ANIME AND MANGA GENRES AND SUBCULTURES PART ONE A - M

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ANIME AND MANGA GENRES AND SUBCULTURES PART ONE A - M


Anime and Manga in the West has adopted many Japanese words and phrases. Some of these words have been misinterpreted, re-interpreted and undergone significant drift in there meaning. In addition a variety of terms relating to Anime and Manga and the associated fandom have arisen either by translation/transliteration from Japanese, or as part of the subculture's shared slang or jargon.


In some cases English and Japanese have contributed in complex ways to the formation of new words in either or both languages. Other subcultures have also adapted Japanese loan words through contact with Anime and Manga media and fans. In addition there are a great many Japanese words and phrases that fans and the curious come across in relation to Anime and Manga.


I have researched quite a bit on this subject and have compiled a list that may help new people and regulars to Anime and Manga, and also put an end to the missinterpretation of genres and subcultures. This is not a definitive list and will at times be added to and rehashed.

A

AMV Anime Music Video:

Video clips from at least one Anime series arranged to fit a musical piece playing in the background. AMV's usually cut out the audio and subtitles from the actual Anime episodes, but in some well done video's sound clips and subtitles may be left in certain parts to enhance the video.

ACTION:

Fast, thrilling action packed shows featuring fighting, blood, death and chase scenes. The fighting aspect of this genre can range from sword fights, fist fights and shoot outs to tank battles, outer space robot wars and more.

ADVENTURE:

Following someones journey's or travels. This genre is usually associated with action as part of the journey is fighting to save another, fighting to save him/herself, fighting to find a certain object, fighting to complete a mission etc.

ANIME:

Animation originating from Japan. Not a Genre and contrary to popular misconceptions, widely varying in style and content.

B

BAKA:

Japanese word for stupid, idiot or fool. Pronounced Bah- Kah

BENTO:

A cold lunch box featured in many Anime and Manga. Basically a wooden or plastic box that has several compartments to hold different foods usually contains sushi and vegetables. Pronounced Ben-Tow.

BISHE (Bishi or Bish):

Fan term for androgynous and/or effeminate males of all ages derived from Bishounen, also applied to similar beautiful somewhat butch females.

BISHOUJO:

Japanese for beautiful girl, it is a very broad genre and can be used to describe any Anime featuring pretty female characters and heroines.

BISHOUNEN:

Japanese for beautiful boy,  it is the opposite of Bishoujo, where the main male characters are drawn to be pretty and elegant which is a style that some Shoujo Anime's use.

BUSHIDO:

The way of the warrior. Bushido is the traditional code of honour that Japanese warriors adhered to, it is set down in strict rules for them to follow.  Similar in ways to the code of Chivalry followed by European Knights. Pronounced Bush-ee-doh.

C

CAT GIRL:

A character with cat ears and a cat tail, but an otherwise human body. These characters often have feline habits, claw like nails and sometimes show fangs. Emotional expressions are also feline in nature, such as exaggerated fur standing on end when startled.

CHIBI:

Japanese word meaning runty or shrimpy, usually intended as an insult. Due to Sailor Moon and mistranslation, in America it is sometimes used to mean super deformed. Also it is sometimes known as small.

CM:

Commercial Message - an advert - usually on television.

COMIKET:

Comics Market. The worlds largest comic convention held biannually in Tokyo Japan for producers and fans of Dojinshi

COMEDY:

The show must be funny. The comedic scenes are usually visual exaggeration: heavy use of exaggeration in the facial features, body proportions an emotions. Can be associated with almost any other genre but not drama.

COOKING:

Like sport and music, revolves around cooking.


COSPLAY:

Dressing up as your favorite Anime or Manga characters.

D

DIGISUBS:

A rarely used term for Fansubs made on digital media such as DVD, MPEG and AVI computer formats.


DOUJINSHI:

A self produced Manga created and released by fans and jobbing Manga-ka. Often these are based on existing series and often they are pornographic.


DOSEIAISHA:

Same sex loving person.

DRAMA:

In depth character development and relationships. It is usually very emotional and some aspects are similar to love/romance, though drama is sadder and the relationships sometimes do not work out.


E

ECCHI:

More visual than plot, as it includes lots of sexual humour and fan service (for males), such as bare breasts, panty shots, lecherous grandparents, transvestites and girls in compromising situations. NOTE: There is no actual porn.

ENJO KOSAI:

Compensated dating. Which may at times border on quasi-legal prostitution. High school girls are paid by older men to take them out for a night on the town, sometimes with sex included.

EYE CATCH:

A scene or illustration used to begin and end a commercial break in a Japanese TV program.

F

FAN FICTION:

A general story written by fans of media such as Anime.

FANTASY:

A genre that uses imaginary, mythological or supernatural forms. There does not need to be monsters or ghosts in a show for it to be classified as fantasy. Humans with supernatural powers or people that live in imaginary worlds can be elements of fantasy. Even if the main characters are not human, they will usually still look like humans.


G

GAKURAN:

Uniform of middle and high school boys in Japan. The Gakuran is derived from Prussian army uniforms.


GANGURO:

Literally Black Face. A fashion trend among Japanese girls. The look consists of bleached hair, a deep tan, both black and white eye liners, false eyelashes, platform shoes and brightly coloured outfits.


GASHAPON:

Capsule toys that are sold in Japan. The capsules - small plastic containers about 2-3 inches in diameter are bought from machines and contain collectable pre-painted toys and figures.


GLOMP:

A hug in the manner of a small child, similar to a bear hug but often including one or both legs and arms.


GOTHLOLI:

Gothic lolita, a fashion trend where girls and women dress in the style of elaborate porcelain dolls.

H

HAREM:

Tree or more girls vying for the attention of a single, indecisive male. Anime of this genre often end with the guy not choosing any of the girls. This can also be the reverse.


HENTAI:

Pornographic anime or erotica. Hentai itself is translated as Perverted. Anything classed as hentai would also be classed as mature.


HISTORICAL:

Set in the past and usually associated with action or martial arts. Historical setting would seem to be the opposite of fantasy ( History being fact and fantasy imagination) but not all historical anime's are entirely accurate, and can have mythical beasts roaming around as well.


HORROR:

Features scary deformed character, monsters and creatures (usually of a supernatural origin) as well os lots of blood, murder and gory scenes. Horror anime's are made as realistic as possible which means no cute girls with large eyes and abnormal hair styles. (Usually).


HUGGLE:

A very affectionate hug used to show joy and/or thanks.


HIKIKOMORI:

Similar to an Otaku but more severe. Someone who secludes them selves in their home, sometimes refusing to leave their home at all in an effort to isolate themselves from society.

I


J

JOSEI:

Japanese for woman, and is probably the rarest form of anime, aimed at young women. A lot of Josei shows fall under the category of Yaoi (gay porn), but Josei can also be about families and mothers.


K

KEMONO:

Beast. A genre of Japanese art and character design that prominently features animal like fictional characters in human like settings and situations.


KEMONOMIMI:

Characters with animal like features such as ears and tails but have a human body. Cat Girl also falls under this concept.


KITSUNE:

A Japanese fox. Common in folklore where they are often depicted as mischievous tricksters who can perform illusions, Kitsune turn up frequently in fantasy Anime and Manga.

KODOMO:

Japanese for child, it is an anime aimed at young children.(Younger than the audience you would expect to get from Shounen and Shoujo anime).


KOGAL:

A subculture of girls and young women, the Kogal look roughly approximates the Sun tanned California Valley Girl.

L

LEMON:

Material with explicit sexual nature. (not to be confused with the slang name for lesbian in English speaking cultures).


LOLICON:

A Japanese term derived from the term Lolita Complex and is used to describe images which feature underage female characters in erotic situations or people who like them.


LOLI GOTH:

Gothloli: Gothic lolita.

LOVE/ROMANCE:

All about love relationships and the ups and downs of the couple (or couple to be) have. Shows of this genre usually have a happy ending.

M

MANGA:

Comic book.

MAGIC:

Evil sorcerers bent on world conquest, fairies from another world seeking the magic gems to save humanity, flying unicorns, enchanted swords, there's magic on the air.

MAHOU SHOUJO:

Japanese for magical girl, it is a sub-genre of Shoujo, but popular enough for a special mention. Literally means Magic Girl where heroines get magic powers to fight against evil. Flashy costumes, wands and spells, are a common element in Mahou Shoujo (and a bit more action).


MAHOU SHOUNEN:

Japanese for magical boy, it's the opposite of Mahou Shoujo and less common, where the main male character gets magical powers.


MARTIAL ARTS:

This genre focuses on Martial Arts, and is usually about hand to hand combat, lots of kicking and special moves and sword fighting.


MATURE:

Aimed at the adult audience, includes a lot of nudity and sex scenes.

MECHA:

From 50 foot robots to form fitting battle suits with high heels, Anime is probably best known for Mecha in the Western world.

MUSIC:

Similar to Sport, focuses on music and the people playing it. From the hard core heavy metal band to the sweetly tinkling melody of a fairy song.


MYSTERY:

Cops private detectives and troubleshooters, which focus on the unraveling secrets and uncovering the truth. Lots of intrigue and conspiracy.


YOU WILL FIND N - Z IN PART 2 OF THIS GUIDE BY FOLLOWING THIS LINK.

ANIME AND MANGA GENRES PART 2 N - Z


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