Netherlands Gold 10 Guilders, Gulden, Florins - Dutch

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Netherlands Gold 10 Guilders, Gulden, or Florins
Brief historical notes, descriptions, and photographs of Dutch gold 10 Guilder coins of King Willem III and Queen Wilhelmina.


Obverse & Reverse of 1875 Netherlands Gold 10 Guilder of Willem III

Dutch Gold Coins

Brief Dutch History
Holland borders the North Sea, Germany and Belgium. It was part of the Empire of Charlemagne in the 8th and 9th centuries, after which it came under the control of Burgundy, the Austrian Hapsburg Empire, Spain, France and Germany. The United Netherlands Republic was formed in 1581, and as such the Netherlands became a great sea-power in the 17th century. This was ended in 1795 when Napoleonic France formed the Batavian Republic. In 1813, the french were expelled, and a United Netherlands re-emerged until Belgium withdrew in 1830. Holland was occupied by Germany from 1940 to 1945.
At various times in its history The Netherlands consisted of a number of states or provinces with varying degrees of independence,

Dutch Gold Coins
Because of its long history, The Netherlands has issued a large variety of different gold coins, of different weight and sizes. Some coins have more than one different name. For example guilders are called gulden or florins, which can cause confusion, indeed even the country has more than one name, being Holland or The Netherlands to English speakers but Der Nederlanden to the Dutch. Amongst the variety of Dutch coin names are ducats, florins, florins d'or, duits, stuivers, cavaliers, gulden or guilders, and ducatons. Most of these have been issued in multiple and fractional versions.

Gold 10 Guilders, Gulden or Florins

King Willem III
 
1975 Netherlands 10 Guilders - A Single Date Type Coin
Most coin designs are continued for a number of years, but some designs are only issued for one single year. This can be for a variety of reasons, but it almost always results in higher than normal demand from collectors. Some collectors collect coins by type, others by date, both sorts of collector will wish to add a single-date design to their collections, thus incresing the normal demand for the coin. The gold 10 guilders of 1875 is one such single-year issue. It was the first year that 10 guilders were issued for Willem III, from 1876 to 1889 inclusive a different design was used.

Description
Obverse
The obverse of the 1875 issue shows a large portrait of King Willem III facing right. Above is the inscription (legend) GOD ZIJ MET ONS. Below is KONING WILLEM DE DERDE. The two parts of this legend are separated by two stars.
The most noticeable obverse difference between the 1875 and later issues is the size of these stars. They are quite small in the 1875 issue, and larger on the subsequent issues. Differences between the obverses are far more noticeable.
See photographs above.

Reverse
Both types of reverse show a crowned lion bearing a sword and arrows on a large shield surmounted by a large crown. At either side is the denomination 10 G. The 1875 reverse has the date 1875 at the top, and the legend KONINGRIJK DER NEDERLANDEN, running anticlockwise from 11 o'clock to 1 o'clock. This legend is retrograde, i.e. it is read from the outside of the coin rather than the inside. An axe and a caduceus privy marks appear between the shield and the inscription.
On the later issues, from 1876, the date appears below the shield, and the legend runs clockwise from 8 o'clock to 4 o'clock. The privy marks appear to the right and left of the date between the shield and the border.


Obverse & Reverse of Second Issue 10 Guilder of Willem III

Second Type 1876 to 1889
Although William II reigned from 1849 to 1890, gold 10 guilder coins were only issued between 1875 and 1889. The first type was issued only in 1875, while the second type was issued from 1876 to 1889 inclusive with a slightly different design. We will describe both types.

Description
Obverse
The obverse of the 1875 issue shows a large portrait of King Willem III facing right. Above is the inscription (legend) GOD ZIJ MET ONS. Below is KONING WILLEM DE DERDE. The two parts of this legend are separated by two stars.
The most noticeable obverse difference between the 1875 and later issues is the size of these stars. They are quite small in the 1875 issue, and larger on the subsequent issues. Differences between the obverses are far more noticeable.

Reverse
Both types of reverse show a crowned lion bearing a sword and arrows on a large shield surmounted by a large crown. At either side is the denomination 10 G. The 1875 reverse has the date 1875 at the top, and the legend KONINGRIJK DER NEDERLANDEN, running anticlockwise from 11 o'clock to 1 o'clock. This legend is retrograde, i.e. it is read from the outside of the coin rather than the inside. An axe and a caduceus privy marks appear between the shield and the inscription.
On the later issues, from 1876, the date appears below the shield, and the legend runs clockwise from 8 o'clock to 4 o'clock. The privy marks appear to the right and left of the date between the shield and the border.


Obverse & Reverse of Third Type 10 Guilders of Queen Wilhelmina

Netherlands 10 Guilders of Queen Wilhelmina

Third Type 1911 to 1917
Queen Wilhelmina enjoyed a long reign from 1890 to 1948, and four different designs of gold 10 guilder coins issued in this time. The third type was issued between 1911 and 1917 inclusive, although only the four dates shown were issued.

Description
Obverse
The obverse of the fourth issue shows a long portrait of Queen Wilhelmina facing right, with draped shoulders and a coronet or tiara. Because it reaches to the border, it interrupts the inscription (legend) KONINGEN WILHELMINA GOD ZIJ MET ONS.

Reverse
The reverse design, which identical to that of the fourth issue, show a crowned lion bearing a sword and arrows on a large shield surmounted by a large crown. At either side is the denomination 10 G. The legend reads KONINGRIJK DER NEDERLANDEN, and the date appears below the shield. There is a seahorse to the left of the date, and a caduceus to the right.


Obverse & Reverse of Fourth Type 10 Guilders of Queen Wilhelmina

Fourth Type 1925 to 1933
Queen Wilhelmina enjoyed a long reign from 1890 to 1948, and four different designs of gold 10 guilder coins were issued in this time. The fourth type was issued between 1925 and 1933 inclusive, although only the five dates listed below were issued.

Description
Obverse
The obverse of the fourth issue shows a large portrait of Queen Wilhelmina facing right, but shorter than the previous issue, truncated at the neck, with no tiara. The neck protrudes slightly into the inscription (legend) KONINGEN WILHELMINA GOD ZIJ MET ONS.

Reverse
The reverse design, which identical to that of the previous issue, shows a crowned lion bearing a sword and arrows on a large shield surmounted by a large crown. At either side is the denomination 10 G. The legend reads KONINGRIJK DER NEDERLANDEN, and the date appears below the shield. There is a seahorse to the left of the date, and a caduceus to the right.

About the Author
Lawrence Chard is a director of Chard Coins of Blackpool, England, and has over 42 years experience in numismatic and bullion coins.
Chard have maintained a dealing service for both collectors and investors in bullion and numismatic coins. During the period from 1965 to 1971, we were one of only a small number of dealers who were granted a dealers licence.

Copyright
All our images and text are copyright.
Actually, we also notice that Investors in Time are using our world famous and much copied photograph of a 1974 krugerrand on their website, without our copyright permission.

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