Choosing a juicer can be a very tough decision, considering the amount of products on the market. The information we provide you with here should arm you with enough knowledge to choose a juicer suitable for your individual needs.
Firstly, the juicers on our website are selected on the basis of quality, ease of use and reliability and they are all serviced in the UK. All our juicers eject the pulp (fibres) separately to allow continuous juicing. We do not generally sell 'high-street' juicers, as the ones we have tested have been found to be of poor quality and difficult to clean. The motors and juicing parts tend not to be as refined as with the professional juicers which can lead to poor quality juice with lots of foam and a very wet pulp. These factors can often be enough to turn the user off juicing for good!
There are different types of juicers often referred to as 'centrifugal', 'masticating' 'twin gear' and 'citrus' juicers. We will attempt to explain further the different types of juicers below but firstly, we will cover how juicing works.
What is Juicing?
Juicing is the separation of the juice and the fibre (pulp) from the produce being juiced. The juicing process breaks down the cells of the produce which releases the liquids in to one receptacle and the fibres are discarded in to a separate container.
Why would we want to do this?
Removing the fibre allows us to get at more of those essential nutrients contained in fruits and vegetables which would otherwise take a lot of chewing to eat, juice is also much easier for the body to absorb and digest. As we are now being encouraged to eat 5 different portions of fruit and vegetables per day - juicing is an excellent way to get these nutrients in to our bodies. The juicing process also discards the chemicals found in non-organic food into the pulp.
The heating of food destroys a significant proportion of the vitamins, minerals and enzymes contained in it, it also changes the structure of the molecules - making it more difficult for the body to absorb and in turn less digestible.
The use of natural 'raw' foods in treating cancer and other serious illnesses has proved successful where conventional modern medicine has failed.
THERE ARE GENERALLY THREE CATEGORIES OF JUICES:
GREEN JUICES: Green juices cleanse the body of pollutants and have a rejuvenating effect. Made from a variety of green vegetables, green juices are rich in chlorophyll, which helps to purify the blood, build red blood cells, detoxify and heal the body, and provide the body with fast energy. Green juices can be made with alfalfa sprouts, cabbage, kale, dandelion greens, spinach, and other green vegetables, including wheatgrass. To sweeten and dilute your green juices, try adding fresh carrot and apple juice - do not add citrus juice. Although green juices have great health benefits, they should be consumed in moderation. Try drinking about 8 to 10 ounces a day.
VEGETABLE JUICES: Fresh vegetable juices are restorers and builders. They boost the immune system, remove acid wastes, and balance the metabolism. They also aid in the control of obesity by removing excess body fat. Among the most healthful and delicious of the vegetable juices are beet, cabbage, carrot, celery, cucumber, kale, parsley, turnip, spinach, watercress, and wheatgrass juice. Carrot juice is probably the most popular of the juices and is packed with beta-carotene, the vitamin A precursor that helps fight cancer. Because carrots are the sweetest of the vegetables, their juice is not just delicious on its own, but is great for mixing with other vegetables to increase their appeal. On the other hand, strong-flavoured vegetables - broccoli, celery, onions, parsley, rutabaga, and turnips, for instance - should be used in small amounts only. Garlic is also a great addition to vegetable drinks in small amounts. For the greatest health benefits, use many different vegetables when making your juices. That way, you will provide your body with a variety of important nutrients.
FRUIT JUICES: Fruit juices help to cleanse the body and nourish it with important nutrients, including cancer fighting antioxidants. Although any fruit can be used, certain juices are particularly healthful and delicious. One favourite cleansing juice is watermelon. To make this refreshing drink, place a whole piece of watermelon - with rind intact - in the juicer. Other delicious juices can be made with apples, berries, citrus fruits, kiwi, melons, pears - or just about any fruit that you want to use. You can enjoy fruit juices at any time of the day. About 10 to 12 ounces per day is recommended.
Types of Juicer
We will now explain the different types of juicers and their particular advantages and disadvantages.
Centrifugal (high-speed) Juicers
These type of juicers work by centrifugal force (pretty much like a Tornado), the produced is pushed down on to a grater which is revolving at approximately 10,000 Revolutions Per Minute (RPM). The speed of the grater effectively shreds the produce and the centrifugal force created underneath - sucks the liquid through which is dispensed into a receptacle. The fibres are flung upwards and are discarded into a separate container.
Advantages: These juicers are generally very easy to use and are quick at producing juice. The juice quality is very good. We have tested the majority of centrifugal juicers on the market and have found that the L'Equip XL 215 juicer is the best of the bunch by far. A good entry-level choice of juicer to start with if you are not sure that you will use it on a regular basis.
Disadvantages: Centrifugal juicers introduce oxygen and heat into the juicing process which reduces the shelf-life. Juice produced from these types of juicers should be drank immediately to prevent any further loss in nutritional value, therefore it cannot be stored. This juicing process is not as effective when juicing leafy produce and therefore they are not recommended for juicing wheatgrass and other leafy greens such as spinach. This type of produce can be successfully fed through by screwing it up in to a ball and feeding through between firmer produce but the yield is nowhere near as good as with 'masticating' and 'twin gear' juicers. Also, the pulp will be wetter than that from the other types of extraction process. They can be slightly noisy due to the high-speed motor.
Whole Fruit Centrifugal Juicers
More and more of these juicers are appearing on the market now and while the benefits of not having to chop up the produce before feeding through the machine seems great at first - the downsides can outweigh the good. Firstly, the extra power can result in the machine sounding like a jet engine taking off.
Secondly, once you have done a fair bit of chopping up of produce - you'll be surprised what you find inside. Grubs and decay can be found in even the most okay looking produce - do you really want to contaminate what you are drinking with this? If your requirements still point to a Whole Fruit juicer, consider the L'Equip XL 215 juicer as it utilises far less power than some of the high-street versions or the Kuvings Whole Slow Juicer B6000.
These type of juicers utilise a slow speed extraction process of between 80 RPM and 150 RPM (depending on the juicer) to prevent heat and oxygen affecting the juice. There are different types of 'masticating' juicers with different processes with the most common being the 'single auger' process.
Single Auger Juicers
The produce is pushed on to a large, slow turning screw (the auger) which crushes the fruit and vegetables against a cone shaped sieve (the juicing screen) which separates the juice from the pulp. The auger contains tiny grooves which direct the produce along the juicing screen. Juicers in this category include the manual Z-Star juicer and the motorised Matstone 6 in 1 juicer. Single auger juicers are able to juice wheatgrass and produce an excellent yield, they are also whisper quiet in operation.
Advantages: Excellent quality juice as it has not been affected by frictional heat. This allows certain juices to be stored for up to 48 hours in a refrigerator with minimal loss of nutritional value. They come with extra attachments for making noodles and pasta and also a separate screen for making smoothies, purees, salsas, peanut butter and even truffles. Juice can be made in batches, stored in an airtight container and taken to work or school - you are not tied to only drinking juice when you're at home. Juice can also be frozen with minimal loss of nutrients, so its a good way to utilise all the produce that usually gets thrown away.
Disadvantages: It's a slow process compared to a centrifugal juicer, the obvious difference is in the RPM (100 compared to 10,000). Also, the produce needs to be chopped smaller to fit the feed chute (usually 38mm). Unfortunately, the slow speed is the price you have to pay to get the best quality juice.
Single Cutter Juicer
The Champion juicer, the original and only true 'masticating' juicer has been around for 50 years. It utilises a cutter that has tiny teeth running along it that shreds and chews the produce. It operates at just over 1,000 RPM and is a commercial grade juicer which you will find in bars and restaurants around the country. This is one of our best-selling juicers due to the fact that its extremely well built and therefore should last a life-time.
Advantages: Especially good at chewing through harder produce like carrots and apples. Includes an extra screen for making smoothies, purees, salsas, peanut butter and even truffles. An 'optional' screen for juicing soft fruits can be purchased from us separately and there is also a Grain Mill for milling your own flour and grinding coffee. This is an extremely robust machine. Its commercial capability means that it can be run for longer than other domestic models without giving it a breather. It also has a feed chute of 45mm which is the biggest in the professional range.
Disadvantages: Leafy greens have to be passed through in small amounts with harder produce. When juicing larger volumes of fibrous vegetables and greens, there can be a slight increase in temperature of the juice from friction. Refrigerating produce prior to use does alleviate this. However, providing you are happy to juice any greens with plenty of carrot and apple, this should never happen. The Champion is not suitable for juicing wheatgrass.
Twin Gear (Triturating) Juicers
The most affective juicers out there. They utilise two stainless steel cylindrical gears that sit side by side. The produce is drawn in and effectively pulverised by the gears. This process produces the best quality juice and the highest yield of all the juicers. We always recommend these juicers first if your budget allows. Different models have their own unique selling points but our first recommendations are the Angel juicer and the Green Star juicer range.
Advantages: The best quality juice you are going to get with the longest shelf-life. Although these type of juicers cost significantly more than the others, the savings made due to the gain in yield and nutritional value will pay for itself in the long-term. They come with separate screens for juicing different produce and the build quality is excellent. Excellent at all leafy greens and wheatgrass.
Disadvantages: Depending on the machine, these are the slowest of the juicers.
All juicers struggle with soft fruits like oranges, strawberry, kiwi etc. compared to with harder fruit and vegetables as the pulp is much stickier which sometimes causes blockages, also the yield from these fruits isn't as good, The following juicers have a separate screen included or that can be purchased separately for juicing soft fruits. The Champion Juicer, Green Star juicers, Angel Juicer and the Sana EUJ-707.
These machines are dedicated to juicing oranges, grapefruit, pomegranate and other citrus fruit and therefore produce a better yield than using one of the conventional juicers above. They are motorised version of the old reamer style and can be manually or automatically operated by the user. There are also Citrus Presses like the OrangeX which require the user to pull down on a lever which juices the half orange.