car buying guide and upkeep checks for all persons

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car buying guide checks for all persons

Aim to assist all persons intending to buy a used car/vehicle

Another not for profit guide from pegasus

please use this together with sound advise from a compotent, qualified or experainced person.

data check companies offer security over any purchase we stronglly recomend these.

 

Test Drive the vehicle before purchase.

 Always start the engine from cold. If the engine has already been warmed up you won't get to see if there are any cold-start or cold-running problems.

Once you have completed the road test park the car, let the engine tick over, open the bonnet up and check for the following

Water or oil leaks
Engine rattle or other odd noise
Black or blue smoke coming from the exhaust which will indicate a badly worn engine
Grey smoke coming from the exhaust which will indicate water leaking into the engine
To check the car's identity hasn't been changed check-
The VIN (Vehicle Identification Number - found under bonnet, under the driver's seat, on the chassis or etched onto a window or sunroof) for signs of tampering. All examples of the VIN must match exactly. If you see areas of glass scratched off windows, head lights, tail lights or a sun roof, or if you see stickers concealing altered etching then be suspicious and walk away from the deal.
To make sure the car isn't stolen or a ringer make sure
There's a valid V5 registration document with watermark, number plate, VIN and engine numbers matching those of the car, name and address of the seller, no spelling mistakes or alterations.


Further checks and upkeep info-
car operates using a variety of systems from the air conditioner to the power steering and everything in between. Some systems require little maintenance so a basic visual safety inspection is necessary. Other systems need a routine maintenance schedule where a particular service or replacement is required. A cars safety check is included at all service intervals and is used to detect any malfunction do to out side forces such as road debris and failed system components. In between service intervals safety inspection are also necessary before a long journey to ensure safe passage. Start with the vehicle in park on level ground, in cool condition with the engine off. Next, release the bonnet latch and lift the hood, the hood will only open slightly because all hoods have been designed with a secondary safety latch that must be activated before the hood will open completely. Follow the checklist below:


Checking Fluid Levels - Check the engine oil level (engine off) the engine oil level dip stick is usually indicated by a yellow handle. There are two level indicator marks, upper level and lower level. The distance in between these marks represent a quart, if the oil is in between the marks the level is ok. If the oil level is below the lower level mark or not on the dip stick at all engine oil must be added until between the inductor lines. Other Additional fluid level inspections can include: transmission fluid, either standard or automatic transmission fluid, power steering fluid, brake fluid, front and rear differential fluids on some models. All fluids must be maintained to a proper level, while some are easily checked others will require a lift. A standard list of fluid level checks would be: engine oil, engine coolant, windshield washer fluid, transmission fluid, brake system, power steering system (if equipped) and differentials.

Test Driving A Used Car is Essential
When you do, make sure you're insured to drive the car you're about to test drive! Always start the engine from cold. If the engine has already been warmed up you won't get to see if there are any cold-start or cold-running problems. The printable checklist has a test drive section of things to look out for when test drive a used car.
Once you have completed the road test park the car, let the engine tick over, open the bonnet up and check for the following

Water or oil leaks
Engine rattle or other odd noise
Black or blue smoke coming from the exhaust which will indicate a badly worn engine
Grey smoke coming from the exhaust which will indicate water leaking into the engine
To check the car's identity hasn't been changed check-
The VIN (Vehicle Identification Number - found under bonnet, under the driver's seat, on the chassis or etched onto a window or sunroof) for signs of tampering. All examples of the VIN must match exactly. If you see areas of glass scratched off windows, head lights, tail lights or a sun roof, or if you see stickers concealing altered etching then be suspicious and walk away from the deal.
To make sure the car isn't stolen or a ringer make sure
There's a valid V5 registration document with watermark, number plate, VIN and engine numbers matching those of the car, name and address of the seller, no spelling mistakes or alterations.


Further checks and upkeep info-
car operates using a variety of systems from the air conditioner to the power steering and everything in between. Some systems require little maintenance so a basic visual safety inspection is necessary. Other systems need a routine maintenance schedule where a particular service or replacement is required. A car safety check is included at all service intervals and is used to detect any malfunction do to out side forces such as road debris and failed system components. In between service intervals safety inspection are also necessary before a long journey to ensure safe passage. Start with the vehicle in park on level ground, in cool condition with the engine off. Next, release the hood latch and lift the hood, the hood will only open slightly because all hoods have been designed with a secondary safety latch that must be activated before the hood will open completely. Follow the checklist below:
Checking Fluid Levels - Check the engine oil level (engine off) the engine oil level dip stick is usually indicated by a yellow handle. There are two level indicator marks, upper level and lower level. The distance in between these marks represent a quart, if the oil is in between the marks the level is ok. If the oil level is below the lower level mark or not on the dip stick at all engine oil must be added until between the inductor lines. Other Additional fluid level inspections can include: transmission fluid, either standard or automatic transmission fluid, power steering fluid, brake fluid, front and rear differential fluids on some models. All fluids must be maintained to a proper level, while some are easily checked others will require a lift. A standard list of fluid level checks would be: engine oil, engine coolant, windshield washer fluid, transmission fluid, brake system, power steering system (if equipped) and differentials.

thanks for reading - hope this is usefull

this data is supplied without prejudice or liability

regards and happy motoring

pegasus

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