How To Buy a Golf Wedge

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How To Buy a Golf Wedge

Wedges are specialised irons designed with a more lofted face and, compared to others, capable of greater accuracy and sensitivity, particularly around the greens.

They are typically used for golf shots played within 120 yards of the flag. There are four main types - pitching wedge, gap wedge, sand wedge and lob wedge.

Pitching wedges are generally treated as the 10-iron of a matched set and follow the normal loft progression of the numbered irons. Many retail matched iron sets will include the pitching wedge, even when the other three types of wedge are not included. These are usually available to buy separately as a three club sub-set.

Wedges feature the shortest shafts and highest lofts of any golf irons and are often identified by their degree of loft rather than by their name. A lob wedge, for example, might instead be called a 60-degree wedge. Sand wedges (credited to the American golfer Gene Sarazen) were invented to make shots out of sand bunkers easier. The typical sand wedge will have a loft of around 56 degrees.

If you're a beginner, you don't need to worry too much about the full range of wedges - just concentrate on the pitching wedge. Gap and lob wedges tend to be favoured by more experienced players, but sand wedges are a fairly common purchase. However, not even a sand wedge is absolutely essential when you're starting out. For those that are new to the game, it makes more sense to familiarise yourself with the very basic clubs first.

Because wedges focus on precision - trying to hit approach shots as close to the hole as possible - they are often referred to as the scoring clubs.

Approximate distance ranges are summarised below together with a brief description of the various club types.


Men (yards)

Ladies (yards)

Pitching wedge

80 to 120

50 to 180

Gap wedge

70 to 110

45 to 70

Sand wedge

60 to 100

40 to 60

Lob wedge

50 to 80

35 to 50

Pitching Wedge

The pitching wedge is a very versatile club. It is a 'halfway house' between numbered irons and wedges. The loft of a pitching wedge is generally somewhere between 45 and 48 degrees.

Used with a full swing, a golfer can produce high-trajectory shots that carry between 80 and 120 yards (depending on your swing and the design of the club). After initial impact, these shots will hit the surface of the green with little or no roll.

The pitching wedge is commonly used to lay the ball up in front of a hazard or to create a better lie for the next shot. Also, it can be used for recovery from firmer rough or sometimes from sand, when the ball is lying on top of the surface.

Used with a half swing, the pitching wedge produces shorter, 25 to 45 yard approach shots.

With a putting motion, the club can lift the ball over light rough onto the putting surface from within 10 to 25 yards of the pin; this stroke is commonly called a 'bump-and-run'.

Gap Wedge

The gap wedge is a high-loft golf club carried by some golfers to provide more accuracy and variety when playing short shots to the green. With pitching wedges typically lofted from 45 to 48 degrees, the gap wedge is so-called because it closes the gap in loft between the pitching wedge and sand wedge.

A typical gap wedge might have a loft of 50 to 54 degrees so that it slots directly between the pitching wedge and the sand wedge. It therefore offers a consistent loft progression through your golf irons.

Sand Wedge

The modern sand wedge is often the heaviest iron in the golf bag, with most weighing nearly 40 ounces. Traditionally, it had the highest loft at around 56 degrees, although that distinction now goes to the lob wedge, which can have a loft of 60 degrees.

The sand wedge has one of the shortest shafts - typically 33 to 36 inches - although in some sets the sand wedge has a longer shaft than the pitching wedge. As its name suggests, the sand wedge is mostly used to play out of sand traps or bunkers. The features which make it useful for this purpose are also very useful in other soft lies such as thick rough, soggy ground or mud. The club can also be used from firmer grass lies for lobs or chips, generally onto the green.

With a full swing, a skilled golfer can typically hit a sand wedge between 60 and 100 yards. Tour players often use a lob wedge to exit sand traps, which tends to give them improved trajectory and lots of spin.

The sand wedge's main point of difference is a feature called bounce. On most other irons, the sole of the club is perpendicular to the shaft, meaning it is roughly parallel to the ground when the club is at rest. A sand wedge, however, is designed such that the sole of the club is at an angle to the ground, lifting the leading edge of the club off the ground.

Lob wedge

These clubs are designed with the shortest shafts and the highest loft, typically 60 degrees but in some cases nearer 68 - referred to as x-wedges, extreme-lob wedges or ultra-lob wedges. This type of club is most commonly used close to the green and has a range up to 50 yards.

Lob wedges are purpose-built for short, high trajectory shots, particularly those requiring a very high arc, a large amount of backspin or both. Both elements are important for short shots into difficult pin positions.

In terms of design, the lob wedge has a less pronounced flange on the sole, allowing the club to slide under the ball more easily. Before the invention of the lob wedge, golfers would have used a sand wedge or pitching wedge in the same situations, modifying the shot by cutting across the ball, thereby creating a steeper loft.

How to buy golf wedges on eBay.

Now that you've worked out which golf wedges you want, find them quickly on eBay. While you shop, don't forget balls, teesshoes, and appropriate clothing for the course. To start shopping, go to the Sports and Leisure category. Click the Sporting Goods portal and click Golf.


The Categories list on the left side of each page will help you narrow down your listings by item type. You'll find links for Accessories, Apparel, Bags, Balls, Books, Videos, Golf Club Components, Footwear, Golf Carts, Lessons and Experiences, Tee Times and Green Fees, Training Aids, Vintage, and Other Items. As you refine your search you'll be able to narrow down your choice by subcategory.

At any point you can use keyword search (top right hand panel) if you prefer. Once you get to the appropriate section of the website, you then need to decide exactly what and how you want to buy.

* Do you have a particular brand in mind?

* What type of wedge do you want to buy - pitching/gap/sand/lob/extreme-lob/ultra-lob/x-wedge?

* Do you want to specify the degree of loft (from 52 to 60 degrees) in the buying process?

* Are you buying new or used?

* Alternatively, do you want to set a price?

* Do you want to buy now?

* Alternatively, do you want to enter a time-limited bidding process?

All these questions take the form of clickable boxes on the website, and it's a simple matter to progress the purchase from this point, particularly if you have prepared the answers in advance.

Buy Now or Auction Format

If you're a newcomer to eBay, you may feel safer with the 'buy-now' format.

When you become more practised, the auction format is potentially more rewarding, particularly if you're buying in larger volumes, for example a complete set of golf clubs rather than just one individual wedge.

Product Presentation

The way products are presented on the website will give you an indication of the seller's professionalism. Uncluttered pictures are the best way of demonstrating product detail and quality. Be aware that this can increase the potential sale price by up to 15%.

Also look for honesty, particularly in the description of used goods. Information should include brand, age, condition, etc. and the disclosure of imperfections will prevent any future misunderstandings. Reasons for the sale can also be quite informative and sometimes reassuring.

Sellers' Trading Record

You will find 'top rated sellers' (ie regular eBay sellers who've established an excellent trading record) indicated against some sale items and they obviously represent the highest possible level of security for buyers.

Payment Information

Make sure you understand the total price of the item, and the payment options.

Check that postage costs are included and search for any possible conditions of return. An online payment system such as PayPal effectively gives two-way protection and means that payment can be made without any hassle.

Buyer protection

In the very unlikely event that you do not receive your item or it is not as described, eBay Buyer Protection your purchase price plus original delivery cost.

Next Steps

If you can't find exactly what you want, try browsing eBay Stores or tell the eBay Community what you're looking for by creating a post on Want It Now, or save a search on My eBay and eBay will email you when a matching item becomes available.

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