Kitchen appliances that deliver more
Committed to exceptional performance, CDA provide a wide range of kitchen appliances. Specialists in cooking, CDA's Ovens
, Range Cookers
give perfect results time after time.
Basic installation requirements for each type of extractor are detailed below: -
The standard cooker hood is the most basic type and can be installed as a free-standing unit, or mounted underneath a bridging unit. All CDA standard extractors can be used as extraction or re-circulation devices.
These products are designed to replace a bridging unit as part of a continuous run of units. Generally, the fixings for these extractors allow for some manual alignment both vertically and horizontal to line up exactly with the run of units. When fixing the fascia, care should be taken not to damage the runner mechanism.
Canopy extractors are designed to fit into decorative chimney canopies. When installing these units, allowance should be made on the hinge side of the extractor and space provided for the filter cover to swing down.
Decorative chimney and designer
extractors mount in a space between units. Normally, there should be a gap between the edges of the extractor and any adjacent cabinets (50mm is typical). When installing these products, do not silicone to the wall and do not tile the products in; in the event of service being required, the product may need to be removed from the wall.
Without exception, all CDA extractors are designed to be connected to a fused spur and protected by a 3A fuse; the use of a 13A fuse can lead to damage in the event of a fault with the product. Note that most CDA extractors are class II protection against electric shock and do not require an earth.
The isolation switch for any extractor should be accessible after installation. The mains connection should not be made behind any fitted chimney sections unless a separate isolation switch is provided.
Extraction Rates & Venting
Any extractor should be capable of extracting between 6 and 12 times the volume of the room, which can be calculated as Room width x Room length x Ceiling height in metres and then dividing the extraction rate of the product by the volume http:// calculated.
The maximum practical length of ducting is 6m and booster fans may be needed where the effective length is greater than this. When calculating the effective length, assume any 90o bend is equivalent to 1.2m of straight ducting.
CDA supplies a range of ducting kits
in 125 and 150mm sizes. The greater the ducting size, the more efficient the extractor will run, with lower noise.
Alternatively you can also use CDA Charcoal filters
to take the kitchen smells away, Generally you will have to change the filters every 9-12 months.
Installation Heights When Fitted Above Hobs
When fitting extractors, the main consideration is the clearance height between the extractor and any hob fitted below. There is no minimum legal requirement when installing extractors above electric hobs, but the instructions for use supplied with both hob and extractor dictate the recommended minimum height.
However, when fitting extractors above gas hobs the minimum height stated in the instructions booklets for both the hob and extractor needs to be met. Unless specific exclusions are specified in the extractor instructions then the higher of the heights given in the two instruction booklets must be used. In the case of gas appliances, failure to observe the correct installation requirements may lead to the installation being reported to RIDDOR and may delay any installation sign-off.
The width of any hob must not be greater than the width of the extractor installed above it. (Cylindrical & lantern style extractors are the only exceptions)
Fixing the Unit to the Wall or Ceiling:
Some products are supplied with generic wall plugs and fixing screws. These may not be suitable for use with the wall or ceiling you wish to fix the product to. Always ensure that you use appropriate fixings. CDA cannot be held responsible for issues arising from incorrect fitting to support surfaces.
The installation of all hobs is usually straightforward, requiring no more than the unit being fitted into a worktop space. In all cases, the cut-out aperture is specified in the user instructions. We do not recommend that apertures are cut into worktops on the basis of brochure specifications and that the installer checks the product before making the cut-out in the worktop; this can prevent potentially costly mistakes.
The following image shows the typical installation requirements, applicable to most hobs: -
Note that the cut-out sizes for each hob are shown in the instruction booklet and, in most cases, the CDA brochure or web site.
The distances vary between each product but the general requirements are as follows: -
The distance between the hob and the back wall, when installed, must be 50mm or greater.
The distance between the hob and adjacent vertical surface must exceed 150mm.
The height between the hob and any extractor above it should be as detailed below.
The instructions provided with the hob will dictate the minimum height of any extractor to be fitted above it. The same information is provided with the extractor and unless specific exclusions are specified in the extractor instructions then the higher of the heights specified in the two instruction booklets must be used. In the case of gas appliances, failure to observe the correct installation requirements may lead to the installation being reported to RIDDOR and may delay any installation sign-off.
Since January 2008, it has been a legal requirement that gas hobs fitted in multi-occupancy dwellings or flats be fitted with Flame Supervision Devices. (Now applies to all properties)
Securing the Hob to the Worktop:
With most hobs a number of fixing clips are supplied to hold the hob on the worktop (some induction units are not provided with fixing clips). The fixing screws should be tightened evenly and preferably by hand; if power tools are to be used for this, ensure that they are set to a low torque setting.
Hobs should never be sealed to the worktop using silicone sealant. This can make it difficult to remove the appliance for repair and is unnecessary.
Induction Hob Ventilation:
Induction hobs require ventilation and are generally provided with cooling fans to prevent the internal electronics from over heating. It is important to consider this when installing any oven below the hob.
If an induction hob cuts out during use, then the most likely cause is inadequate ventilation. An error code is usually displayed and this is explained in the instructions provided with the hob.
One of the most common reasons for service intervention shortly after installation is due to poor electrical supply connection. Where an electric hob does not appear to work immediately following installation, it is highly likely that it has been incorrectly connected to the mains supply.
CDA products commonly use terminal blocks with brass bridging links included. It is important that they are used and correctly fitted. If not, localised terminal failure due to over-heating may result. An example of one such terminal block is shown below; these are typically seen on ceramic units: -
In this example, there are 3 live terminals linked together and a single neutral plus earth.
Note that some products have 3 live terminals and 2 neutrals
Note that some induction hobs are supplied with multi-core cables; the instructions supplied with these products provide all the information required for the correct connection to the mains supply.
The terminals for most ceramic and solid plate hobs are designed to be used with mains cable of cross-sectional area 2.5mm2. A larger sized cable may not fit. Where the rated input of a 4 or 5 zone electric hob (shown on the rating plate and in the instructions) is below 7.5kW, it is perfectly acceptable for a 2.5mm2 CSA multi-core cable to be used.
Under no circumstances should an electric hob (ceramic, induction or solid plate) be installed using a 13A plug or a 13A fused spur. All of these hobs should be installed using a dedicated cooker point.
If a single oven is to be installed to the same mains supply, then it should be provided with an appropriate fused spur, protected by an appropriate fuse.
Gas hobs should be installed on rigid copper pipework and an isolation tap provided in a position which is accessible after installation. It is the responsibility of the installer to comply with all applicable gas regulations. Only a Gas Safe registered installer should connect any gas appliance to the supply.
The most common installation issue is where a gas leak has been reported. Invariably, this is as a result of a gas leak at the elbow, where one or more of the unions has not been correctly assembled and tightened. The correct assembly is shown in the next image: -
Ensure all gas connections are sound after installation, using appropriate leak detection methods, but not a naked flame. Note that: -
The elbow (C) should be connected with the parallel thread connecting to the hob union (A), using the fibre washer (F)
The tapered BSP thread should be connected to the copper supply pipework.
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