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Details about  1492 POLAND POLISH WWII THE CROSS OF VALOR +DOC'49 original

1492 POLAND POLISH WWII THE CROSS OF VALOR +DOC'49 original

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Item condition:
Used
Price:
US $249.00
Approximately £148.41
 
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Item location:
Wieliczka, Poland
 
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Condition:
Used: An item that has been previously used. See the seller’s listing for full details and description of ... Read moreabout the condition
 
   
THE CROSS OF VALOR
KRZYZ WALECZNYCH


Is a Polish military decoration. It was first introduced by the Council for the Defense of the State on August 11, 1920. It is awarded to an individual who "has demonstrated deeds of valor and courage on the battlefield" It may be awarded to the same person up to four times. The medal is given only in wartime or shortly after. The medal was introduced at the height of the Polish-Soviet War (1920), shortly before the climactic Battle of Warsaw. Initially it had no Order Council and was awarded personally by the Commander-in-Chief of the Polish Army. Later the option was added of delegating the privilege to front and division commanders. Through May 29, 1923, when the last medal for the Polish-Soviet War was awarded, the Cross of Valor had been granted to some 60,000 soldiers. Apart from individuals who had participated in the Polish-Soviet War, it had also been retroactively awarded to some soldiers of the Polish Legions, of World War I military units, of the Silesian Uprisings, of the Great Poland Uprising, and to members of the Polish Military Organization. It had been awarded, as well, to veterans of the January 1863 Uprising and to the city of Płock. In January 1940 the Polish Commander-in-Chief, Władysław Sikorski, issued an order reintroducing the Cross of Valor. On September 20, the President of Poland agreed to award the medal to eligible individuals who had already been awarded it four times during the Polish-Soviet War. In 1943, after the Battle of Lenino, General Zygmunt Berling, commander of the Soviet-backed Polish 1st Corps, awarded the Cross of Valor to several soldiers. The medal itself was approved as a military decoration by order of the Home National Council on December 22, 1944. Until 1947, some 40,000 of the medals had been awarded to Polish soldiers fighting alongside the Red Army.


THE ORGINAL CROSS WAS AWARDED IN GREAT BRITAIN IN THE PERIOD WWII ON ORIGINAL RIBBON WITH THE DOCUMENT AVARDED TO FELTYNOWSKI ADAM

according to the catalogue G.Krogulec the cat. 24b

GUARANTEED ORIGINAL

PAYMENT ONLY


PLEASE CHECK MY OTHER AUCTIONS

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Item location: Wieliczka, Poland
Postage to: Worldwide
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