- 1.SERVING SIZE Compare the serving size listed on the label with your own portion and then multiply each nutrient accordingly. For example, if serving of a cereal is 1 cup and you've poured yourself 2 cups, you must double all the nutrients values on the label.(e.g. 2 grams of fat/serving becomes 4 grams of fat)Consumers should be aware that the amount of food contained in what looks like a single-serving package, like a small bag of chips, may be serving more than one serving, and thus may not be an appropriate portion size.
- 2.CALORIES.More than half of Americans are overweight or obese. Hence, consumers are adviced to watch their calorie intake.According to the FOOD and DRUG ADMINISTRATION, 40 calories per serving is low, 100 calories is moderate, and more than 400 calories or more is high.
- 3.NUTRIENTS Eating too much saturated and trans fat, dietary cholesterol, and sodium is linked to heart disease, some cancers, and obesity. These 4 nutrients are typically over-consumed by many Americans and therefore should be limited to as much to 3.Many American adults do not get their daily requirement of fiber, vitamins A and C, calcium and iron. Lacking these nutrients can contribute to diseases such as certain cancers, osteoporois, and anemia. Consumers should make sure their intake of these vitamins and minerals is adequate(the 4 or 5 named).
- 4.FOOTNOTE The Daily Values(DV) that were determined by public health and nutriention experts are listed in the footnote section of the nutrition label.DV or recommended intakes for certain nutrients, are based on a 2000-calorie Diet. Consumers should be aware of the following statement, which precedes the DV information:-"Percent Daly Values are based on a 2000 calorie diet. Your Daily Values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs"
- 5. % DAILY VALUES The Percent DV is shown in the right -hand column of the nutrients label. Keep in mind that the DV is based on the serving amount. If a large portion is consumed, the percent DV needs to be multiplied accordingly. Consumers can use the following guidelines when interpreting the DV percentages:-(A.)5 % DV or less is low.(B.)20% or more is high.
PLEASE NOTE "TRANS FAT" does not have a DV because this type of fat should be avoided as much as possible.