Reference Timeline of the Bible - abridged to 138 A.D.

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Reference Chronology of the Bible

Note: B.C.=B.C.E. (Before Common Era) and A.D.=C.E. (Common Era)
Basic Dates (first four are very “approximate”)

4000 B.C.E.Adam and Eve [Masoretic text tradition]
1900 B.C.E.Time of Abraham
1450 B.C.E.Exodus from Egypt/Moses & Torah
1000 B.C.E.King David/Solomon-United Monarchy (12 Tribes)
721 B.C.E.Northern Kingdom (10 Tribes) of Israel Destroyed/Assyrian Exile 586 B.C.E.1st. Temple Destroyed/Babylonian Exile of Judah (2 Tribes)
516 B.C.E.Return of Judah from Exile/Temple Rebuilt
165 B.C.E.Maccabeean Revolt and Independence of Judah (Antiochus IV)
100 B.C.E.Flourish of Qumran Community/Teacher of Righteousness
4 /3 B.C.E.Birth of Jesus/Death of Herod the Great/War of Varus
6 C.E.Revolt of Judas the Galilean
30 C.E.Crucifixion of Jesus
64 C.E.Fire in Rome/Persecution of Christians (Nero)
70 C.E.Roman Destruction of Jerusalem (66-73 C.E. 1st Jewish Revolt-Masada)
135 C.E.2nd Jewish Revolt/Bar Kochba (Kosiba)
200 C.E.Mishnah Compiled and Edited
Ancient Empires
Egyptian 3000 B.C.E.
Old Babylonian (Hammurabi) 2000 B.C.E.
Assyrian (Shalmaneser V/Sargon) 700s B.C.E.
Babylonian (Nebuchadnezzar) 600s B.C.E.
Persian (Cyrus) 500s B.C.E.
Greek (Alexander)330 B.C.E. (Hellenization)
Romans in Palestine (Pompey)63 B.C.E.
Roman Emperors
27 B.C.E. to 14 C.E.Augustus (Octavian)
14 to 37 C.E.Tiberius
37 to 41 C.E.Caligula
41 to 54 C.E.Claudius
54 to 68 C.E.Nero
68 to 69 C.E.Galba; Otho; Vitellius
69 to 79 C.E.Vespasian
79 to 81 C.E.Titus
81 to 96 C.E.Domitian
96 to 98 C.E.Nerva
98 to 117 C.E.Trajan
117 to 138 C.E.Hadrian
Herodian Rulers
Herod the Great, King of Jews37 to 4 B.C.E.
Archelaus (son) over Judea 4 B.C.E to 6 C.E.
Philip over east 4 B.C.E. to 34 C.E.
Herod Antipas (son), tetrarch of Galilee and Perea 4 B.C.E. to 39 C.E.
Pontius Pilate, Procurator of Judea 26-36 C.E.
Herod Agrippa I (grandson), King over Judea and Galilee41-44 C.E. (Acts 12)
Herod Agrippa II (son), parts of Palestine53-100 C.E. (Acts 25-26)

Note: Roman Procurators over Judea from 6 to 41 C.E., then over all Palestine from 44-66 C.E.

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