Fishing Flies and Fly fishing for rainbows or trout

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I thought it would be interesting to write something for newcomers or beginners to trout fly fishing to help you  improve your fly fishing knowledge so that you know what products you might need to buy.
  1. The first thing to do is make sure you are suitably dressed for any weather that may occur during your trip. It may be sunny when you leave however wind and rain can often occur when you are outdoors. Be prepared for all weathers it’s really important to be comfortable and dry so that you can enjoy the day.
  2. The second thing I would think of is to bring along some snacks and perhaps a drink of juice or flask of tea. Especially if you are going out for a long trip, again your own comfort is an essential part of the days fishing.
  3. Third thing you’ll need is the correct fishing tackle for the type of water and size of trout you are fishing for. You will need a fly rod, a fly reel loaded with backing and a suitable fly line. For fly lines you might have a floating fly line, a sink tip line, an intermediate line or a sinking line depending on where you want the flies to fish in the water column. You will also need some leader materials either fluorocarbon, nylon or some other type of specialist leader material. Leader material will need to be of a suitable breaking strain and for small trout around 2 or 3lb in weight I use about 5lb or 6lb breaking strain. For larger trout you would upscale, within reason, the breaking strain to the size of the fish. You will need a fly box or two with a good selection of mixed fishing fly types and hook sizes. Perhaps the most regularly used types or categories of trout flies are lure flies, dry flies, wet flies and nymph patterns with sizes 8, 10, 12 & 14 single hooks being the most common. Lure flies are usually presented in the larger sizes, lets say sizes 8 and 10 with wets and nymphs being around 10, 12 or 14. Dry flies, which may be required to float or stay very near the surface, are around 12 and 14 or perhaps even smaller. These are average commonly used sizes to get you started and you can use and catch fish on larger or smaller hooks as well. Dry fly, wet fly and nymphs are usually fished on a floating line however wet and nymphs can be fished on sink tip or any line for that matter. Lures are usually fished a bit deeper on perhaps a sink tip line, intermediate or full sinking line depending on the depth and speed of the water. There are many variations and I have caught fish with them all
  4. By far the best time to catch trout is when they are active and feeding usually seen with ripples or rings on the surface as the trout rise to take hatches of flies or midgies. You may also see trout just under the surface chasing smaller fish or fry with small V like wakes across the top of the water. Sometimes these are very obvious and other times they are quite hard to spot. If they are rising to the surface you may want to choose a wet fly or a dry fly fished on the top or very near the surface, trying to match the hatch. If they are chasing small fish or fry you should choose a small mini lure or lure fly that mimics the smaller fish local to the waters you are fishing. If there’s not much activity the trout may be sulking deep and not feeding unless you can put something across their field of vision. In this instance you may want to fish a bit deeper, with nymph type flies or buzzers and lures.
I hope that helps some of you with your understanding of fly fishing for trout thanks Lawrence(aquatyer)
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