Mitsubishi Tappets - Guide to Bleeding & Refilling

Views 3 Likes Comments Comment
Like if this guide is helpful
Spring-Loaded-Suspension & Viamoto
 
Guide to Mitsubishi Lash Adjusters / Tappets
A hydraulic valve lifter, also known as a hydraulic tappet or a hydraulic lash adjuster, is for maintaining zero valve clearance in an engine. The normal method of adjusting valve actuation usually requires a small gap to be left between the valve and its rocker or cam follower to allow for thermal expansion and wear. The hydraulic lifter was designed to operate with zero clearance, leading to quieter running and eliminating the need for adjustment of valve clearance.
The hydraulic lifter consists of a hollow expanding piston situated between the camshaft and valve. In most Mitsubishi engines it is operated by a rocker mechanism. The lifter is filled with engine oil intermittently from an oil gallery via a small drilled hole. When the engine valve is closed, the lifter is free to fill with oil. When the valve is opening and the lifter is being operated by the camshaft, the oil feed is blocked and the lifter acts just as a solid one would, the oil being uncompressable.
The reasons for failure can be quite varied from simply wearing out and jamming to no longer holding pressure, or simply filling with grit/worn metal particles. The ticking is simply them not fully taking up the gap.
 This can be exacerbated by running poor quality oil, on EVO/GTO/FTO and other performance vehicles we recommend a Fully synthetic ester based oil & on lesser performance cars a Semi Synthetic oil .
Finally it is a myth that Tappets/Lash Adjusters can be ‘pumped up’ by oil pressure, there is simply not enough pressure from the oil pump to do this, the ‘pumping up’ is caused by weak Engine Valve springs and causes ‘valve float’ at high rpm and so the tappet does it’s job to take up the slack and expands to the point of keeping the engine valve open when it should be closed!
There are many manufacturers of Hydraulic tappets.
Not all are of good quality or finish and some have poor internal spring rate.
We have spent years searching for a top quality supplier for our lash adjusters and wanted, at the same time, to be able to buy in such quantities that we could supply lifters at a good deal less than OE dealer prices. This is why we buy/stock lash adjusters by the thousands.
All our Mitsubishi fitments come with a 3mm diameter oil hole for better circulation in the heads and are fitted with heavy duty internal springs for a long working life. We Check each one with a 3mm drill bit.
The older style OEM ones had a 1mm hole they were very prone to blocking up and seizing giving the dreaded tick tick tappet knock.
All our tappets are 100% Factory inspected for hole size, finish & operation.
The best bit is all our Tappets come with a full 12 month Warranty.
This proves how much we rate our lifters over our competitors offerings.
Without wanting to give our customers grief they all seem to think that tappets should work from the box but his is NOT the case. New tappets should be checked just like a used one except for the fact they do not need to be bled, ALL new tappets should
 
How to bleed hydraulic lifters correctly
Hydraulic tappets come in many shapes and sizes but all are bled in a similar manner.










By far the easiest and most readily available for bleeding tappets is a simple large paper clip or 1mm allen key. Open half of the paper clip so you have a straight length or use longer length side of allen key, this you then insert into the top oil hole straight down the middle. Slowly feel your way around and at the same time applying a small amount of pressure downwards, you are trying to locate a tiny ball bearing. You will know when you get it just right as it will suddenly give. Once you have located the ball bearing valve continue to apply light pressure and at the same time hold the tappet upside down and pump the tappet top up and down, this will release the oil.  Once the tappet top is moving up and down freely and oil has stopped coming out, then do exactly the same to the rest of them.
See the FULL Instructions from the Mitsubishi Service Manual Below.
A NOTE OF CAUTION
DON’T apply too much force to the small ball bearing valve as this will result in it coming away from its fixed position or damaging the tiny spring it sits on and once this has happened it will never seal properly and have to be binned. Only a couple of ounces of pressure is needed to release the valve. Due to the ease with which these can be damaged we WILL warranty any affected tappets BUT we will NOT entertain any labour claims for faulty tappets. If you are heavy handed then find someone who isn't.......
Taking out of your old worn tappets, and putting back with the new, should really be done using the special tool made for the job.  It’s not only quicker but saves fingers and hands from getting stabbed  from using screw drivers and the like, that are not meant for the job, and can easily slip.
It’s your pride and joy so do as you wish.
Below shows proper use of removal tool









Below is from the Mitsubishi Service manual regarding cleaning and fitting/refitting if you don't follow it your accepting liability for any problems you may encounter.
If you checking and refilling brand new tappets ONLY the 3rd part C needs to be followed as all your doing is checking they are full and do not compress. ie
New tappets do NOT need to be cleaned but they should be checked as per 7. 8. and 9. below.





































 
Have something to share, create your own guide... Write a guide
Explore more guides