Bidding has ended on this item. The seller has relisted this item or one like this.

Posts to:
Posts to:

Details about  1843 Half Sovereign Weight Gold Lustre Antique Old Victorian Royal Mint London

See original listing
1843 Half Sovereign Weight Gold Lustre Antique Old Victorian Royal Mint London
Item Ended
Item condition:

In Very Good Condition for its age

30 Mar, 2014 20:44:33 BST
Winning bid:
28 bids ]
£2.99 Royal Mail International Standard (Small Packets) | See details
See details about international postage here.  help icon for delivery - opens a layer
Item location:
Look at my other Items, United Kingdom


eBay item number:
Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing.
teertS dnumdE 4
QW5 6M
modgniK detinU

Item specifics

Condition: Used : Split the cost with friends
An item that has been previously used. See the seller’s listing for full details and description of any imperfections. See all condition definitions- opens in a new window or tab
Seller notes: In Very Good Condition for its age
1843 Half Sovereign Weight

One Hundred and Seventy One Year Old Sovereign Weight

Made of Brass with a Golden Lustre

Has a Queen Victorias Head with the words "Royal Mint 1843"

The Back has the words "Curt Weight"and "Sovereign" & the Number 2 . 13 1/8 with the year 1843

Weights the same weight a a half sovereign
 In Very Good Condition given it is almost 200  years old

Starting at one Penny...With No Reserve..If your the only bidder you win it for 1p....Grab a Bargain!!!!

Would make an Excellent Lucky Charm or Collectible Keepsake Souvenir

I will have a lot of Old Coins items on Ebay so please CLICK HERE TO VISIT MY SHOP


Bid with Confidence - Check My 100% Positive Feedback from over 3,000 Satisfied Customers
I have over 4 years of Ebay Selling Experience - So Why Not Treat Yourself?

I have got married recently and need to raise funds to meet the costs also we are planning to move into a house together

I always combined postage on multiple items so why not >  Check out my other items!

 All Payment Methods in All Major Currencies Accepted. All Items Sent out within 24 hours of Receiving Payment. 

Overseas Bidders Please Note Surface Mail Delivery Times > 

Western Europe takes up to 2 weeks, 

Eastern Europe up to 5 weeks, 

North America up to 6 weeks, 

South America, Africa and Asia up to 8 weeks and 

Australasia up to 12 weeks

For that Interesting Conversational Piece, A Birthday Present, Christmas Gift, A Comical Item to Cheer Someone Up or That Unique Perfect Gift for the Person Who has Everything....You Know Where to Look for a Bargain!

Please Take a Moment Click Here to Check Out My Other items

*** Please Do Not Click Here ***

Click Here to Add me to Your List of Favourite Sellers

If You Have any Questions Please Email Me at and I Will Reply ASAP

Thanks for Looking and Best of Luck with the Bidding!! 

The Countries I Send to Include Afghanistan * Albania * Algeria * American Samoa (US) * Andorra * Angola * Anguilla (GB) * Antigua and Barbuda * Argentina * Armenia * Aruba (NL) * Australia * Austria * Azerbaijan * Bahamas * Bahrain * Bangladesh * Barbados * Belarus * Belgium * Belize * Benin * Bermuda (GB) * Bhutan * Bolivia * Bonaire (NL)  * Bosnia and Herzegovina * Botswana * Bouvet Island (NO) * Brazil * British Indian Ocean Territory (GB) * British Virgin Islands (GB) * Brunei * Bulgaria * Burkina Faso * Burundi * Cambodia * Cameroon * Canada * Cape Verde * Cayman Islands (GB) * Central African Republic * Chad * Chile * China * Christmas Island (AU) * Cocos Islands (AU) * Colombia * Comoros * Congo * Democratic Republic of the Congo * Cook Islands (NZ) * Coral Sea Islands Territory (AU) * Costa Rica * Croatia * Cuba * Curaçao (NL)  * Cyprus * Czech Republic * Denmark * Djibouti * Dominica * Dominican Republic * East Timor * Ecuador * Egypt * El Salvador * Equatorial Guinea * Eritrea * Estonia * Ethiopia * Falkland Islands (GB) * Faroe Islands (DK) * Fiji Islands * Finland * France * French Guiana (FR) * French Polynesia (FR) * French Southern Lands (FR) * Gabon * Gambia * Georgia * Germany * Ghana * Gibraltar (GB) * Greece * Greenland (DK) * Grenada * Guadeloupe (FR) * Guam (US) * Guatemala * Guernsey (GB) * Guinea * Guinea-Bissau * Guyana * Haiti * Heard and McDonald Islands (AU) * Honduras * Hong Kong (CN) * Hungary * Iceland * India * Indonesia * Iran * Iraq * Ireland * Isle of Man (GB) * Israel * Italy * Ivory Coast * Jamaica * Jan Mayen (NO) * Japan * Jersey (GB) * Jordan * Kazakhstan * Kenya * Kiribati * Kosovo * Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos * Latvia * Lebanon * Lesotho * Liberia * Libya * Liechtenstein * Lithuania * Luxembourg * Macau (CN) * Macedonia * Madagascar * Malawi * Malaysia * Maldives * Mali * Malta * Marshall Islands * Martinique (FR) * Mauritania * Mauritius * Mayotte (FR) * Mexico * Micronesia * Moldova * Monaco * Mongolia * Montenegro * Montserrat (GB) * Morocco * Mozambique * Myanmar * Namibia * Nauru * Navassa (US) * Nepal * Netherlands * New Caledonia (FR) * New Zealand * Nicaragua * Niger * Nigeria * Niue (NZ) * Norfolk Island (AU) * North Korea * Northern Cyprus * Northern Mariana Islands (US) * Norway * Oman * Pakistan * Palau * Palestinian Authority * Panama * Papua New Guinea * Paraguay * Peru * Philippines * Pitcairn Island (GB) * Poland * Portugal * Puerto Rico (US) * Qatar * Reunion (FR) * Romania * Russia * Rwanda * Saba (NL)  * Saint Barthelemy (FR) * Saint Helena (GB) * Saint Kitts and Nevis * Saint Lucia * Saint Martin (FR) * Saint Pierre and Miquelon (FR) * Saint Vincent and the Grenadines * Samoa * San Marino * Sao Tome and Principe * Saudi Arabia * Senegal * Serbia * Seychelles * Sierra Leone * Singapore * Sint Eustatius (NL)  * Sint Maarten (NL)  * Slovakia * Slovenia * Solomon Islands * Somalia * South Africa * South Georgia (GB) * South Korea * South Sudan * Spain * Sri Lanka * Sudan * Suriname * Svalbard (NO) * Swaziland * Sweden * Switzerland * Syria * Taiwan * Tajikistan * Tanzania * Thailand * Togo * Tokelau (NZ) * Tonga * Trinidad and Tobago * Tunisia * Turkey * Turkmenistan * Turks and Caicos Islands (GB) * Tuvalu * U.S. Minor Pacific Islands (US) * U.S. Virgin Islands (US) * Uganda * Ukraine * United Arab Emirates * United Kingdom * United States * Uruguay * Uzbekistan * Vanuatu * Vatican City * Venezuela * Vietnam * Wallis and Futuna (FR) * Yemen * Zambia * Zimbabw
The sovereign is a gold coin of the United Kingdom, with a nominal value of one pound sterling but in practice used as a bullion coin.

Named after the English gold sovereign, last minted in 1604, the name was revived with the Great Recoinage of 1816.[1] Minting these new sovereigns began in 1817. The gold content was fixed by the coin act of 1816 at 1320/5607 (0.235420) troy ounces (7.322381 g), nearly equivalent to 113 grains. This weight has remained practically constant to the present day (some minute changes have resulted from its legal redefinition in the metric system of weights).[2]

Sovereigns were minted in the United Kingdom from 1817 to 1917, in 1925, and from 1957. Australia, India, Canada, and South Africa all occasionally minted the coins. In 2013 the Royal Mint announced that it would restart the manufacture of sovereigns in India to cater to the Indian market.[3] These sovereigns will be minted by Indian gold producer MMTC-PAMP to Royal Mint specification.[3] MMTC-PAMP is a joint venture between MMTC Ltd and PAMP of Switzerland.

In addition to the sovereign, the Royal Mint also struck ten-shilling half sovereigns, two-pound double sovereigns, and five-pound quintuple sovereign coins. Only the sovereign and the half sovereign were commonly struck for circulation.

In 2009, The Royal Mint released a new coin in the sovereign series: the quarter-sovereign, similar in some ways to the original gold English crown of the rose.

Sovereigns minted since 1817 have been produced according to the coin act of 1816:

    Weight: 7.988052 g (calculated from original definition; the coin act of 1971 adjusted the standard to exactly 7.98805 g.[2])
    Thickness: 1.52 mm[4]
    Diameter: 22.05 mm[4]
    Fineness: 22 carat = 916⅔ / 1000 (± 2/1000[2])
    Gold Content: 7.322381 g = 0.235420 (exactly: 1320/5607) troy ounces or 113.0016 grains (original definition; actual gold content may differ due to allowed tolerances and abrasion, see Reminting worn coins below.)

Sovereigns were produced as follows:

    London: 1817–1917, 1925, 1957 onwards
    Melbourne: 1872–1931
    Sydney: 1855–1926
    Perth: 1899–1931
    Bombay: 1918 only
    Ottawa: 1908–1919
    Pretoria: 1923–1932

Melbourne During the 1850s, Victoria alone contributed more than one-third of the world’s gold output. Although a Mint opened in Sydney in 1855, it had difficulty keeping pace with the output of the goldfields and in 1871 a new branch of the Royal Mint opened in Melbourne. Melbourne sovereigns carry a small ‘M’ to identify them.

Sydney Millions of pounds of gold bullion were shipped from Australia to London each year to be minted into coin. However, it soon became apparent that it would be easier to refine the gold and turn it into coins at source, rather than transport it to Britain and have it turned into coins there. Sydney, Melbourne, and Adelaide each submitted to be the venue of a branch of the Royal Mint and after some deliberation the British government awarded it to Sydney, which began issuing coins in 1855. This mint issued coins with its own design from 1855 until 1870 then, in 1871 the Royal Mint insisted that all gold sovereigns regardless of Mint should carry the British design.

The coins minted by Sydney carry a small ‘S’ mintmark to identify them for quality control purposes.

Perth The gold mines at Kalgoorlie and Coolgardie in Western Australia, once discovered, quickly became recognised as two of Australia’s richest. The problems of transporting the raw gold over 2,100 miles to the nearest Mint in Melbourne were obvious and so a new branch of the Royal Mint was authorised and opened in 1899.

Sovereigns minted at Perth carry a small ‘P’ mintmark.

Bombay (India) Another branch of the British Mint was established in Bombay in India in 1918, where the demand for sovereigns was particularly high. The Bombay mint only produced coins for one year and all are dated 1918. Nonetheless, the Indian mint struck more sovereigns (approximately 1.3 million) in its single year of operation than the Ottawa branch managed in more a decade.

Sovereigns from the Bombay mint were distinguished by the letter ‘I’ for India.

Ottawa (Canada) The Klondike Gold Rush of 1897-1898 saw more than 25,000 people seek their fortune in the frozen North of Canada. For some time all of Canada’s coinage was struck in England but these new gold strikes made this impractical.

In 1908 a Canadian branch of the British Royal Mint was opened in Ottawa. As well as producing silver and base metal coins for everyday use, the new Canadian mint also turned the recently discovered gold into sovereigns striking intermittently between 1908 and 1919.

Sovereigns of this mint carry a small ‘C’ mintmark.

Pretoria (South Africa) The next, and final, branch mint was established in Pretoria (South Africa) in 1923. Like the Australian and Canadian mints, this was set up to turn locally mined gold into coins. Significant quantities of gold were discovered in Johannesburg in 1886, setting off another mass migration as speculators, prospectors, fortune-seekers, and adventurers from all over the world descended upon the region.

By the end of the 1890s the area was responsible for a significant percentage of global gold production. Sovereigns, identical to the British coins except for the inclusion of an ‘SA’ mintmark, were struck at Pretoria between 1923 and 1932.

British coinage
Current circulation   
One penny Two pence Five pence Ten pence Twenty pence Fifty pence One pound Two pounds
Commemorative and bullion   
Twenty-five pence Five pounds Maundy money Quarter sovereign Half sovereign Sovereign Britannia
Withdrawn (decimal)   
Half penny
Withdrawn (pre-decimal,
selected coins)   
Quarter-farthing Third-farthing Half-farthing Farthing Halfpenny Penny Threepence Groat Sixpence One shilling Two shillings (florin) Half crown Double florin (four shillings) Crown Half guinea Guinea
See also   
Pound sterling Coins of the pound sterling List of British banknotes and coins Scottish coinage Coins of Ireland List of people on coins of the United Kingdom

William III & II (Dutch: Willem III; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702)[1] was a sovereign Prince of Orange of the House of Orange-Nassau by birth. From 1672 he governed as Stadtholder William III of Orange (Dutch: Willem III van Oranje) over Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland, and Overijssel of the Dutch Republic. From 1689 he reigned as William III over England and Ireland; it is a coincidence that his regnal number (III) was the same for both Orange and England. As King of Scotland, he is known as William II.[2] He is informally known by sections of the population in Northern Ireland and Scotland as "King Billy".[3] In what became known as the "Glorious Revolution", on 5 November 1688 William invaded England in an action that ultimately deposed King James II & VII and won him the crowns of England, Scotland and Ireland. In the British Isles, William ruled jointly with his wife, Mary II, until her death on 28 December 1694. The period of their joint reign is often referred to as "William and Mary".
A Protestant, William participated in several wars against the powerful Catholic king of France, Louis XIV, in coalition with Protestant and Catholic powers in Europe. Many Protestants heralded him as a champion of their faith. Largely because of that reputation, William was able to take the British crowns when many were fearful of a revival of Catholicism under James. William's victory over James at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 is still commemorated by the Orange Order. His reign marked the beginning of the transition from the personal rule of the Stuarts to the more Parliament-centred rule of the House of Hanover.

Prince of Orange
Reign    4 November 1650[1] – 8 March 1702
Predecessor    William II
Successor    John William Friso
Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel
Reign    July 1672 – 8 March 1702
Predecessor    William II
Successor    William IV
King of England, Scotland and Ireland (more ...)
Reign    13 February 1689 – 8 March 1702
Coronation    11 April 1689
Predecessor    James II & VII
Successor    Anne
Co-monarch    Mary II
Spouse    Mary II of England
House    House of Orange-Nassau
Father    William II, Prince of Orange
Mother    Mary, Princess Royal
Born    4 November 1650
[N.S.: 14 November 1650][1]
Binnenhof, The Hague
Died    8 March 1702 (aged 51)
[N.S.: 19 March 1702]
Kensington Palace, London
Burial    Westminster Abbey, London

William III of England and Orange & II of Scotland
House of Orange-Nassau
Cadet branch of the House of Nassau
Born: 4 November 1650 Died: 8 March 1702
Regnal titles
Title last held by
William II    Prince of Orange
Baron of Breda
4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702    Succeeded by
John William Friso
Title last held by
James II & VII    King of England
King of Ireland
13 February 1689 – 8 March 1702
with Mary II (until 28 December 1694)    Succeeded by
King of Scotland
11 May 1689 – 8 March 1702
with Mary II (until 28 December 1694)
Political offices
First Stadtholderless Period
Title last held by
William II    Stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland
1672–1702    Vacant
Second Stadtholderless Period
Title next held by
William IV
Stadtholder of Utrecht
Stadtholder of Guelders and Overijssel
Preceded by
James II    Lord High Admiral
1689    Succeeded by
The Earl of Torrington
[hide] v t e
Stadtholders of Guelders
Willem van Egmond Willem van Egmond jr. Philip I of Croÿ-Chimay Willem van Egmond jr. Adolf III of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein Jan V of Nassau-Vianden-Diez Philip of Burgundy Floris van Egmond René of Châlon Philip de Lalaing Philip de Montmorency, Count of Hoorn Karel van Brimeu Gillis van Berlaymont John VI of Nassau-Dillenburg Willem IV van den Bergh Adolf van Nieuwenaar Maurice of Nassau Frederick Henry of Orange William II of Orange interregnum William III of Orange interregnum William IV of Orange William V of Orange
[hide] v t e
Stadtholders of Holland, Zeeland and (from 1528) Utrecht
Hugo van Lannoy Willem van Lalaing Gozewijn de Wilde Jan van Lannoy Lewis de Bruges Wolfert VI van Borselen Joost van Lalaing Jan III van Egmond Henry III of Nassau-Breda Antoon van Lalaing René of Châlon Louis of Flanders Maximilian II of Burgundy William of Orange Maximilian of Hennin Philip of Noircarmes William of Orange Adolf van Nieuwenaar (Utrecht only) Maurice of Nassau Frederick Henry of Orange William II of Orange interregnum William III of Orange interregnum William IV of Orange William V of Orange
[hide] v t e
Stadtholders of Overijssel
Georg Schenck van Toutenburg Maximiliaan van Egmond Jan van Ligne Karel van Brimeu Gillis van Berlaymont Caspar van Robles Georges van Lalaing Francisco Verdugo Adolf van Nieuwenaar Maurice of Nassau Frederick Henry of Orange William II of Orange William III of Orange William IV of Orange William V of Orange
[hide] v t e
Stadtholders of Drenthe
Christoph van Moers Jasper van Marwijck Charles, Duke of Guelders Ludolf Coenders Georg Schenck van Toutenburg Maximiliaan van Egmond Jan van Ligne Karel van Brimeu Gillis van Berlaymont Caspar van Robles Georges van Lalaing Francisco Verdugo Willem Lodewijk of Nassau-Dietz Maurice of Nassau Ernst Casimir Hendrik Casimir I Willem Frederik Hendrik Casimir II William II of Orange William III of Orange William IV of Orange William V of Orange
[hide] v t e
English, Scottish and British monarchs
Monarchs of England before 1603    Monarchs of Scotland before 1603
Æthelstan Edmund I Eadred Eadwig Edgar the Peaceful Edward the Martyr Æthelred the Unready Sweyn Forkbeard Edmund Ironside Cnut the Great Harold Harefoot Harthacnut Edward the Confessor Harold Godwinson Edgar the Ætheling William I William II Henry I Stephen Matilda Henry II Henry the Young King Richard I John Henry III Edward I Edward II Edward III Richard II Henry IV Henry V Henry VI Edward IV Edward V Richard III Henry VII Henry VIII Edward VI Jane Mary I and Philip Elizabeth I
Kenneth I MacAlpin Donald I Constantine I Áed Giric Eochaid Donald II Constantine II Malcolm I Indulf Dub Cuilén Amlaíb Kenneth II Constantine III Kenneth III Malcolm II Duncan I Macbeth Lulach Malcolm III Canmore Donald III Duncan II Donald III Edgar Alexander I David I Malcolm IV William I Alexander II Alexander III Margaret First Interregnum John Second Interregnum Robert I David II Edward Robert II Robert III James I James II James III James IV James V Mary I James VI
Monarchs of England and Scotland after the Union of the Crowns in 1603
James I & VI Charles I Commonwealth Charles II James II & VII Mary II and William III & II Anne
British monarchs after the Acts of Union 1707
Anne George I George II George III George IV William IV Victoria Edward VII George V Edward VIII George VI Elizabeth II

Millennium:     2nd millennium
Centuries:     18th century – 19th century – 20th century
Decades:     1810s  1820s  1830s  – 1840s –  1850s  1860s  1870s
Years:     1840 1841 1842 – 1843 – 1844 1845 1846
1843 in topic:
Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature – Music
By country
Australia – Brazil - Canada – France – Germany – Mexico – Philippines – South Africa – US – UK
Other topics
Rail Transport – Science – Sports
Lists of leaders
Colonial Governors – State leaders
Birth and death categories
Births – Deaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Establishments – Disestablishments
Works category

1843 in other calendars Gregorian calendar     1843
Ab urbe condita     2596
Armenian calendar     1292
Assyrian calendar     6593
Bahá'í calendar     −1 – 0
Bengali calendar     1250
Berber calendar     2793
British Regnal year     6 Vict. 1 – 7 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar     2387
Burmese calendar     1205
Byzantine calendar     7351–7352
Chinese calendar     壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
4539 or 4479
    — to —
癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
4540 or 4480
Coptic calendar     1559–1560
Discordian calendar     3009
Ethiopian calendar     1835–1836
Hebrew calendar     5603–5604
Hindu calendars    
 - Vikram Samvat     1899–1900
 - Shaka Samvat     1765–1766
 - Kali Yuga     4944–4945
Holocene calendar     11843
Igbo calendar     843–844
Iranian calendar     1221–1222
Islamic calendar     1258–1259
Japanese calendar     Tenpō 14
Juche calendar     N/A
Julian calendar     Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar     4176
Minguo calendar     69 before ROC
Thai solar calendar     2386

Year 1843 (MDCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.

        Serial publication of Charles Dickens' novel Martin Chuzzlewit begins in London. In the July chapters, he lands his hero in the United States.
        Publication of Edgar Allan Poe's Gothic short story "The Tell-Tale Heart" in a Philadelphia magazine.
    January 6 – Antarctic explorer James Clark Ross discovers Snow Hill Island.
    January 20 – Honório Hermeto Carneiro Leão, Marquis of Paraná, becomes de facto first prime minister of the Empire of Brazil.
    February 3 – Argentina supports Rosas of Uruguay and begins a siege of Montevideo.
    February 6 – The Virginia Minstrels perform the first minstrel show, at the Bowery Amphitheatre in New York City.
    February 11 – Giuseppe Verdi's opera I Lombardi alla prima crociata premieres at La Scala in Milan.
    February 14 – The event that inspired the Beatles song Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite! is held in England.
    February 25 – Provisional Cession of the Hawaiian or Sandwich Islands established by Lord George Paulet.
    March 13 – Catawba County, North Carolina, is created and its first court held in Mathias Barringer Jr.'s house.
    March 15 – Victoria, British Columbia, is founded by the Hudson's Bay Company as a trading post and fort.
    March 16 – The city of Petrópolis is founded by the government of Brazil.[1]
    March 21 – The world does not end, contrary to the first prediction by American preacher William Miller.
    March 24 – Battle of Hyderabad: The Bombay Army led by Major General Sir Charles Napier defeats the Talpur Emirs, securing Sindh as a Province of British India.
    March 25 – Marc Isambard Brunel's Thames Tunnel, the first tunnel under the River Thames and the world's first bored underwater tunnel, is opened in London.[2]


    April – Eta Carinae is temporarily the second-brightest star in the night sky.
    May 4 – Natal is proclaimed a British colony.
    May 18 – The Disruption in Edinburgh of the Free Church of Scotland from the Church of Scotland.
    May 22 – The first major wagon train headed for the American Northwest sets out with one thousand pioneers from Elm Grove, Missouri on the Oregon Trail.
    May 23 – Chile takes possession of the Strait of Magellan.
    June 6 – In Barbados, Samuel Jackman Prescod is the first non-white person elected to the House of Assembly.
    June 17 – Wairau Affray in the South Island of New Zealand: An armed posse of British settlers sent to arrest Māori chief Te Rauparaha clash with members of his Ngāti Toa tribe, resulting in 26 deaths
    June 21 – Edgar Allan Poe's short story "The Gold-Bug" begins serialization in American newspapers.

July 19: SS Great Britain launch.

    July 1 – Graduation from a class of 39 at the United States Military Academy, West Point, of Ulysses S. Grant (21st) and John J. Peck (8th).
    July 19 – Isambard Kingdom Brunel's SS Great Britain is launched from Bristol; it will be the first iron-hulled, propeller-driven ship to cross the Atlantic Ocean.[3]
    August 1 – Brazil becomes the second country, after Great Britain, to issue nationally valid postage stamps with the release of its "Bull's Eye" series.
    August 15 – Tivoli Gardens, one of the oldest still intact amusement parks in the world, opens in Copenhagen, Denmark.

August 15: Tivoli Gardens.

    September –The Economist newspaper is first published in London.
    September 3 – Popular uprising in Athens, Greece, including citizens and military captains, to require from King Otto the issue of a liberal Constitution to the state, which has been governed since independence (1830) by various domestic and foreign business interests.
    September 4 – The Emperor Dom Pedro II of Brazil marries Dona Teresa Cristina of the Two Sicilies in a state ceremony in Rio de Janeiro Cathedral.


    October 16
        Søren Kierkegaard's philosophical book Fear and Trembling is first published.
        William Rowan Hamilton discovers the calculus of quaternions and deduces that they are non-commutative.[4]
    December 9 – Bishop's University is founded as Bishop's College by Bishop George Jehoshaphat Mountain in Lennoxville, Quebec, for the education of members of the Church of England.
    December 13 – Basutoland becomes a British protectorate.[5]
    December 17 – Charles Dickens' novella A Christmas Carol is first published, in London. Released on December 19 it sells out by Christmas Eve.[6]
    December 21 – The first total solar eclipse of saros 139 occurs over southern Asia.
    December – The world's first Christmas cards, commissioned by Sir Henry Cole in London from the artist John Callcott Horsley, are sent.[7]

Date unknown

    The Danish government re-establishes the Althing in Iceland as an advisory body.
    James Joule experimentally finds the mechanical equivalent of heat.[8]
    Ada Lovelace translates and expands Menabrea's notes on Charles Babbage's analytical engine, including an algorithm for calculating a sequence of Bernoulli numbers, regarded as the world's first computer program.[9][10][11]
    The steam powered rotary printing press is invented by Richard March Hoe in the United States.[12]
    The Friend, a Quaker weekly, is first published in London.
    Saint Louis University School of Law becomes the first law school west of the Mississippi River.
    Abbeville, Louisiana, is founded by descendants of Acadians from Nova Scotia.
    Germans from the Black Forest region of Southern Baden migrate to Venezuela.
    The export of British textile machinery and other equipment is allowed.[vague]


    January 8 – John H. Moffitt, American politician (d. 1926)
    January 10 – Frank James, American outlaw (d. 1915)
    January 29 – William McKinley, 25th President of the United States (d. 1901)
    February 19 – Adelina Patti, Spanish opera singer (d. 1919)
    February 22 – Rudolf Montecuccoli, Austro-Hungarian admiral (d. 1922)
    March 17 – Henry Ware Lawton, American general (d. 1899)
    April 4 – William Jackson, photographer (d. 1942)
    April 15 – Henry James, American writer (d. 1916)
    April 25 – Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, third child of Queen Victoria (d. 1878)
    May 20 – Ito Sukeyuki, Japanese admiral (d. 1914)
    May 21 – Charles Albert Gobat, Swiss politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1914)
    June 3 – King Frederick VIII of Denmark (d. 1912)
    June 9 – Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1914)
    June 15 – Edvard Grieg, Norwegian composer (d. 1907)
    June 30 – Sir Ernest Satow, British diplomat and scholar (d. 1928)


    July 7 – Camillo Golgi, Italian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1926)
    July 29 – Johannes Schmidt, German linguist (d. 1901)
    August 1 – Robert Todd Lincoln, American statesman and businessman (d. 1926)
    August 20 – Christina Nilsson, Swedish operatic soprano (d. 1921)
    August 31 – Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1919)
    September 4 – Ján Levoslav Bella, Slovak composer (d. 1936)
    September 29 – Mikhail Skobelev, Russian general (d. 1882)
    November 25 – Henry Ware Eliot, American industrialist, philanthropist and the father of T. S. Eliot (d. 1919)
    November 27 – Cornelius Vanderbilt II, American railway magnate (d. 1899)
    November 29 – Gertrude Jekyll, British garden designer, writer and artist (d. 1932)
    December 11 – Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch, German physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1910)
    December 28 – Colonel Prentiss Ingraham, American author of dime fiction (d. 1904)

Date unknown

    Owon, Korean painter (d. 1897)
        Pierre Lallement, French inventor of the bicycle (d. 1891)
        Eliza Moore, last American to have been a slave (d. 1948)


    January 11
        Antoine Bournonville, French ballet dancer and choreographer (b. 1760)
        Francis Scott Key, American songwriter of The Star-Spangled Banner (b. 1779)
    March 3 – David Porter, American naval officer (b. 1780)
    March 21
        Robert Southey, English poet (b. 1774)
        Guadalupe Victoria, Mexican revolutionary (b. 1786)
    March 25 – Robert Murray M'Cheyne, Scottish clergyman (b. 1813)
    March 27 – Karl Salomo Zachariae Von Lingenthal, German jurist (b. 1769)
    April 17 – Samuel Morey, American inventor (b. 1762)
    May 28 – Noah Webster, lexicographer (b. 1758)
    June 1 – William Abbot, English actor (b. 1798)
    June 6 – Friedrich Hölderlin, German writer (b. 1770)


    July or August – Sequoyah, creator of the Cherokee syllabary (b. c. 1767)
    July 7 – John Holmes, American politician (b. 1773)
    July 14 – Miguel de Álava, Spanish soldier and statesman (b. 1770)
    September 4 – Léopoldine Hugo, daughter of Victor Hugo (b. 1824)
    September 11 – Joseph Nicollet, geographer (b. 1786)
    September 16 – Ezekiel Hart, Canadian entrepreneur & politician (b. 1770 or 1767)
    November 28 – József Ficzkó, Burgenland Croatian writer (b. 1772)
    December 12 – King William I of the Netherlands (b. 1772)
    December 18 – Thomas Graham, Lord Lynedoch, British Governor-General of India (b. 1748)

Business seller information


Returns policy

After receiving the item, cancel the purchase within
Return postage
60 days
Seller pays return postage
The seller is responsible for return postage costs.
Return policy details
If you are unhappy with your item please return for a full refund. Thanks Richard

Questions and answers about this item

No questions or answers have been posted about this item.

Submit bid

Time left:
Current bid:
(Approximately ##1##)
Import charges:
Your maximum bid:
Your maximum bid:
Please read the full listing. By clicking Confirm bid you commit to buy this item from the seller if you are the winning bidder. You will enter a binding contract.
By clicking Confirm bid, you are committing to buy this item from the seller if you are the winning bidder and have read and agree to the Global Shipping Programme terms and conditions - opens in a new window or tab. Import charges previously quoted are subject to change if you increase you maximum bid amount.
Resume bidding, if the page does not update immediately.
Submit bid
Review and confirm your bid
Bid confirmation
Free P&P
See item description
(Approximately ##1##)
(Enter ##1## or more)
(Enter more than ##1##)
Your maximum bid:
Increase maximum bid
Submit bid
Confirm bid
Increase maximum bid
Change bid
, you've been outbid. Don't let it get away - bid again.
, you're the highest bidder on this item. Hope you win it.
, you're the first bidder. Hope you win.
, you're currently the high bidder, but you're close to getting outbid.
, this auction is almost over and you're currently the high bidder.
, you're the high bidder, but the reserve price hasn't been met.
Please enter your bid again.
Please enter a valid number as the bid price.
Enter an amount that is equal or greater than the minimum bid required. This can be found under the bid entry box.
Maximum bids can't be lowered once they're submitted.
This seller requires the buyer to have a PayPal account to purchase this item. Get a PayPal account here .
Your bid is greater than or equal to the Buy it now price. We recommend you purchase this item via Buy it now. If you still wish to bid, you may do so below.
Time left:
Current bid:
(approximately ##1##)
Your maximum bid:
(approximately ##1##)
Increase your maximum bid:
By clicking 1 Click Bid, you are agreeing to buy this item from the seller if you're the winning bidder. Learn moreabout 1-click bid - opens in a new window or tab
(approximately ##1##)
Winning bid:
Starting bid:
Congratulations The auction has ended and you're the winner.
The auction has ended, but the reserve price was not met.
Sorry, the auction has ended and you were outbid.
Good news, you're the highest bidder.
Sorry, you've been outbid.
You're the highest bidder, but the reserve price has not been met.
Please enter a higher amount than the current bid.
Maximum bids cannot be lowered once submitted.
Please enter a valid number.