Many DJs start out small, with basic DJ equipment, and practise in their homes before putting on a performance. A DJ needs essential equipment to put on a solid show. DJ equipment is pricey, and the cost adds up over time. Buying used DJ equipment is a good way to minimise the costs, especially when starting out. Over time, equipment often needs to be upgraded or switched out. The basic beginner set up for a DJ consists of two turntables, or two CD players, RCA stereo cables, headphones, a mixer, an amplifier, and speakers. For very amateur DJs, using a home stereo system in lieu of an amplifier and speakers is another option. These are the basic components necessary for beginning DJs. Once this equipment is purchased, other considerations and additions can be considered, like lighting, and other sound equipment. Used DJ equipment is available in various electronic stores as well as online. eBay has a large selection of DJ music equipment and DJ lighting setting to choose from.
Basic DJ Equipment
Get acquainted with the equipment and practise with it before a show. Knowledge of the equipment and sound it creates minimises mistakes. Putting on a good show improves a DJ's reputation and helps to build a DJ's career. Having the right equipment is a good way to start out. There are different types of DJing, and some equipment depends entirely on the type of music the DJ is focusing on. Hip Hop DJs typically purchase battle mixers and direct drive turntables. On the other hand, wedding, corporate, and event DJs often mix music on CD players or computer programmes. A DJ with solid knowledge knows how to play CD players and turntables interchangeably.
When people visualise a DJ in their minds, they typically visualise an individual with headphones, scratching music on a turntable. A turntable is a circular, revolving plate that plays a vinyl record. Moving parts on a turntable include the platter, the tone arm, and the motor. The platter is the part of the turntable that holds the record and spins. Music plays when the needle touches the vinyl while the platter spins. The needle is held by the tone arm. Tone arms come with one of two main types of stylus: the half-inch mount, and the p-mount. The p-mount has four connectors that are plugged into the opening on the tone arm. The half-inch mount looks like it is screwed directly into the tone arm.
The two main types of turntables are 1) belt-driven, and 2) direct drive. On a belt-driven turntable, a belt attached to the motor causes the turntable to spin. One disadvantage of the belt-driven turntable is that belt wears and stretches over time, which eventually leads it to break. The direct drive turntable, on the other hand, has a motor that is directly connected to the platter. No belt is used, making this turntable more reliable.
Some other parts of a turntable include the pitch control, the speed calibration strobe, and the dust cover. Pitch control slows down or speeds up the spin of a record. DJs use this frequently, because it helps them match the beat of a record with other sounds and music. A speed calibration strobe displays the spinning record's speed in rotations per minute; the display makes a visual pattern. DJs use this to keep track of how slow or fast a record is playing. Finally, a turntable dust cover is a good idea because it adds more protection from the elements.
There are two basic types of stereo cables to be aware of. While most home stereo systems and personal music devices use an unbalanced audio cord to transmit signals, buyers should use a balanced mono signal for long distances or for places with lots of potential interference. Unbalanced mono signals are more susceptible to outside interference. The technical difference between unbalanced mono signals and balanced mono signals is that there are two wires for unbalanced, and three for a balanced. In unbalanced mono signals, one of the wires acts as the ground wire, and the other is the audio signal carrier. In balanced mono signals, there are three wires. Two wires carry the audio signal, while the third wire acts as the ground wire.
The most common type of unbalanced plug is the RCA. It is often used to connect the mixer and the turntable. Most mixers have RCA inputs. In situations where the cable need not travel far, having an unbalance cable is not a big deal. Typically, four connections are needed when using RCA cables. Red generally signifies the right channel, while white designates the left.
An XLR is a common type of balanced plug. This is generally used as the audio out from mixers. Microphones also typically use an XLR cable. The XLR is bulkier than other cables.
The mixer is the audio console or hub of the music. It generally has between two and six stereo channels that allow the DJ to connect and mix audio sources. The channels have a phono input for turntables, and line level inputs for sources like CD players. A DJ mixer typically has a crossfader. The crossfader lets the user switch sound between two different turntables, or between two channels.
Knowledge of the mixer's equaliser is important, and allows the DJ to play music that is comfortable for the audience. Extremely high frequencies, caused by tweeters, sometimes damage hearing. Low-bass frequencies, typically supplied by subwoofers, are not as damaging.
The two main types of speaker types to choose from are 1) active and 2) passive. Active speakers have their own electrical power source or build-in amplifier, while passive speakers rely on the power received from an external amplifier. Speakers are set up on the left and right side of the DJ main station, arranged in accordance with wiring. They are typically set up on a stand or a tripod. Users should plug the main audio source into the amplifier, and then make sure that the speakers are plugged into the correct outlets on the amplifier. To find the appropriate base volume for the set-up, users should test out the sound before performing.
The most important consideration when purchasing the amplifier is to make sure to purchase one with power capabilities that match those of the speakers. If an amplifier is too powerful, it stresses or blows out the speakers. On the other hand, if the amplifier is not strong enough, it puts stress and extra wear on the amplifier, and sound quality is jeopardised.
Lots of varieties of headphones are available for purchase. When purchasing DJ headphones, consider the following to ensure that they are the best fit for the performance. Make sure that the headphones are comfortable when worn for long stretches. When it comes to the headphone earpiece, earbuds are not the best option. Instead, opt for headphones with closed backing, to isolate the what is heard by the DJ. The volume range of the headphones is important, too. What may seem plenty loud at home may not be suitable for a loud club.
How to Buy Used DJ Equipment on eBay
DJ equipment is available in electronic stores, and online. eBay has a large selection of DJ equipment available. Make a list of the items you want for your DJ setup. Begin your search by typing "used DJ equipment" into the search box on the eBay homepage. From there, you can make different selections to reduce the search results. If your search returns too many results, try narrowing your search by entering more descriptive words, or by searching for a particular component. Once you have found listings that suit your need, be sure to read the item descriptions carefully. Make sure the item has all the specifications you are looking for.
It is also a good idea to research the seller by reviewing feedback from previous buyers. Feedback includes responses from the previous 12 months and gives a general idea of how well the seller has satisfied customers in the past.
Because some components may be heavy and large, specify your location to find sellers that are located in your area. If the seller and buyer are agreeable a pick-up may be arranged instead of having the items shipped. This reduces the price of postage.
DJ equipment varies considerably, and there is a lot of used, high quality equipment for sale. When starting out as a DJ, buying used equipment is a good way to save on the high costs of new equipment. Slow upgrades over time can be made as the DJ's career expands. There are some important equipment items necessary for almost every DJ. These include the turntable, the mixer, the amplifier, a set of speakers, and some headphones. A DJ turntable allows the user to manipulate songs and incorporate different sounds. CD players are also frequently used by DJs as another music source. The mixer allows the DJ to join and control music from different sources and feeds it to the amplifier. The amplifier then maximises the power and sound quality and sends the signals out to the speakers. Practise with equipment before performing to ensure that the sound produced is similar to the intended sound. Used DJ equipment is available in a variety of places, including brick and mortar stores as well as online. eBay has a large selection of DJ equipment available for a variety of needs and DJ skill levels.