There are two different, but very similar ways to write crochet instructions. The two methods are commonly termed American Crochet Terminology and UK/International Crochet Terminology.
If we look at the basic stitches in the following order:
Chain Stitch, Slip Stitch, Single Crochet, Half Double Crochet, Double Crochet and Treble Crochet :-
Both terminologies use the same stitch names; Chain Stitch and Slip Stitch remain the same whichever terminology you use, but the differences arise from this point forward because there is no single crochet in UK/International Terminology.
Not having a single crochet in UK/Intenational Terminology, has the effect of pushing the rest of the stitches out of sync.e.g.
The American Single Crochet Stitch becomes the Double Crochet Stitch in UK/International Terminology
The American Double Crochet Stitch becomes the Treble Crochet Stitch in UK/International Terminology
The American Treble Crochet Stitch becomes the Double Treble Crochet Stitch in UK/International Terminology:-
and so it follows on..........
It's almost safe to say that if you find a pattern that has been published in America it will be using American Crochet Terminology and if you find a pattern that has been published in the UK, Australia and the Rest of the World, it will be using UK/International terminology.This is not a hard and fast rule and there is a growing number of online publishers that will offer patterns using both terminologies regardless of where they live.
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