All About Pearls

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Q. What is a Pearl and what is it known for?
Through the ages the pearl has been known as the gem of purity and love. The lustrous glow of the pearl imparts and aura of mystery and romance.A pearl is a hard, rounded object produced by certain animals, primarily mollusks such as oysters.Pearls are formed inside the shell of certain bivalve mollusks. As a response to an irritating parasite inside its shell, the mollusk will deposit layers of calcium carbonate.
Royalty and the very wealthy have always coveted pure, simple and elegant pearls.

Q. What are the other uses of Pearl and how it is manufactured?
A. Powder from crushed pearls was slipped into many a drink in the belief that it was an  aphrodisiac. When in reality, the pearl placed around the neck, dangled from earlobes or slipped on a finger are much more effective in the realm of Romance.
Pearls are used in jewelry and also crushed and used in cosmetics or paint. It is valued as a gemstone and is cultivated or harvested for jewellery. Pearl is the birthstone of June.

Q. Are  pearls only white or available in colours ?
Pearls are usually white, sometimes with a creamy or pinkish tinge, but may be tinted with yellow, green, blue, brown, purple, or black. Black pearls, frequently referred to as Black Tahitian Pearls, are highly valued because of their rarity


Q. What are the categories of Pearls?
. Pearls fit into two categories: freshwater and saltwater. As their names imply, freshwater pearls are formed in freshwater mussels that live in lakes, rivers, ponds and other bodies of fresh water
The original Japanese cultured pearls, known as Akoya pearls, are produced by a species of small oysters no bigger than 6 to 7 cm in size, hence Japanese pearls larger than 10 mm in diameter are extremely rare and highly prized.

In 1914 pearl farmers began culturing freshwater pearls using the pearl mussels native to Lake Biwa. This lake, the largest and most ancient in Japan, lies near the city of Kyoto. The extensive and successful use of the Biwa Pearl Mussel is reflected in the name Biwa pearls, a phrase nearly synonymous with freshwater pearls in general.

In the 1990s, Japanese pearl producers also invested in producing cultured pearls with freshwater mussels in the region of Shanghai, China, and in Fiji. Freshwater pearls are characterized by the reflection of rainbow colors in the luster

Q. What shapes are available ?
A. Pearls come in eight basic shapes


Q. How  pearls are used in different ornaments ?
A.  Perfectly round pearls are the rarest and most expensive, and are generally used in necklaces, or  strings of pearls. Drop and pear shaped pearls are sometimes referred to as teardrop pearls and are most often seen in earrings, pendants, or as a center pearl in a necklace.
Baroque pearls have a different appeal to them than more standard shapes because they are often highly irregular and make unique and interesting shapes. They are also commonly seen in necklaces.
Ringed pearls are characterized by concentric ridges, or rings, around the body of the pearl.

Q.Is there any test to define natural or cultivated pearl ?
A.One way that jewellers can determine whether a pearl is cultivated or natural is by x-raying the pearl. If the grit in the centre of the pearl is a perfect sphere, then the jeweller knows it is cultivated. This is because when the cultivators insert the grit, (usually a polished piece of mussel shell), it is always perfectly round, so as to produce a more expensive, perfectly round pearl.
If the centre is not perfectly round, the jeweller recognises that it is genuine, and gives it a higher value. Imitation pearls are much easier to identify by jewellers.
Some imitation pearls are simply made of mother-of-pearl, coral or conch, while others are made from glass and are coated with a solution containing fish scales called Essence d'Orient. Although imitation pearls look the part, they do not have the same weight or smoothness as real pearls, and their luster will alsodim greatly.

Q.Which necklaces can you make and their names
A.Varities of Necklaces:
A collar will sit directly against the throat and not hang down the neck at all; they are often made up of multiple strands of pearls.
Pearl chokers nestle just at the base of the neck.
The size called a princess comes down to or just below the collarbone.
A matinee of pearls falls just above the breasts.
An opera will be long enough to reach the breastbone or sternum of the wearer, and longer still.
A pearl rope is any length that falls down farther than an opera.

Thank you for reading. Hope this guide was useful.You will find a wide range of Pearl Necklaces, Earrings and Bracelets at my store.


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