or even six decks. Usually, it is a good idea to calculate oven needs based on expected volume of cooking food, how much of that food might be produced at once, and how economical it is to have an extra deck vs. waiting longer to cook more food.

Choosing Between New and Used Ovens

One choice that many buyers face is choosing between a new or used purchase. While typical restaurant supply businesses do not sell used industrial ovens, online stores or restaurants that are out of business do. Used ovens are usually much cheaper than new ones but do have drawbacks as well. For example, they might require cleaning, might be more likely to break down, and might have issues that would not be present in a new oven. Anyone on a budget can usually benefit from finding and purchasing a used oven as it is typically much more inexpensive to have a professional look at and fix an oven than it is to purchase a new oven.

Optional Features to Look Out For

Different ovens offer different features but not all of them are suitable for every business. For example, a multi-oven thermostat control allows multiple decks to each be set to the same temperature with a computer. This is not suitable for any restaurant that might typically turn off one or more ovens in order to save money.

Another common feature is gas or electric capability, meaning that any burners on the oven are gas and the oven itself is electric, or vice versa. In some cases, this term also means that the oven heats using gas, but uses electricity for capabilities such as an electronic thermostat, a digital monitor, or a screen. The screen is a feature that can be used to easily check how warm or hot the oven is at any given time, and often includes a timer that can be set when food is placed in the oven.

Self-cleaning is an option that is mostly only seen on electric ovens, but can be quite useful for many restaurants. Self-cleaning ovens use one of three methods to clean food and grease from the interior of the oven. Catalytic surfaces offer complete cleaning by using oxidation to break down particles over time, steam oven use bursts of steam to clean the oven, and some use extreme heat to remove dirt.

Buying Industrial Ovens on eBay

Both new and used industrial ovens can be purchased on eBay but there are a few considerations for the buyer to take into account. The first is that ovens are often quite heavy and unless shipped via freight or picked up from a local seller, might require expensive delivery options. The second is that there are many types of industrial ovens available on eBay, including gas and electric, as well as parts. Ovens on eBay are available in new and used condition, so it is important to choose between the two before looking for an oven.

You can start your search from the home page of eBay and consider searching for the specific oven that you need. You can search for 'pizza oven', 'steam oven', or 'oven burner' should you want to create a masonry oven. Read the full description on each oven or oven part that you want to buy and then make your purchase. Importantly, you can contact the seller if you have any questions before your purchase.


Industrial ovens include any type of industrial standard restaurant oven and can be purchased in new or used condition from restaurant supply stores and online stores such as eBay. Buyers should decide which type of oven they need based on food they are cooking, availability of fuel, and budget. Other options include different ovens, ranging from pizza to convection, which are suitable for cooking a range of different foods. Anyone who would like a masonry oven might have to purchase only the oven parts such as burners and thermostats, or be able to purchase full sets including bricks for the entire project.

Checking the average fuel consumption and heat capabilities of the oven can also help buyers to make a purchase. Finally, features and options, ranging from digital screens and electric thermostats to self-cleaning functions, can also be considered. After deciding what type of oven is needed, buyers can search for an oven that suits their budget and requirements.

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