Some Knowledge About Silk

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100% Mulberry Silk bedding
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100% Mulberry Silk bedding

Types of silk

There are mainly three varieties of silks

1. Mulberry silk;
2. Eri (or Endi) Silk and
3. Tassar Silk

Among these varieties, Mulberry silk is the finest and is therefore the most valuable.


Bright and Shining color of silk charmeuse fabric
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Bright and Shining color of silk charmeuse fabric

The properties of silk

1. The flat surfaces of the fibrils reflect light at many angles, giving silk a natural sheen.
2. Silk has a smooth, soft texture that is not slippery, unlike many synthetic fibers.
3. Silk is one of the strongest natural fibers, but it loses up to 20% of its strength when wet.
4. It has a good moisture regain of 11%.
5. Silk is a poor conductor of electricity and thus susceptible to static cling.
6. Silk is resistant to most mineral acids, except for sulfuric acid, which dissolves it. It is yellowed by perspiration. Chlorine bleach will also destroy silk fabrics.
silk pajamas set
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silk pajamas set

Uses

Silk's absorbency makes it comfortable to wear in warm weather and while active. Its low conductivity keeps warm air close to the skin during cold weather. It is often used for clothing such as shirts, ties, blouses, formal dresses, high fashion clothes, lining, lingerie, pajamas, robes, dress suits, sun dresses and Eastern folk costumes. Silk's attractive lustre and drape makes it suitable for many furnishing applications. It is used for upholstery, wall coverings, window treatments (if blended with another fiber), rugs, bedding and wall hangings.[
Luxury and Beautiful Silk Bedding
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Luxury and Beautiful Silk Bedding

Momme Weight

Mommes (mm), traditionally used to measure silk fabrics, the weight in pounds of a piece of fabric if it were sized 45 inches by 100 yards. One momme = 4.340 grams per square meter; 8 mommes is approximately 1 ounce per square yard or 35 grams per square meter. The momme is based on the standard width of silk of 45 inches wide (though silk is regularly produced in 55-inch widths, and, uncommonly, in even larger widths). The usual range of momme weight for different weaves of silk are:
1. Habutai—5 to 16 mm
2. Chiffon—6 to 8 mm (can be made in double thickness, i.e. 12 to 16 mm)
3. Crepe de Chine—12 to 16 mm
4. Gauze—3 to 5 mm
5. Raw silk—35 to 40 mm (heavier silks appear more 'wooly')
6. Organza—4 to 6 mm
7. Charmeuse—12 to 40 mm
The higher the weight in mommes, the more durable the weave, and the more suitable it is for heavy-duty use. And, the heavier the silk, the more opaque it becomes. This can vary even between the same kind of silk. For example, lightweight charmeuse is translucent when used in clothing, but 30-momme charmeuse is opaque.
Silk Filled Duvet / Quilt
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Silk Filled Duvet / Quilt

Benifits of Silk

1. It can promote sleeping: the silk sericin contains 18 kinds of amino acid which distributed to the minor elements is known as the “sleep factor” .
It makes the people’s mental state more stable. Using silk quilt can promote sleeping and enhances vitality of the human body, etc.
2. It has very good thermostatic and cold protection properties: it keeps warm in winter and cool in summer, heat retention than leather, cotton even goose down.
3. It has anti-mite, anti-bacteria and anti-allergy properties: silk sericin can not only makes human skin smooth but also prevents the growth of mites and mold, making it the best choice for skin allergies.
4. It has moisture resistance properties: silk contains protein called “pro-side chains of amino acids”, the material can absorb moisture in the air and to be eliminated. To be maintained silk quilts dry and comfortable, particularly curative for rheumatism patients.
5. It has long fiber characteristics: silk is long fiber, so it is very difficult to generate dust and have on human respiratory health role, particularly curative for use in patients with respiratory diseases.
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How to Identify Silk

1. Rub it: By vigorously rubbing the pile with your open palm. You will find that real silk feels warm, artificeial silk stays cool to the touch.
2. Burn it: Look at the ash and smell the smoke. If the material is cellulose (rayon), the ash should be soft and sticky, and the smell should be like burning paper ( most paper is made of cellulose). If the sample is real silk, the burning sample should be black, crispy ash, and the smell should be of burning hair.
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How to Take Care of Silk Items

Silk is a natural protein fiber, in the silk fiber there are 18 amino acids are the same as the human’s skin, this is why when sleeping on it, people can feel very comfortable, cool, satisfied, calm, and can get a good sleep. Now more and more people are trying to use silk bedding, and once they tried on it, they will not come back to the cotton or other fiber bedding. They will have it for life time. The biggest concern for the new consumers to buy and use the silk bedding is the washing, as a professional silk bedding producer, Hangzhou Ailisilk Co., Ltd. has done a lot to make sure the washing of our silk bedding is an easy thing, please follow up the following washing instructions, and then you will find the silk is actually a strong fiber, you can use it for a long time:
1.Shrinkage: We have tried many ways to reduce the shrinkage of our silk fabrics, before cutting we checked the shrinkage. The maximum shrinkage of our products are 3%, in this way, when our consumers water wash the silk bedding, it will not mis-shape. So please just water wash it either by hand or by machines.
2.Color fastness: All of the dyestuff we used are imported from the EU dyestuff suppliers, they provided good quality and environment friendly dyestuff, with careful handling, all of the fibers and fabrics are dyed properly, the color fastness is very good, please do not worry about color comes off. But still suggest to wash the similar color products together.
3.Crinkle issues: Silk is surrounded by the silk sericin, the inside of the silk is silk filament. Silk sericin is the major reason why the silk is very easy to get crinkled. Traditionally people thought there are 24 % silk sericin and 76% silk filament, but actually the experts discovered inside the 76% silk filament there are still 11% silk sericin, which is very difficult to remove. But we did remove the 24% outside silk sericin and 11% inside silk sericin. This is why our silk beddings can still keep a good shining, and less crinkle after washing.
4.Protein fiber: The protein fiber is like our skin, it can not afford hot water and strong alkali. These are the major characters of the silk, and consumers should pay very clear attention to this point. So when water wash the silk bedding, please do not use water with more than 40 degrees, please do not use alkali to wash or to bleach, the alkali can melt the silk, not only hurt their strength. When it is really necessary to wash it with alkali to remove special dirt’s, consumers can still do it, but after applied alkali, please wash it with water for several more times, to make sure there is not remains of alkali stayed on the silk, we suggest to use acid stuff, such as vinegar to wash and balance the alkali.
5.tumble dry: It is O.K. to tumble dry the silk bedding in your machine, but still use low temperature, when it is 80% dry, please take it out and iron it.
6.Ironing: You can iron it with 150 to 200 degrees but please do not stay your hot iron on the silk for more than 5 seconds, always move the iron, so the silk will not be hurt. Please move the iron along the warp direction if you can distinguish which side is the warp. This will increase the shining effect of the silk.
7.About dry clean: We suggest our consumers try to avoid the dry clean, for several reasons: it is expensive and not convenient, it is also not healthy, because the dry clean shop will use chemical to wash the silk, it might hurt the silk and the chemical remains on the silk bedding from their chemical dry cleaning might cause any trouble to the healthy of our consumers.
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