British crown, the successor to the English Crown and the Scottish
Dollar, came into being with the Union of the kingdoms of England and
Scotland in 1707. As with the English coin, its value was five
a heavy silver coin weighing about one ounce, during the 19th and 20th
centuries the Crown declined from being a real means of exchange to
being a coin rarely spent and minted for commemorative purposes only. In
that format it has continued to be minted, even following
decimalization of the British currency in 1971. However, as the result
of inflation the value of the coin was revised upwards to five pounds.
coin's origins lay in the English silver crown, one of many silver
coins that appeared in various countries from the 16th century onwards,
the most famous example perhaps being pieces of eight, all of which were
of a similar size and weight (approx 38mm diameter and containing
approx 25 grams of fine silver) and thus interchangeable in
international trade. The kingdom of England also minted gold Crowns
in the 16th and 17th centuries.
dies for all gold and silver coins of Queen Anne and King George I were
engraved by John Croker, a migrant originally from Dresden in the Duchy
British crown was always a large coin, and from the 19th century it did
not circulate well. However, crowns were usually struck in a new
monarch's coronation year, true of each monarch since King George IV up
until the present monarch in 1953, with the single exception of King
Queen Victoria "Gothic" crown of 1847 (mintage just 8,000 and produced
to celebrate the Gothic revival) is considered by many to be the most
beautiful British coin ever minted.
King George V "wreath" crowns struck from 1927 to 1936 (excluding 1935
when the more common "rocking horse" crown was minted to commemorate the
King's Silver Jubilee) depict a wreath on the reverse of the coin and
were struck in very low numbers. Generally struck late in the year and
intended to be purchased as Christmas gifts, they did not circulate well
with the rarest of all dates, 1934, (mintage just 932) now fetching
several thousand pounds each. The 1927 'wreath' crowns were struck as
proofs only (15,030 minted).
its large size, many of the later coins were primarily commemoratives.
The 1951 issue was for the Festival of Britain, and was only struck in
proof condition. The 1965 issue carried the image of Winston Churchill
on the reverse, the first time a non-monarch or commoner was ever placed
on a British coin, and marked his death. According to the Standard
Catalogue of coins, 9,640,000 of this coin were minted, a very high
number at the time, making them of little value today except as a mark
of respect for the national war leader. Production of the Churchill
Crown began on the 11th of October 1965, and stopped in the summer of
crown was worth five shillings (or 60 pre-decimal pence) until
decimalisation in February 1971, and was also the basis of other
denominations such as the half crown and double crown.
The last five shilling piece was minted in 1965.
The crown coin was nicknamed the dollar, but is not to be confused with the British trade dollar that circulated in the Orient.
decimalisation on 15 February 1971 a new coin known as a 25p (25 pence)
piece was introduced. Whilst being legal tender  and having the same
decimal value as a crown, the 25p pieces were issued to commemorate
events, e.g. 1972 was for the Silver Wedding anniversary of Queen
Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. The 1977 issue was to
celebrate Queen Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee, the 1980 issue for the
80th birthday of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother and, in 1981, the coin
was issued to celebrate the marriage of Charles, Prince of Wales and
Lady Diana Spencer.
issues continue to be minted to the present day, initially with a value
of twenty-five pence, and then, from 1990, with a value of five pounds.
face or denominational value of the crown remained as five shillings
from 1544 to 1965. For most of this period there was no mark of value on
the coin. From 1927 to 1939 the word "CROWN" appears, and from 1951 to
1960 this was changed to "FIVE SHILLINGS". After decimalisation in 1971,
the face value kept its five shillings equivalent at 25 new pence,
later simply 25 pence, although the face value is not shown on any of
1990, the crown was re-tariffed at five pounds (£5), probably in view
of its relatively large size compared with its face value, and taking
into consideration its production costs, and the Royal Mint's profits on
sales of commemorative coins. While this change was understandable, it
has brought with it a slight confusion, and the popular misbelief that
all crowns have a five pound face value, including the pre-1990 ones.
all "normal" issues since 1951 have been composed of cupro-nickel,
special proof versions have been produced for sale to collectors, and as
gift items, in silver, gold, and occasionally platinum.
fact that gold £5 crowns are now produced means that there are two
different strains of five pound gold coins, namely crowns and what are
now termed "quintuple sovereigns" for want of a more concise term.
the term "crown-sized" is used generically to describe large silver or
cupro-nickel coins of about 40 mm in diameter. Most Commonwealth
countries still issue crown-sized coins for sale to collectors.
Zealand's original and present fifty-cent pieces, and Australia's
previously round but now dodecagonal fifty-cent piece, although valued
at five shillings in predecimal accounting, are all smaller than the
standard silver crown pieces issued by those countries (and the UK).
silver crowns, the grade of silver adhered to the long-standing
standard (established in the 12th century by Henry II) – the Sterling
Silver standard of 92.5% silver and 7.5% copper. This was a
harder-wearing alloy, yet it was still a rather high grade of silver. It
went some way towards discouraging the practice of "clipping", though
this practice was further discouraged and largely eliminated with the
introduction of the milled edge seen on coins today.
a debasement process which took effect in 1920, the silver content of
all British coins was reduced from 92.5% to 50%, with a portion of the
remainder consisting of manganese, which caused the coins to tarnish to a
very dark colour after they had been in circulation for a significant
period. Silver was eliminated altogether in 1947, with the move to a
composition of cupro-nickel – except for proof issues, which returned to
the pre-1920 92.5% silver composition.
standardisation of the UK's silver coinage in 1816 (UK Coinage Reform
1816), a crown has, as a general rule, had a diameter of 38.61 mm, and
Edward VII 1902 256,020 Coronation Ster. Silv.
George V 1927 15,030 (proof only) 'Wreath' Crown 0.500 silver
1928 9,034 'Wreath' Crown 0.500 silver
1929 4,994 'Wreath' Crown 0.500 silver
1930 4,847 'Wreath' Crown 0.500 silver
1931 4,056 'Wreath' Crown 0.500 silver
1932 2,395 'Wreath' Crown 0.500 silver
1933 7,132 'Wreath' Crown 0.500 silver
1934 932 'Wreath' Crown 0.500 silver
1935 714,769 George V and Queen Mary Silver Jubilee 0.500 silver
1936 2,473 'Wreath' Crown 0.500 silver
George VI 1937 418,699 Coronation 0.500 silver
1951 1,983,540 Festival of Britain Cu/Ni
Elizabeth II 1953 5,962,621 Coronation Cu/Ni
1960 1,024,038 British Exhibition in New York Cu/Ni
1965 19,640,000 Death of Sir Winston Churchill Cu/Ni
1972 Queen Elizabeth II 25th Wedding Anniversary 25p Cu/Ni
1977 Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee 25p Cu/Ni
1980 Queen Mother 80th Birthday 25p Cu/Ni
1981 Charles & Diana Wedding 25p Cu/Ni
Silver is a chemical
element with the chemical symbol Ag (Greek: άργυρος árguros, Latin:
argentum, both from the Indo-European root *arg- for "grey" or
"shining") and atomic number 47. A soft, white, lustrous transition
metal, it possesses the highest electrical conductivity of any element
and the highest thermal conductivity of any metal. The metal occurs
naturally in its pure, free form (native silver), as an alloy with gold
and other metals, and in minerals such as argentite and chlorargyrite.
Most silver is produced as a byproduct of copper, gold, lead, and zinc
Silver has long been valued
as a precious metal, used in currency coins, to make ornaments,
jewelry, high-value tableware and utensils (hence the term silverware)
and as an investment in the forms of coins and bullion. Silver metal is
used industrially in electrical contacts and conductors, in mirrors and
in catalysis of chemical reactions. Its compounds are used in
photographic film and dilute silver nitrate solutions and other silver
compounds are used as disinfectants and microbiocides (oligodynamic
effect). While many medical antimicrobial uses of silver have been
supplanted by antibiotics, further research into clinical potential
One penny Two pence Five pence Ten pence Twenty pence Fifty pence One pound Two pounds
Commemorative and bullion
Twenty-five pence Five pounds Maundy money Quarter sovereign Half sovereign Sovereign Britannia
Third-farthing Half-farthing Farthing Halfpenny Penny Threepence Groat
Sixpence One shilling Two shillings (florin) Half crown Double florin
(four shillings) Crown Half guinea Guinea
sterling Coins of the pound sterling List of British banknotes and coins
Scottish coinage Coins of Ireland List of people on coins of the United
George I (George Louis; German: Georg Ludwig; 28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 until his death, and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire from 1698.
George was born in Hanover, in what is now Germany, and inherited the titles and lands of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg from his father and uncles. A succession of European wars expanded his German domains during his lifetime, and in 1708 he was ratified as prince-elector of Hanover. At the age of 54, after the death of Queen Anne of Great Britain, George ascended the British throne as the first monarch of the House of Hanover. Although over fifty Roman Catholics bore closer blood relationships to Anne, the Act of Settlement 1701 prohibited Catholics from inheriting the British throne; George was Anne's closest living Protestant relative. In reaction, Jacobites attempted to depose George and replace him with Anne's Catholic half-brother, James Francis Edward Stuart, but their attempts failed.
During George's reign, the powers of the monarchy diminished and Britain began a transition to the modern system of cabinet government led by a prime minister. Towards the end of his reign, actual power was held by Sir Robert Walpole, now recognised as Britain's first de facto prime minister. George died on a trip to his native Hanover, where he was buried.
Reign 1 August 1714 – 11 June 1727
Coronation 20 October 1714
Successor George II
Prime Ministers Robert Walpole
Elector of Hanover
Reign 23 January 1698 – 11 June 1727
Predecessor Ernest Augustus
Successor George II
Spouse Sophia Dorothea of Celle
Sophia Dorothea, Queen in Prussia
German: Georg Ludwig
House House of Hanover
Father Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover
Mother Sophia of the Palatinate
Born 28 May 1660
7 June 1660 (N.S.)
Died 11 June 1727 (aged 67)
22 June 1727 (N.S.)
Schloss Osnabrück, Osnabrück
Burial 4 August 1727
Leineschloss, Hanover; later Herrenhausen, Hanover
English, Scottish and British monarchs
Monarchs of England before 1603 Monarchs of Scotland before 1603
Alfred the Great
Edward the Elder
Edgar the Peaceful
Edward the Martyr
Æthelred the Unready
Cnut the Great
Edward the Confessor
Edgar the Ætheling
Henry the Young King
Mary I and Philip
Kenneth I MacAlpin
Malcolm III Canmore
Monarchs of England and Scotland after the Union of the Crowns in 1603
James I & VI
James II & VII
Mary II and William III & II
British monarchs after the Acts of Union 1707
Debatable or disputed rulers are in italics.
Rulers of Hanover
Electors of Hanover
Ernest Augustus (Elector-designate)
George I Louis*
Kings of Hanover
Ernest Augustus I
* Also monarch of Great Britain or the United Kingdom.
Kingdom of Great Britain
Union of 1707
Great Britain in the Seven Years' War
War of Jenkins' Ear
French and Indian War
American Revolutionary War
Anglo-Dutch War (1780–1784)
French Revolutionary Wars
Union of 1801
Floral Badge of Great Britain
House of Lords
House of Commons
List of Parliaments
Acts of Parliament:
East India Company
Proclamation of Rebellion
South Sea Company
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 17th century – 18th century – 19th century
Decades: 1690s 1700s 1710s – 1720s – 1730s 1740s 1750s
Years: 1720 1721 1722 – 1723 – 1724 1725 1726
1723 by topic:
Arts and Sciences
Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science
Canada – Great Britain –
Lists of leaders
Colonial governors – State leaders
Birth and death categories
Births – Deaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Establishments – Disestablishments
1723 in other calendars Gregorian calendar 1723
Ab urbe condita 2476
Armenian calendar 1172
Assyrian calendar 6473
Bahá'í calendar −121 – −120
Bengali calendar 1130
Berber calendar 2673
British Regnal year 9 Geo. 1 – 10 Geo. 1
Buddhist calendar 2267
Burmese calendar 1085
Byzantine calendar 7231–7232
Chinese calendar 壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
4419 or 4359
— to —
癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
4420 or 4360
Coptic calendar 1439–1440
Discordian calendar 2889
Ethiopian calendar 1715–1716
Hebrew calendar 5483–5484
- Vikram Samvat 1779–1780
- Shaka Samvat 1645–1646
- Kali Yuga 4824–4825
Holocene calendar 11723
Igbo calendar 723–724
Iranian calendar 1101–1102
Islamic calendar 1135–1136
Japanese calendar Kyōhō 8
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4056
Minguo calendar 189 before ROC
Thai solar calendar 2266
Year 1723 (MDCCXXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.
February 16 – Louis XV of France attains his majority.
March 9 – Mapuche Uprising of 1723 begins in Chile.
July – The Russian army, under Matyushkin, captures Baku.
July 12 - Christian von Wolff Wolff held a lecture for students and the magistrates at the end of his term as a rector, as a result of which he is banned from Prussia on a charge of atheism.
August – The Peterhof Palace opens just outside Saint Petersburg.
September 1 – The Treaty of St. Petersburg is signed.
November 23 – The Province of Carolina incorporates New Bern as Newbern (the town later becomes the capital of North Carolina).
December 26 – Darzu ist erschienen der Sohn Gottes, BWV 40 by Johann Sebastian Bach is first performed in Leipzig.
The Province of Carolina incorporates Beaufort, North Carolina, as the "Port of Beaufort", making it the third incorporated town in the province.
The Four Seasons, a set of violin concertos by Antonio Vivaldi, was composed.
January 12 – Samuel Langdon, American President of Harvard University (d. 1797)
February 15 – John Witherspoon, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1794)
February 17 – Tobias Mayer, German astronomer (d. 1761)
February 21 – Louis-Pierre Anquetil, French historian (d. 1808)
February 23 – Richard Price, Welsh philosopher (d. 1791)
February 24 – John Burgoyne, British general (d. 1792)
March 22 – Charles Carroll, American lawyer and Continental Congressman (d. 1783)
March 23 – Agha Mohammad Khan Ghajar, Iranian king (d. 1778)
March 31 – King Frederick V of Denmark (d. 1766)
April 20 – Cornelius Harnett, American Continental Congressman (d. 1781)
April 30 – Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French naturalist (d. 1806)
June 3 – Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, Italian-born physician and naturalist (d. 1788)
June 5 – (baptised) Adam Smith, Scottish economist and philosopher (d. 1790)
June 11 – Johann Georg Palitzsch, German astronomer (d. 1788)
Adam Ferguson, Scottish philosopher and historian (d. 1816)
Theophilus Lindsey, English theologian (died 1808)
July 1 – Pedro Rodríguez, Conde de Campomanes, Spanish statesman and writer (died 1802)
July 10 – William Blackstone, English jurist (d. 1780)
July 11 – Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and writer (d. 1799)
July 16 – Sir Joshua Reynolds, English painter (d. 1792)
September 11 – Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educational reformer (d. 1790)
October 4 – Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, German entomologist (d. 1798)
November 8 – John Byron, English admiral (d. 1786)
November 30 – William Livingston, American politician and journalist (d. 1790)
December 22 – Carl Friedrich Abel, German composer (d. 1787)
December 26 – Friedrich Melchior, baron von Grimm, German writer (d. 1807)
Date unknown – Carl Albert von Lespilliez, German draftsman, architect and printmaker (d. 1796)
February 25 – Sir Christopher Wren, English architect, astronomer, and mathematician (b. 1632)
February 26 – Thomas d'Urfey, English writer (b. 1653)
March 15 – Johann Christian Günther, German poet (b. 1695)
March 31 – Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, British Governor of New York and New Jersey (b. 1661)
April 11 – John Robinson, English diplomat (b. 1650)
May 11 – Jean Galbert de Campistron, French dramatist (b. 1656)
July 14 – Claude Fleury, French historian (b. 1640)
July 26 – Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (b. 1660)
August 10 – Guillaume Dubois, French cardinal and statesman (b. 1656)
August 17 – Joseph Bingham, English scholar (b. 1668)
August 23 – Increase Mather, American Puritan minister (b. 1639)
August 26 – Anton van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch scientist (b. 1632)
October 10 – William Cowper, 1st Earl Cowper, Lord Chancellor of England (b. c. 1665)
October 19 – Godfrey Kneller, German-born artist (b. 1646)
October 31 – Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1642)
November 19 – Antoine Nompar de Caumont, French courtier and statesman (b. 1632)
December 1 – Susanna Centlivre, English dramatist and actress (b. 1669)
December 2 – Philip II, Duke of Orléans, regent of France (b. 1674)
December 7 – Jan Santini Aichel, Czech architect (b. 1677)
December 20 – Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, German physician and botanist (b. 1652)
Coat of arms
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 16th century – 17th century – 18th century
Decades: 1640s 1650s 1660s – 1670s – 1680s 1690s 1700s
Years: 1672 1673 1674 – 1675 – 1676 1677 1678
1675 by topic:
Arts and Science
Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science
Lists of leaders
Colonial governors - State leaders
Birth and death categories
Births - Deaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Establishments - Disestablishments
1675 in other calendars Gregorian calendar 1675
Ab urbe condita 2428
Armenian calendar 1124
Assyrian calendar 6425
Bahá'í calendar −169 – −168
Bengali calendar 1082
Berber calendar 2625
English Regnal year 26 Cha. 2 – 27 Cha. 2
Buddhist calendar 2219
Burmese calendar 1037
Byzantine calendar 7183–7184
Chinese calendar 甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)
4371 or 4311
— to —
乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
4372 or 4312
Coptic calendar 1391–1392
Discordian calendar 2841
Ethiopian calendar 1667–1668
Hebrew calendar 5435–5436
- Vikram Samvat 1731–1732
- Shaka Samvat 1597–1598
- Kali Yuga 4776–4777
Holocene calendar 11675
Igbo calendar 675–676
Iranian calendar 1053–1054
Islamic calendar 1085–1086
Japanese calendar Enpō 3
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar 4008
Minguo calendar 237 before ROC
Thai solar calendar 2218
Year 1675 (MDCLXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar.
January 5 – Franco-Dutch War – Battle of Turckheim: In Turckheim, Alsace, France, the French defeat Austria and Brandenburg.
January 29 – John Sassamon, an English-educated Native American Christian, dies at Assawampsett Pond, an event which will trigger a year-long war between English American colonists of New England and Algonquian Native American tribes.
April– – English merchant Anthony de la Roché, blown off course having rounded Cape Horn eastabout, makes the first discovery of land south of the Antarctic Convergence, landing on South Georgia and (probably) Gough Island.
June 8 – John Sassamon's alleged murderers are executed at Plymouth.
June 11 – Armed Wampanoags are reported traveling around Swansea, Massachusetts.
June 14–June 25 – Colonial authorities of Rhode Island, Plymouth, and Massachusetts attempt a negotiation with Metacomet (King Philip), leader of the Wampanoags, and seek guarantees of fidelity from the Nipmuck and Narragansett tribes.
June 24 – King Philip's War breaks out as the Wampanoags attack Swansea.
June 26 – Massachusetts troops march to Swansea to join the Plymouth troops.
June 26–June 29 – Wampanoags assault Rehoboth and Taunton; the natives elude colonial troops and leave Mount Hope for Pocasset, Massachusetts. The Mohegan tribe travels to Boston in order to side with the English colonists against the Wampanoags.
June 28 – Battle of Fehrbellin: Brandenburg defeats the Swedes.
July 15 – The Narragansett tribe signs a peace treaty with Connecticut.
July 16–24 – An envoy from Massachusetts attempts to negotiate with the Nipmuck tribe.
August 2–4 – The Nipmucks attack Massachusetts troops and besiege Brookfield, Massachusetts.
August 10 – King Charles II of England places the foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London; construction begins.
August 13 – The Massachusetts Council orders that Christian Indians are to be confined to designated praying towns.
September 1–2 – While Wampanoags and Nipmucks attack Deerfield, Massachusetts, Captain Samuel Moseley commands Massachusetts troops in an attack on the Pennacook tribe.
September 12 – English colonists abandon Deerfield, Squakeag, and Brookfield due to a coalition of Indian attacks.
September 15 – The Bremen-Verden Campaign of the Northern Wars begins with the invasion of Amt Wildeshausen by the Munster army and their advance on Verden via the city of Bremen.
September 18 – The Narragansetts sign a treaty with the English in Boston; meanwhile, Massachusetts troops are ambushed near Northampton, Massachusetts.
October 5 – The Pocomtuc tribe attacks and destroys Springfield, Massachusetts.
October 13 – The Massachusetts Council convenes and agrees that all Christian Indians should be ordered to move to Deer Island.
November 2–12 – Commissioners of the Thirteen Colonies organize a united force to attack the Narragansett tribe.
Guru Teg Bahadur, ninth of the Sikh gurus, is executed by Mughal rulers, He prefers execution to defend the right of Hindus to practice their own religion. He is succeeded by Guru Gobind Singh as tenth Guru.
Gottfried Leibniz uses infinitesimal calculus on a function.
December 19 – United colonial forces attack the Narragansetts at the Great Swamp Fight.
Cassini discovers Saturn's Cassini Division.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek begins to use a microscope for observing human tissues and liquids.
January 16 – Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French writer (d. 1755)
January 27 – Erik Benzelius the younger, Swedish priest (d. 1743)
February 21 – Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (d. 1750)
February 28 – Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (d. 1726)
March 31 – Pope Benedict XIV (d. 1758)
May 29 – Humphry Ditton, English mathematician (d. 1715)
June 1 – Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (d. 1755)
July 5 – Mary Walcott, American accuser at the Salem witch trials
July 12 – Evaristo Abaco, Italian composer (d. 1742)
July 14 – Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (d. 1747)
September 2 – William Somervile, English poet (d. 1742)
September 3 – Paul Dudley, Attorney-General of Massachusetts (d. 1751)
October 11 – Samuel Clarke, English philosopher (d. 1729)
October 21 – Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (d. 1710)
October 24 – Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician (d. 1749)
February 9 – Gerhard Douw, Dutch painter (b. 1613)
March 18 – Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1606)
April 12 – Richard Bennett, British Colonial Governor of Virginia (b. 1609)
May 18 – Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish Socinian theologist (b. 1623)
May 18 – Father Jacques Marquette, French missionary and explorer (b. 1636)
May 27 – Gaspard Dughet, French painter (b. 1613)
June 12 – Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy (b. 1634)
July 27 – Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Marshal of France (b. 1611)
July 28 – Bulstrode Whitelocke, English lawyer (b. 1605)
September 18 – Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1604)
September 23 – Valentin Conrart, founder of the Académie française (b. 1603)
October 26 – William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (b. 1609)
October 27 – Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician (b. 1602)
November 1 – Guru Tegh Bahadur, 9th Sikh Guru (b. 1621)
November 28 – Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh, English Civil War soldier
November 28 – Leonard Hoar, American President of Harvard University (b. 1630)
November 30 – Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, colonial Governor of Maryland (b. 1605)
December 6 – John Lightfoot, English church goer (b. 1602)
December 15 – Johannes Vermeer, Dutch painter (b. 1632)
December 23 – Caesar, duc de Choiseul, French marshal and diplomat (b. 1602)