Rules & Regulations of Muay Thai

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Before you will be the real muay thai fighter, you should have some idea about Rule & Regulation of Muay Thai (Thai Boxing). Take you time!

Item 1: THE RING

The ring shall be constructed as follows:
1.1. Size: A square with each side the following dimension: Small size 20-feet (6.10metres); Large size-24-feet (7.30 metres), to be measured within the ropes.
1.2. Floor And Corner: Must be well constructed with no obstructions and with aminimum extension outside the ring of at least 3 feet (91 cm). The minimum floorheight should be 4 feet (1.22 metres) with a maximum of 5 feet (1.48 metres) fromthe building floor. The corner posts should have a diameter of between four (10.00 cm)to five inches (12.70cm) with a height of 58 inches (1.47 metres) from the ring floor.All four posts must be properly cushioned.
1.3. Ring Floor: The floor must be padded by either cushioning, rubber, soft cloth,rubber mat, or similar material with a minimum thickness of 1 inch (2.50 cm) and amaximum of 1.5 inch (3.7 cm). The padding should be completely covered by a canvascloth.
1.4. Ropes: Consisting of four ropes with a minimum diameter of 1.20 inches (3 CMS)and a maximum of 2 inches (5 CMS), stretched and linked to the four corner posts. Thedistance from the ring floor to the lower rope will be 18 inches (46 cm), to the 2nd rope30 inches (76 cm), to the 3rd rope 42 inches (107 cm) and the top rope 54 inches (137cm) respectively. The rope will be covered by a soft or cushioned material . Each ropewill be joined together by two strong cords of 1.20-1.60 inches (3-4 CMS) diameter andare at equal distance from each other.
1.5. Ring Steps: At least three (3) sets are required. The width of each step should beat least 3.50 feet (1.07 metres). One set is located at each corner and a third shall bepositioned centrally for the doctor and other officials.
1.6. Plastic Bin: To be located at the fighter's corner for the disposal of tissues,bandages or any other garbage.

Item 2: RING ACCESSORIES
The following equipment is required at ringside.
1. Break area at both corners.
2. Two drinking water bottles and two spray bottles. No other type of bottle is allowedringside.
3. Two towels.
4. Two bowls of water.
5. Tables and chairs for the officials.
6. Alarm bell.
7. One or two stop clocks.
8. Score sheets.
9. Locking box for keeping the score sheets.
10. One set of round indicators, signs or boards.
11. Two pairs of spare boxing gloves.
12. One spare set each of red and blue boxing shorts.
13. Groin protector with one or two ties.
14. Two cloth squares to facilitate a groin protector change or adjustment.
15. Stretcher.
16. Blunt edged scissors.

Item 3: BOXING GLOVES
3 1 Only gloves certified by World Muay Thai Council are allowed to be used in anymatch.
3.2. Boxing glove requirements:Glove usage should correspond to the following weight divisions:Weight DivisionGlove WeightMini Flyweight – Junior Feather weight 6 ounce (132 grams) Featherweight -Welterweight 8 ounce (227 grams)Junior Middleweight and upwards 10 ounce (284 grams)The weight of the leather shall not be more than half of the total glove weight,including the internal cushioning, which should always be in good condition. The lacesare to be tied at the back of the wrist band.
3.3. To ensure compliance with the regulations, all gloves will be inspected by amember of the match committee prior to the fight.

Item 4: BANDAGES
Only a soft material type is allowed, size 2 inches x 6.5 yards (5 cm x 6 metres). Plasticor plaster types are strictly prohibited. The use of adhesive tape, size 2.50 cm. x 2.50metres is only allowed for covering the back of the wrist and must not be used to coverthe knuckles.

Item 5: DRESS CODEA. BOXER'S ATTIRE
5.1. Only boxing shorts are to be worn, the color of which depending on the corner;red, pink, or maroon or with a red stripe for the red corner; blue, bright blue, black forthe blue corner. The dressing gown will be as specified by the World Muay Thai Council.
5.2. To ensure the boxer's safety, a groin protector must be worn and tied only at theback.
5.3. Long hair and/or beards are prohibited. A short moustache is allowed but the hairmust not extend over the lip.
5.4. The Mongkol should be worn when performing the Wai Kru (paying respect to one'steacher), prior to be match start. Amulets are only to be worn on the arm or waist andcovered by material to avoid injury.
5.5. Single elastic bandages are allowed to be worn on the arm or legs to preventsprains, however insertion of a shin guard, etc, is not allowed.
5.6. No metallized material, decoration or jewelry are allowed to be worn.
5.7. The use of Vaseline, fat or any similar substance by the boxer to gain unfairadvantage is not allowed.
5.8. Boxer may wear elastic ankle bandages to protect his feet.B. Any infringement to the dress code may result in the fighter's disqualification. In the case ofany problem with the boxing gloves themselves, the referee may temporarily halt the match untilthey are corrected.

Item 6: CLASSIFICATION OF WEIGHT DIVISIONS
Mini Flyweight weight not exceeding 105 lbs. Z47.629 kg.)
Junior Flyweight weight not exceeding 108 lbs. (48.990 kg.)
Flyweight weight not exceeding 112 lbs. (50.805 kg.)
Junior Bantamweight weight not exceeding 115 lbs. (52.166 kg.)
Bantam weight weight no exceeding 118 lbs. (53.526 kg.)
Junior Featherweight weight not exceeding 122 lbs. (55.341 kg.)
Feather weight weight not exceeding 126 lbs. (57.155 kg.)
Junior Lightweight weight not exceeding 130 lbs. 58.971 kg.)
Lightweight weight not exceeding 135 lbs. (61.238 kg.)
Junior welterweight weight not exceeding 140 lbs. (63.506 kg.)
Welterweight weight not exceeding 147 lbs. (66.681 kg.)
Junior Middleweight weight not exceeding 154 lbs. (70.764 kg.)
Middleweight weight not exceeding 160 lbs. (72.578 kg.)
Super Light Weight weight not exceeding 182 lbs. (82.54 kg.)
Cruiser weight not exceeding 190 lbs. (86.183kg.)
Heavyweight weight not exceeding 209 lbs. (95 kg.)
Super Heavyweight weight exceeding 209 lbs. (95 kg.)

Weigh-In
1. The boxer shall be weighed without clothes, no later than 3 hours prior to the match.
2. If the fighter is over weight at the time of the weigh-in, he may reweigh again.
3. Prior to the weigh-in, all fighters must be examined and certified fit by a licenseddoctor.

Item 7: WAI KRU AND ROUND DEFINITION
7.1. Prior to the start of the first round, both fighters shall perform the Wai Kru (payingrespect to the teacher), accompanied by the appropriate Thai traditional music,incorporating the Ching (cymbal), Klong khaek (tom-tom) and Pee Java (Thai reedpipe).
7.2. A Muay Thai match shall consist of five rounds, 3 minutes per round with a 2minute break between each round. Any stoppage during the match for any reason, willnot be counted as part of the 3 minute round time.

Item 8: BOXERS
Boxer's Eligibility
8.1. No physical disability and at least 15 years old.
8.2. Minimum weight: l00 pounds (45.36 kg).
8.3. Not classified as a prohibited person, as described in the medical manual of the World Muay Thai Council.

Item 9: SECONDS
Two seconds are allowed to attend the boxer as per the following stipulations:
9.1. During the match, the seconds are not allowed to advise, help or instruct theirboxer. Any violation of the rules by the seconds or the boxer may result in the boxer'sdisqualification.
9.2. The seconds are not allowed to signal to interested parties, the condition of hisboxer.
9.3. During the match, the seconds must stay in the designated area. Prior to the startof each round they will remove all towels, water bottles, etc out of the ring area.
9.4. During the interval, the seconds will ensure that their boxer is properly attired. Incase of any problem they shall inform the referee immediately.
9.5. The seconds shall ensure that the ring floor is kept dry to prevent any slipping.
9.6. The seconds must wear a proper shirt that bears his camp's/gym's logo oremblem.
9.7. The seconds are forbidden to direct bad or insulting language at the boxer or injurehim either during or after the fight.
9.8. In a championship match, 3 seconds are allowed but only 2 are allowed in the ringat any one time during the round break.
9.9. Prior to a championship match, a meeting will be held between the referee, judges,boxer’s managers and the seconds to confirm the rules and procedures of the matchand to confirm the penalties for any improper conduct or violations by an involvedperson.

Item 10: MATCH COMMITTEE
A. Committee Member's Qualification.
1. No physical disability and at least 25 years old.
2. Hold a medical certificate endorsed by the World Muay Thai Council.
3. Hold proper certification as to their work experience, health, age and occupation.
4. Certified by the World Muay Thai Council as properly qualified.

B. Referee's Qualification
1. All referees must be trained and tested by the appropriate committee of the WorldMuay Thai Council and be certified and registered as a referee.
2. Not over 60 years of age unless an extension is approved by the committee.
3. Must resign immediately on the order of the committee or when unable to performhis duties.

C. Number of Judges and RefereesThe match committee will comprise of 3 judges and one referee for the ring with thematch chairman responsible for match supervision.

Item 11: THE REFEREE
A. Duty.The prime duty of the referee is to ensure the safety of the boxers to the maximumdegree.

B. The Referee 's Responsibilities.The referee's uniform will consist of blue trousers and shirt, bearing the logo of theWorld Muay Thai Council and flat canvas shoes. No glasses or jewelry are allowed.The referee shall ensure the following:
1. Fairness in the application of the rules and regulations to all parties.
2. No impoliteness in manner or speech either to the boxers or the audience.
3. Close supervision of the match.
4. Protection of a weaker fighter against serious injury.
5. Inspection of the boxing gloves and anklets.
6. Ensure both boxers shake hands prior to the first and final rounds.
7. For a championship or title defence fight, the referee must inform the boxers andtheir seconds of the rules and regulations governing the fight and this is to be done inthe dressing room, prior to the fight itself.
8. Three verbal orders are recognized :"STOP" when ordering the boxers to stop fighting."BREAK" when ordering the boxers to separate."FIGHT" when ordering the boxers to continue the match.When the boxers are ordered to "BREAK", both must step back one step beforecontinuing to fight.
9. The referee shall use the correct signal to ensure a boxer's understanding of any ruleinfringement.
10. At the match end, he will collect the score sheets from each of the three judges andindicate the winner to the audience, by raising that boxer's hand. The scoresheets willthen be handed to the chairman for verification.
11. For a championship match, the referee will collect the scoresheets from the judgesat the end of each round, inspect and submit them to the chairman in addition toraising the winner's hand after the result announcement.
12. Should it be necessary to stop the match or penalize a boxer, he will immediatelyadvise the reason to the committee chairman after making the announcement.
13. In case of an accident to the referee which prevents him from continuing, the seniorjudge will act on his behalf.
14. The referee is forbidden to give a verbal count or warning that gives either an unfairadvantage or disadvantage to any fighter.
15. He is forbidden to comment or speculate on any match unless receiving priorapproval from the committee chairman.
16. All referees are subjected to a yearly medical inspection and certification by thedoctor of the Council and must be physically fit at the start of any match.

C. Referee's Duties.
1. To stop the match immediately if he considers that one boxer is significantly moreskilled or stronger than the other.
2. To stop the match immediately when a boxer is in difficulties or is injured.
3. To stop the match immediately if he considers that one or both fighters are faking ornot trying their best.
4. To stop the match or warn the boxer for committing a foul or breaking the rules.
5. To immediately disqualify a boxer who defiantly breaks the rules, injures or showsany aggression to the referee.
6. To disqualify both the boxer and his seconds if his seconds deliberately break therules or do not follow his directions.
7. To disqualify any boxer who intentionally or accidentally causes a foul.
8. To stop the match if he considers that a boxer having received a count, is unable toeffectively continue the match.
9. To disallow any advantage to a boxer who intentionally fouls in any way.

D. Rule Infringement WarningsPrior to giving a warning for rule infringement, the referee shall stop the fight, use thecorrect warning signal to ensure thc boxer's understanding and then indicate theoffending boxer to the judges. Any boxer, who is so indicated or warned 3 times ormore, may be disqualified. In the event of a serious rule infringement, the referee'sdecision is final.

E. The Purpose of A WarningThe purpose of warning is to advise or warn any boxer not to break the rules during thefight.

F. Count Procedure For A Boxer Falling Out of The Ring
1. If a boxer falls through the ring ropes, the referee shall order his opponent to standin the other corner and if the boxer remains outside the ropes, the referee shall start tocount. (A count to 10).
2. If a boxer falls out of the ring, the referee shall count to 20 (20 seconds).
2.1. When a fall-out takes place, the referee will start counting, however if the boxerreturns to the ring before the count ends, he will not be penalized.
2.2. If anyone prevents the fallen boxer from returning to the ring, the referee shallwarn such person or stop the fight if he continues his action.
2.3. If both boxers fall out of the ring, the referee shall start counting. If one boxer triesto prevent his opponent from returning to the ring before the count ends, he will bewarned or disqualified.
2.4. If both boxers fall out of the ring, the referee shall start counting, the one thatreturns to the ring before the count ends, will be considered the winner. If neither boxer can, the result will be considered a draw.

Item 12: THE JUDGES
A. Responsibilities
1. The judges are independent and free to score as per the rules and normal practice.
2. Each judge shall sit on a different side and should be separate from the audience.
3. The judges shall remain neutral during the match, except when a rule violation isnoticed, when he should notify the referee exclusively. This should be done during theround interval.
4. At the end of each round, the judges shall complete the score sheet for that round.
5. The judges are not allowed to leave their seat until the match ends and result hasbeen announced.

B. Uniform
The judges shall wear the uniform as specified by the W.M.T.C.

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