A garden full of fresh beans offers you and your family healthy dining and side dish choices right outside your door. Depending on your environment and the size of your garden space, some beans work better than others. However, there are some tried and true bean seed choices that produce excellent produce with a little bit of tender loving care. Start by considering some of the top bean seeds to plant in your garden.
Humans have been growing bush beans around the world for more than 7,000 years. Also known as French beans, filet beans, haricots, wax beans, and string beans, these bean seeds require ample sunlight to grow to their full potential. If your garden space gets shade, you can still grow bush beans, but the seeds will produce a smaller yield than when they have full sunlight. Use well-drained soil for bush beans and maintain the pH at 6.0 to 6.8. Bush beans are easy to care for, but also require a wide plot of garden space, as they tend to grow out as much as they grow up. Some seeds produce yellow or purple pods, while others produce white pods. They bloom in mid-to-late summer, so begin planting them in late spring, but keep planting more right through July for a constant harvest. When watering bush bean seeds, do so early in the day so the surrounding foliage dries quickly.
Although pole beans are native to North America, people grow them globally, including in the UK. These beans produce a larger yield than bush bean seeds and need a smaller space for growth, as they spread up and not out. Give your pole bean seeds ample sunlight. If they catch a small bit of shade, they will still grow, but not to their full potential. Use well-drained soil with a maintained pH balance of about 6.0 to 6.8. Since these beans grow high, they need a trellis or similar structure to support them. Plant pole bean seeds after the last frost and water them early in the day so the surrounding foliage dries quickly. You will begin seeing the results of your planting in under two weeks.
Also known as fava beans, broad beans grow best in the cooler temperatures that come in September and October. Enrich well-drained soil with compost before planting and make sure to maintain the soil's pH at 6.0 to 6.5. Make sure to use some sort of stake so the plants do not fall over. Plant each row about 15 centimetres apart and expect to see germination in about 10 days. Harvest these beans when the pods take on a plump look.