POTTERY MARKS - THE LION & UNICORN

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THE LION AND UNICORN IS ONE OF 3 STYLES COMMON TO ENGLISH STAFFORDSHIRE POTTERY.  THE OTHER 2 ARE THE ROPE "KNOT" AND THE PRINCE OF WALES FEATHERS.  THE LION AND UNICORN IS DERIVED FROM A ROYAL STANDARD AND WAS USED BY BOTH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN POTTERS.  THE ARE AT LEAST TWO REASONS WHY.  MANY BELIEVE THAT THE AMERICANS USED THIS MARK TO PASS THEIR PRODUCT OFF AS LOOKING ENGLISH AND IT IS ALSO POSSIBLE THAT THE "AMERICAN" MAKING THE PRODUCT HAD RECENTLY EMMIGRATED FROM ENGLAND.  MANY OF THE LATE 19TH CENTURY U.S. POTTERIES HAD BOTH ENGLISH IMMIGRANT AND AMERICAN OWNERS.  THAT IS THE HISTORY OF MARK AND THIS IS HOW TO UNDERSTAND IT.

WHEN CONFRONTED WITH THIS  MARK ON POTTERY - LOOK BETWEEN THE LION AND UNICORN.  MOST OF THE TIME THERE WILL BE AN OVAL CARTOUCHE CONTAINING INITIALS.  IF YOU CAN MAKE THEM OUT YOU WILL SAVE TIME IN IDENTIFICATION AND ALSO BE SURE TO MAKER.  THESE WERE A PROLIFIC MARK AND THE WORDS WARRANTED, IRONSTONE, AND NAMES APPEAR, FREQUENTLY IN VERY SIMILAR OUTLINE WHICH CAN MAKE THEM CONFUSING.  A GOOD EXAMPLE OF THIS IS "MELLOR & CO" APPEARING BELOW THE LION AND UNICORN.  IN THE CARTOUCH IS "CCP", WHICH IS CHARLES COOK POTTERY, WHO WAS THE MAKER.  ON THE 2 LESSER USED MARKS A BOOK IS A MUST.  THEY USUALLY ONLY HAVE INITIAL MARKS.

 

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