24Kt Gold Plated
Forty Six Year old British Sixpence Coin from 1967
Would make excellent Christmas Pudding Suprise. Not just a sixpence but a golden sixpence!!
This is a British Three Pennce Coin from 1967 which has been 24Kt Gold Plated1967
was the last year the pre decimal coins were circulated and used by the
general public 1968 saw the first decimal coins minted
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Sixpence United Kingdom
Value 0.025 GBP
Mass 2.828g g
Diameter 19 mm
Thickness approx. 1 mm
Composition 1816-1920 [92.5% Ag ]
1921-1946 [50% Ag ]
1947-1967 [ Cupronickel ]
Years of minting 1551–1970
Obverses of the 1787 and 1818 sixpence depicting George III.
The sixpence, known colloquially as the tanner, or half-shilling, was a British pre-decimal coin, worth six (pre-1971) pence, or 1/40th of a pound sterling.
In England, the first sixpences were struck in the reign of Edward VI in 1551 and continued until they were rendered obsolete by decimalisation in 1971. Along with the shilling (12 pence) and the florin (2 shillings), the last general issue sixpence was issued in 1967 and a special proof version struck for inclusion in the farewell proof set of 1970. However, sixpences continued to be legal tender at a value of 2½ new pence until 30 June 1980. The shilling and the florin (two shillings) continued to be legal tender until sizes were reduced in 1992.
An 1816, George III, sixpence.
1946 Sixpence depicting George VI.
After the Great Recoinage of 1816, the mint coined each troy pound (weighing 5760 grains) of standard (0.925 fine) silver into 66 shillings, or its equivalent in other denominations. This effectively set the weight of the sixpence at 43.636 grains or 2.828 grams from 1816 until the last striking in 1970.
The silver content followed the pattern of other silver coins. They were sterling silver until 1920, when they were reduced to 50 percent silver. The last 50-percent-silver sixpence was minted in 1946; they were changed to 79% copper, 20% zinc, 1% nickel also known as cupro-nickel from 1947 onwards.
As the supply of silver threepence coins slowly disappeared, sixpences replaced them as the coins put into Christmas puddings; children would hope to be the lucky one to find the sixpence, no doubt also encouraging them to eat more pudding.
They have also been seen as a lucky charm for brides. There is an old rhyme which goes "Something old, something new / Something borrowed, something blue / And a sixpence for her (left) shoe."
They are also used as a good luck charm by Royal Air Force Aircrew who have them sewn behind their wings or brevets, a custom dating back to the Second World War.
In A Midsummer Night's Dream (Act 4, Scene 2), we learn that by his absence (ensorcelled in Titania's bower), Bottom the Weaver will forego sixpence a day for life from the Duke. In Elizabethan times, the sixpence was roughly a day's wage for rustic labour in the provinces. With it, one might buy two dinners, six performances of Hamlet among the groundlings at the Globe Theatre, or an unbound copy of the play itself.
"I've Got Sixpence" a traditional song, runs:
I've got sixpence. Jolly, jolly sixpence.
I've got sixpence to last me all my life.
I've got twopence to spend and twopence to lend
And twopence to send home to my wife.
An elaborated version was published in 1941, words and music by Elton Box & Desmond Cox.: the singer tells the tale of spending twopence (per verse) until he has "no-pence to send home to my wife - poor wife."
Brian May, guitarist from the British band Queen, uses a sixpence instead of a normal plectrum to play his guitar.
Sixpence None the Richer (also known as Sixpence) is an American rock/pop band whose name was inspired by a passage from the book Mere Christianity by C. S. Lewis.
Commemorative and bullion
Two shillings (florin)
Double florin (four shillings)
The penny of the Kingdom of Great Britain and later of the United
Kingdom, was in circulation from the early 18th century until February
1971, Decimal Day.
Twelve pence made one shilling; the penny was
therefore 1⁄240 of a pound. To express an amount, penny was abbreviated
to "d", e.g. 1d, from the Roman denarius.
Value 1 Penny
Mass 9.4 g
Diameter 31 mm
Years of minting 1860–1970
Design Edward VII
Design date 1902
Design date 1910
This article is part of the History of the English penny series.
The Anglo-Saxons (c. 600 – 1066)
Early Normans and the Anarchy (1066–1154)
Stuarts and Commonwealth (1603–1707)
20th century (1901–1970)
Decimal Day, 1971
One penny Two pence Five pence Ten pence Twenty pence Fifty pence One pound Two pounds
Commemorative and bullion
Twenty-five pence Five pounds Maundy money Quarter sovereign Half sovereign Sovereign Britannia
Third-farthing Half-farthing Farthing Halfpenny Penny Threepence Groat
Sixpence One shilling Two shillings (florin) Half crown Double florin
(four shillings) Crown Half guinea Guinea
sterling Coins of the pound sterling List of British banknotes and coins
Scottish coinage Coins of Ireland List of people on coins of the United
Coins of England
Sceat Penny (to 1066,
1066–1154, 1154–1485, 1485–1603, 1603–1707) Farthing Groat Shilling
Sixpence Three farthings Three halfpence Crown Half crown
penny (1216) Noble (1344) Florin (1344) Half Florin (1344) Quarter
Florin (1344) Angel (1465) Sovereign (1489) Crown of the Rose (1526)
Half crown (1526) Jacobus (James I) Rose Ryal (1604) Spur ryal (1604)
Unite (1604) Laurel (1619) Half laurel (1619) Carolus (Charles I) Triple
unite (1642) Fifty shillings (1656) Broad (1656)
Coins of England category
Types of British coinage
Falkland Islands Gibraltar Guernsey Isle of Man Jersey St Helena and Ascension United Kingdom
1967 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1967
Ab urbe condita 2720
Armenian calendar 1416
Assyrian calendar 6717
Bahá'í calendar 123–124
Bengali calendar 1374
Berber calendar 2917
British Regnal year 15 Eliz. 2 – 16 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2511
Burmese calendar 1329
Byzantine calendar 7475–7476
Chinese calendar 丙午年十一月廿一日
— to —
Coptic calendar 1683–1684
Ethiopian calendar 1959–1960
Hebrew calendar 5727–5728
- Vikram Samvat 2023–2024
- Shaka Samvat 1889–1890
- Kali Yuga 5068–5069
Holocene calendar 11967
Iranian calendar 1345–1346
Islamic calendar 1386–1387
Japanese calendar Shōwa 42
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4300
Minguo calendar ROC 56
Thai solar calendar 2510
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1967
Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.
1 – Canada begins a year-long celebration of the 100th anniversary of
the British North America Act, 1867, featuring the Expo 67 World's Fair.
January 4 – The Doors' self-titled debut album is released.
Spain and Romania sign in Paris an agreement establishing full consular and commercial relations (not diplomatic ones).
Charlie Chaplin launches his last film, A Countess From Hong Kong, in the UK.
January 6 – Vietnam War: USMC and ARVN troops launch Operation Deckhouse Five in the Mekong River Delta.
January 8 – Vietnam War: Operation Cedar Falls starts.
January 10 – Segregationist Lester Maddox is sworn in as Governor of Georgia.
January 12 – Dr. James Bedford becomes the first person to be cryonically preserved with the intent of future resuscitation.
January 13 – A military coup occurs in Togo under the leadership of Etienne Eyadema.
The New York Times reports that the U.S. Army is conducting secret germ warfare experiments.
The Human Be-In takes place in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco; the event sets the stage for the Summer of Love.
Louis Leakey announces the discovery of pre-human fossils in Kenya; he names the species Kenyapithecus africanus.
January 15 The first Super Bowl is played in Los Angeles The Green Bay Packers defeat the Kansas City Chiefs 35-10.
The United Kingdom enters the first round of negotiations for European Economic Community membership in Rome.
Albert DeSalvo (The Boston Strangler) is convicted of numerous crimes and sentenced to life in prison.
Jeremy Thorpe becomes leader of the UK's Liberal Party.
A Fistful of Dollars, the first significant "spaghetti Western" film, is released in the United States.
Munich, the trial begins of Wilhelm Harster, accused of the murder of
82,856 Jews (including Anne Frank) when he led German security police
during the German occupation of the Netherlands. He is eventually
sentenced to 15 years in prison.
The new town of Milton Keynes (England) is founded by Order in Council.
January 26 – The Parliament of the United Kingdom decides to nationalize 90% of the British steel industry.
1: U.S. astronauts Gus Grissom, Edward Higgins White, and Roger Chaffee
are killed when fire breaks out in their Apollo spacecraft during a
launch pad test.
The United States, Soviet Union and United Kingdom sign the Outer Space Treaty.
January 31 – West Germany and Romania establish diplomatic relations.
February 2 – The American Basketball Association is formed.
3 – Ronald Ryan becomes the last man hanged in Australia, for murdering
a guard while escaping from prison in December 1965.
February 4 – The Soviet Union protests the demonstrations before its embassy in Beijing.
NASA launches Lunar Orbiter 3.
Italy's first guided missile cruiser, the Vittorio Veneto (C550), is launched.
General Anastasio Somoza Debayle becomes president of Nicaragua.
February 6 – Alexei Kosygin arrives in the UK for an 8-day visit. He meets The Queen on February 9.
Chinese government announces that it can no longer guarantee the safety
of Soviet diplomats outside the Soviet Embassy building.
Serious bushfires in southern Tasmania claim 62 lives, and destroys 2,642.7 square kilometres (653,025.4 acres) of land.
Mazenod College, Victoria opens in Australia.
February 10 – The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution (presidential succession and disability) is ratified.
11 – Burgess Ice Rise lying off the west coast of Alexander Island,
Antarctica is first mapped by the British Antarctic Survey (BAS).
February 13 – American researchers discover the Madrid Codices by Leonardo da Vinci in the National Library of Spain.
February 14 – Respect is recorded by Aretha Franklin (to be released in April).
February 15 – The Soviet Union announces that it has sent troops near the Chinese border.
18 – New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison claims he will solve
the John F. Kennedy assassination, and that a conspiracy was planned in
Suharto takes power from Sukarno in Indonesia (see Transition to the New Order and Supersemar).
Donald Sangster becomes the new Prime Minister of Jamaica, succeeding Alexander Bustamante.
Trinidad and Tobago is the first Commonwealth nation to join the Organization of American States.
The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution is enacted.
February 24 – Moscow forbids its satellite states to form diplomatic relations with West Germany.
The Chinese government announces that it has ordered the army to help in the spring seeding.
Britain's second Polaris missile submarine, HMS Renown, is launched.
February 26 – A Soviet nuclear test is conducted at the Semipalatinsk Test Site, Eastern Kazakhstan.
February 27 – The Dutch government supports British EEC membership.
The city of Hatogaya, Saitama, Japan is founded.
Brazilian police arrest Franz Stangl, ex-commander of Treblinka and Sobibór concentration camps.
The Red Guards return to schools in China.
The Queen Elizabeth Hall is opened in London.
The first North Sea gas is pumped ashore at Easington, East Riding of Yorkshire.
Park Rangers become the first 3rd Division side to win the League Cup
at Wembley Stadium, defeating West Bromwich Albion 3–2.
March 7 – Jimmy Hoffa begins his 8-year sentence for attempting to bribe a jury.
March 9 – Joseph Stalin's daughter, Svetlana Alliluyeva, defects to the USA via the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.
The Indonesian State Assembly takes all presidential powers from Sukarno and names Suharto as acting president.
Velvet Underground's groundbreaking first album, The Velvet Underground
& Nico, is released. It is initially a disaster but receives
widespread critical and commercial acclaim in later years.
March 13 – Moise Tshombe, ex-prime minister of Congo, is sentenced to death in absentia.
The body of U.S. President John F. Kennedy is moved to a permanent burial place at Arlington National Cemetery.
executives of the German pharmaceutical company Grunenthal are charged
for breaking German drug laws because of thalidomide.
March 16 – In
the Aspida case in Greece, 15 officers are sentenced to 2–18 years in
prison, accused of treason and intentions of staging a coup.
March 18 – The supertanker Torrey Canyon runs aground in between Land's End and the Scilly Isles.
March 19 – A referendum in French Somaliland favors the connection to France.
March 21 – A military coup takes place in Sierra Leone.
March 26 – 10,000 gather for the Central Park Be-In.
March 28 – Pope Paul VI issues the encyclical Populorum Progressio.
A 13-day TV strike begins in the U.S.
The first French nuclear submarine, Le Redoutable, is launched.
The SEACOM telephone cable is inaugurated.
Fleet Air Arm and Royal Air Force bomb the Torrey Canyon and sink her.
March 31 – U.S. President Lyndon Johnson signs the Consular Treaty.
2 – A United Nations delegation arrives in Aden due to approaching
independence. They leave April 7, accusing British authorities of lack
of cooperation. The British say the delegation did not contact them.
April 4 – Martin Luther King, Jr. denounces the Vietnam War during a religious service in New York City.
April 6 – Georges Pompidou begins to form the next French government.
April 7 – Six-Day War (approach): Israeli fighters shoot down 7 Syrian MIG-21s.
8 – Puppet On A String by Sandie Shaw (music and text by Bill Martin
and Phil Coulter) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1967 for United
April 9 – The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) takes its maiden flight.
AFTRA strike is settled just in time for the 39th Academy Awards
ceremony to be held, hosted by Bob Hope. Best Picture goes to A Man for
Oral arguments begin in the landmark U.S. Supreme Court
case Loving v. Virginia, 388 U.S. 1 (1967), challenging the State of
Virginia's statutory scheme to prevent marriages between persons solely
on the basis of racial classifications.
April 12 – The Ahmanson Theatre opens in Los Angeles.
April 13 – Conservatives win the Greater London Council elections.
April 14 – In San Francisco, 10,000 march against the Vietnam War.
April 15 – Large demonstrations are held against the Vietnam War in New York City and San Francisco.
Surveyor 3 probe lands on the Moon.
A Globe Air Bristol Britannia turboprop crashes at Nicosia, Cyprus, killing 126 people.
is taken over by a military dictatorship led by George Papadopoulos;
future-Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou political prisoner to December
An outbreak of tornadoes strikes the upper Midwest section of the
United States (in particular the Chicago area, including the suburbs of
Belvidere and Oak Lawn, Illinois, where 33 people are killed and 500
April 23 – A group of young radicals are expelled from the
Nicaraguan Socialist Party (PSN). This group goes on to found the
Socialist Workers Party (POS).
April 24 – Soyuz 1: Vladimir Komarov
becomes the first Soviet cosmonaut to die, when the parachute of his
space capsule fails during re-entry.
April 27 – Montreal, Quebec,
Expo 67, a World's Fair to coincide with the Canadian Confederation
centennial, officially opens with Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson
igniting the Expo Flame in the Place des Nations.
In Houston, Texas, boxer Muhammad Ali refuses military service.
67 opens to the public, with over 310,000 people attending. Al Carter
from Chicago is the first visitor as noted by Expo officials.
U.S. aerospace manufacturer McDonnell Douglas is formed through a merger
of McDonnell Aircraft and Douglas Aircraft. (becomes part of The Boeing
Company three decades later)
April 29 – Fidel Castro announces that
all intellectual property belongs to the people and that Cuba intends to
translate and publish technical literature without compensation.
April 30 – Moscow's 537m-tall TV tower is finished.
Elvis Presley and Priscilla Beaulieu are married in Las Vegas.
GO Transit, Canada's first interregional public transit system, is established.
Toronto Maple Leafs win the Stanley Cup. It was their last Stanley Cup
and last finals appearance to date. It would turn out to be the last
game in the original six era. Six more teams would be added in the fall.
Harold Wilson announces that the United Kingdom has decided to apply for EEC membership.
May 4 – Lunar Orbiter 4 is launched by the United States.
Dr. Zakir Hussain is the first Muslim to become president of India.
hundred students seize the administration building at Cheyney State
College, now Cheyney University of Pennsylvania, the oldest institute
for higher education for African Americans.
Hong Kong 1967 riots: Clashes between striking workers and police kill 51 and injure 800.
May 8 – The Philippine province of Davao is split into three: Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, and Davao Oriental.
May 10 – The Greek military government accuses Andreas Papandreou of treason.
May 11 – The United Kingdom and Ireland apply officially for European Economic Community membership.
Syria mobilizes against Israel.
Gamal Abdal Nasser of Egypt demands withdrawal of the peacekeeping UN
Emergency Force in the Sinai. U.N. Secretary-General U Thant complies
Tennessee Governor Ellington repeals the "Monkey Law" (officially the Butler Act; see the Scopes Trial).
Mexico, schoolteacher Lucio Cabañas begins guerrilla warfare in Atoyac
de Alvarez, west of Acapulco, in the state of Guerrero.
announces the crew for the Apollo 7 space mission (first manned Apollo
flight): Walter M. Schirra, Jr., Donn F. Eisele, and R. Walter
The Soviet Union ratifies a treaty with the United States and the United Kingdom, banning nuclear weapons from outer space.
Yuri Andropov becomes KGB chief.
22 – The Innovation department store in the centre of Brussels, Belgium
burns down. It is the most devastating fire in Belgian history,
resulting in 323 dead and missing and 150 injured.
May 23 – Egypt
closes the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping, blockading Israel's
southern port of Eilat, and Israel's entire Red Sea coastline.
May 25 - Celtic Football Club become the first non-Latin football club to win the European Cup / Champions League.
May 25 - The 25th Amendment is added to the Constitution of the United States.
Guerrilla War: Beginning with a peasant uprising in the town of
Naxalbari, this Marxist/Maoist rebellion sputters on in the Indian
countryside. The guerrillas operate among the impoverished peasants,
fighting both the government security forces and private paramilitary
groups funded by wealthy landowners. Most fighting takes place in the
states of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh.
Australian referendum, 1967 passes with an overwhelming 90% support,
removing, from the Australian Constitution, 2 discriminatory sentences
referring to Indigenous Australians. It signifies Australia's first step
in recognising Indigenous rights.
The Folk-Rock band Fairport Convention plays their first gig in Golders Green, north London.
May 30 – Biafra, in eastern Nigeria, announces its independence.
June – Moshe Dayan becomes Israel's Minister of Defense.
1 – The Beatles legendary release of Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club
Band, nicknamed "The Soundtrack of the Summer of Love"; it would be
number one on the albums charts throughout the summer of 1967.
in West Berlin against the arrival of the Shah of Iran turn into
fights, during which 27-year-old Benno Ohnesorg is killed by a police
officer. His death results in the founding of the terrorist group
Movement 2 June.
Luis Monge is executed in Colorado's gas chamber, in the last pre-Furman execution in the United States.
June 4 – Stockport Air Disaster: British Midland flight G-ALHG crashes in Hopes Carr, Stockport, killing 72 passengers and crew.
Murderer Richard Speck is sentenced to death in the electric chair for killing eight student nurses in Chicago.
Six-Day War: Israel occupies the West Bank, Gaza Strip, Sinai peninsula and Golan Heights after defeating its Arab neighbours.
June 7 – Two Moby Grape members are arrested for contributing to the delinquency of minors.
8 – Six-Day War – USS Liberty incident: Israeli fighter jets and
Israeli warships fire at the USS Liberty off Gaza, killing 34 and
Israel and Syria agree to a United Nations-mediated cease-fire.
The Soviet Union severs diplomatic relations with Israel.
Margrethe, heir apparent to the throne of Denmark, marries French count Henri de Laborde de Monpezat.
11 – A race riot occurs in Tampa, Florida after the shooting death of
Martin Chambers by police while allegedly robbing a camera store. The
unrest lasts several days.
Loving v. Virginia: The United
States Supreme Court declares all U.S. state laws prohibiting
interracial marriage to be unconstitutional.
Venera 4 is launched by the Soviet Union (the first space probe to enter
another planet's atmosphere and successfully return data).
June 13 –
Solicitor General Thurgood Marshall is nominated as the first African
American justice of the United States Supreme Court.
Mariner program: Mariner 5 is launched toward Venus.
The People's Republic of China tests its first hydrogen bomb.
14–June 15 – Glenn Gould records Prokofiev's Seventh Piano Sonata, Op.
83, in New York City (his only recording of a Prokofiev composition).
June 16 – The Monterey Pop Festival begins and is held for 3 days.
June 17 – The People's Republic of China announces a successful hydrogen bomb test.
June 18 - Eighteen British officers killed in Aden police mutiny. 
23 – Cold War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson meets with Soviet
Premier Alexei Kosygin in Glassboro, New Jersey, for the 3-day Glassboro
Summit Conference. Johnson travels to Los Angeles for a dinner at the
Century Plaza Hotel where earlier in the day thousands of war protesters
clashed with L.A. police.
June 25 – 400 million viewers watch Our
World, the first live, international, satellite television production.
It features the live debut of The Beatles' song "All You Need is Love".
Pope Paul VI ordains 276 new cardinals (one of whom is the future Pope John Paul II).
The Buffalo Race Riot begins, lasting until July 1; leads to 200 arrests.
Plaque commemorating installation of world's first bank cash machine
June 27 – The first automatic cash machine (voucher-based) is installed, in the office of the Barclays Bank in Enfield, England.
June 28 – Israel declares the annexation of East Jerusalem.
30 – Moise Tshombe, former President of Katanga and former prime
minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is kidnapped to
Canada celebrates its first one hundred years of Confederation.
joined with European Coal and Steel Community and European Atomic
Community to form the European Communities (from the 1980s usually known
as European Community [EC]).
The first UK colour television
broadcasts begin on BBC2. The first one is from the tennis championship
at Wimbledon. A full colour service begins on BBC2 on December 2.
American Samoa's first constitution becomes effective.
July 3 – A military rebellion led by Belgian mercenary Jean Schramme begins in Katanga, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
July 4 – The British Parliament decriminalizes homosexuality.
5 – Troops of Belgian mercenary commander Jean Schramme revolt against
Mobutu Sese Seko, and try to take control of Stanleyville, Congo.
Biafran War: Nigerian forces invade Biafra, following the latter's secession May 30.
level crossing collision between a train loaded with children and a
tanker-truck near Magdeburg, East Germany kills 94 people, mostly
Heavy massive rains and a landslide at Kobe and Kure, Hiroshima, Japan, kill at least 371.
New Zealand decimalise its currency from pound to dollar at £1 to $2 ($1 = 10/-).
The Greek military regime strips 480 Greeks of their citizenship.
Newark riots: After the arrest of an African-American cab driver for
allegedly illegally driving around a police car and gunning it down the
road, race riots break out in Newark, New Jersey, lasting six days and
leaving 26 dead.
July 14 – Near Newark, New Jersey, the Plainfield, NJ, riots also occur.
July 16 – A prison riot in Jay, Florida leaves 37 dead.
18 – The United Kingdom announces the closing of its military bases in
Malaysia and Singapore. Australia and the U.S. disapprove.
July 19 – A
race riot breaks out in the North Side of Minneapolis on Plymouth
Street during the Minneapolis Aquatennial Parade and business are
vandalized and fires break out in the area, although the disturbance is
quelled within hours. However, the next day a shooting sets off another
incident in the same area that leads to 18 fires, 36 arrests, 3
shootings, 2 dozen people injured, and damages totaling 4.2 million.
There will be two more such incidents in the following two weeks.
July 20 – Chilean poet Pablo Neruda receives the first Viareggio-Versile prize.
21 – The town of Winneconne, Wisconsin, announces secession from the
United States because it is not included in the official maps and
declares war. Secession is repealed the next day.
July 23 – 12th
Street Riot/Detroit Race Riots: In Detroit, Michigan, one of the worst
riots in United States history begins on 12th Street in the
predominantly African American inner city: 43 are killed, 342 injured
and 1,400 buildings burned.
July 24 – During an official state visit
to Canada, French President Charles de Gaulle declares to a crowd of
over 100,000 in Montreal: Vive le Québec libre! (Long live free
Quebec!). The statement, interpreted as support for Quebec independence,
delights many Quebecers but angers the Canadian government and many
An explosion and fire aboard the U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS Forrestal in the Gulf of Tonkin leaves 134 dead.
Georges Bidault moves to Belgium where he receives political asylum.
An earthquake in Caracas, Venezuela leaves 240 dead.
30 – The 1967 Milwaukee race riots begin, lasting through August 2 and
leading to a ten-day shutdown of the city from August 1.
August 1 - Race riots in the United States spread to Washington, D.C..
August 2 – The Turkish football club Trabzonspor is established in Trabzon.
August 5 – Pink Floyd releases their debut album The Piper at the Gates of Dawn in the United Kingdom.
6 – A pulsar is noted by Jocelyn Bell and Antony Hewish. The discovery
is first recorded in print in 1968: "An entirely novel kind of star came
to light on Aug. 6 last year [...]". The date of the discovery is not
Vietnam War: The People's Republic of China agrees to give North Vietnam an undisclosed amount of aid in the form of a grant.
A general strike in the old quarter of Jerusalem protests Israel's unification of the city.
August 8 – The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is founded in Bangkok, Thailand.
August 9 – Vietnam War – Operation Cochise: United States Marines begin a new operation in the Que Son Valley.
August 10 – Belgian mercenary Jean Schramme's troops take the Congolese border town of Bukavu.
August 13 – Night of the Grizzlies sparks national concern over bear drama, from PBS in Montana's Glacier National Park.
14 – Wonderful Radio London shuts down at 3:00 PM in anticipation of
the Marine Broadcasting Offences Act. Many fans greet the staff upon
their return to London that evening with placards reading "Freedom died
with Radio London."
August 15 – The United Kingdom Marine
Broadcasting Offences Act declares participation in offshore pirate
radio illegal. Radio Caroline defies the Act and continues broadcasting.
August 18 – The State of Tamil Nadu, India is established.
19 – West Germany receives 36 East German prisoners it has "purchased"
through the border posts of Herleshausen and Wartha.
A truce is declared in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The People's Republic of China announces that it has shot down United States planes violating its airspace.
August 25 – American Nazi Party leader George Lincoln Rockwell is assassinated in Arlington, Virginia.
August 27 – East Coast Wrestling Association is established.
August 30 – Thurgood Marshall is confirmed as the first African American Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
The Khmer–Chinese Friendship Association is banned in Cambodia
Ilse Koch, also known as the "Witch of Buchenwald", commits suicide in the Bavarian prison of Aichach.
Nguyen Van Thieu is elected President of South Vietnam.
in Sweden: At 5:00 a.m. local time, all traffic in the country switches
from left-hand traffic pattern to right-hand traffic.
September 4 –
Vietnam War – Operation Swift: The United States Marines launch a search
and destroy mission in Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces. The ensuing
4-day battle in Que Son Valley kills 114 Americans and 376 North
September 9 – Fashion Island, one of California's first outdoor shopping malls, opens in Newport Beach.
September 10 – In Gibraltar, only 44 out of 12,182 voters support union with Spain.
A riot during a football match in Kayseri, Turkey leaves 44 dead, about 600 injured.
Morrison and The Doors defy CBS censors on The Ed Sullivan Show, when
Morrison sings the word "higher" from their #1 hit Light My Fire,
despite having been asked not to.
September 18 – Love Is a Many
Splendored Thing debuts on U.S. daytime television and is the first soap
opera to deal with an interracial relationship. CBS censors find it too
controversial and ask for it to be stopped, causing show creator Irna
Phillips to quit.
September 27 – The RMS Queen Mary arrives in Southampton, at the end of her last transatlantic voyage.
September 30 – BBC Radio 1, BBC Radio 2, BBC Radio 3 and BBC Radio 4 are all launched.
3 – An X-15 research aircraft with test pilot William J. Knight
establishes an unofficial world fixed-wing speed record of Mach 6.7.
October 4 – Omar Ali Saifuddin III of Brunei abdicates in favour of his son, His Majesty Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah.
October 6 – Southern California's Pacific Ocean Park closes down, known as the Disneyland by the sea.
October 8 – Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia.
War: U.S. Secretary of State Dean Rusk states during a news conference
that proposals by the U.S. Congress for peace initiatives are futile,
because of North Vietnam's opposition.
Desmond Morris publishes The Naked Ape.
October 14 – Quebec Nationalism: René Lévesque leaves the Liberal Party.
16 – Thirty-nine people, including singer-activist Joan Baez, are
arrested in Oakland, California, for blocking the entrance of that
city's military induction center.
The musical Hair opens off-Broadway. It moves to Broadway the following April.
Vietnam War: Battle of Ong Thanh
War: Students at the University of Wisconsin-Madison protest over
recruitment by Dow Chemical on the University campus. 76 are injured in
the resulting riot.
Walt Disney's 19th full-length animated feature
The Jungle Book, the last animated film personally supervised by Disney,
is released and becomes an enormous box-office and critical success. On
a double bill with the film is the (now) much less well-known true-life
adventure, Charlie the Lonesome Cougar.
October 19 – The Mariner 5 probe flies by Venus.
20 - Patterson-Gimlin film, Roger Patterson and Robert Gimlin's famous
film of an unidentified animate cryptid, thought to be Bigfoot or
Sasquatch, is recorded at Bluff Creek, California.
of thousands of Vietnam War protesters march in Washington, D.C.. Allen
Ginsberg symbolically chants to 'levitate' The Pentagon.
surface-to-surface missile sinks the Israeli destroyer Eilat, killing
47 Israeli sailors. Israel retaliates by shelling Egyptian refineries
along the Suez Canal.
October 25 – An abortion bill passes in the British Parliament.
Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran is officially crowned.
Navy pilot John McCain is shot down over North Vietnam and made a POW.
His capture will be announced in the NY Times and Washington Post two
Charles De Gaulle vetoes British entry into the European Economic Community again.
London criminal Jack McVitie is murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall.
Mobutu's troops launch an offensive against mercenaries in Bukavu, Congo.
The Montreal, Quebec Expo 67 closes, having received over 50 million attendees.
October 30 – Hong Kong 1967 riots: British troops and Chinese demonstrators clash on the border of China and Hong Kong.
2 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson holds a secret
meeting with a group of the nation's most prestigious leaders ("the Wise
Men") and asks them to suggest ways to unite the American people behind
the war effort. They conclude that the American people should be given
more optimistic reports on the progress of the war.
November 3 –
Vietnam War – Battle of Dak To: Around Dak To (located about 280 miles
north of Saigon near the Cambodian border), heavy casualties are
suffered on both sides (the Americans narrowly win the battle on
November 4–November 5 – Mercenaries of Jean Schramme and Jerry Puren withdraw from Bukavu, over the Shangugu Bridge, to Rwanda.
November 6 – The Rhodesian parliament passes pro-Apartheid laws.
President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967,
establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
Carl B. Stokes is elected mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, becoming the first African American mayor of a major United States city.
The 50th Anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution is celebrated in the Soviet Union.
November 8 – The BBC's first local radio station (BBC Radio Leicester) is launched.
9 – Apollo program: NASA launches the first Saturn V rocket,
successfully carrying the unmanned Apollo 4 test spacecraft from Cape
Kennedy into Earth orbit.
November 11 – Vietnam War: In a propaganda
ceremony in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 3 United States prisoners of war are
released by the Viet Cong and turned over to "New Left" antiwar activist
November 14 – The Congress of Colombia in commemoration
of the 150-year anniversary of the death of Policarpa Salavarrieta,
declares this day as the "Day of the Colombian Woman".
Grivas and his 10,000 strong Greek Army division are forced to leave
Cyprus, after 24 Turkish Cypriot civilians are killed by the Greek
Cypriot National Guard in the villages of Kophinou and Ayios Theodhoros;
relations sour between Nicosia and Athens. Turkey flies sorties into
Greek territory, and masses troops in Thrace on her border with Greece.
pilot Michael Adams is killed when his X-15 rocket plane tumbles out of
control during atmospheric re-entry and disintegrates.
War: Acting on optimistic reports he was given on November 13, U.S.
President Lyndon B. Johnson tells his nation that, while much remained
to be done, "We are inflicting greater losses than we're taking...We are
making progress." (2 months later the Tet Offensive by the Viet Cong
makes it appear, to those watching news reports, that progress is not
French author Régis Debray is sentenced to 30 years imprisonment in Bolivia.
November 18 – The UK pound is devalued from 1 GBP = 2.80 USD to 1 GBP = 2.40 USD.
21 – Vietnam War: United States General William Westmoreland tells news
reporters: "I am absolutely certain that whereas in 1965 the enemy was
winning, today he is certainly losing."
November 22 – UN Security
Council Resolution 242 is adopted by the UN Security Council,
establishing a set of principles aimed at guiding negotiations for an
Arab–Israeli peace settlement.
November 26 – Major floods hit Lisbon, Portugal, killing 462.
27 – The Beatles release Magical Mystery Tour in the US as a full
album. The songs added to the original six songs on the double EP
include All You Need Is Love, Penny Lane, Strawberry Fields Forever,
Baby, You're a Rich Man and Hello, Goodbye. Release as a double EP will
not take place in the UK until December.
November 29 – Vietnam War:
U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara announces his resignation to
become president of the World Bank. This action is due to U.S. President
Lyndon B. Johnson's outright rejection of McNamara's early November
recommendations to freeze troop levels, stop bombing North Vietnam and
hand over ground fighting to South Vietnam.
Ali Bhutto founds the Pakistan People's Party and becomes its first
chairman. Today it is one of the major political parties in Pakistan
(alongside the Pakistan Muslim League) that is broken into many
factions, bearing the same name under different leaders, such as the
Pakistan's Peoples Party Parliamentarians (PPPP).
The People's Republic of South Yemen becomes independent of the United Kingdom.
Senator Eugene McCarthy announces his candidacy for the Democratic
Party presidential nomination, challenging incumbent President Lyndon B.
Johnson over the Vietnam War.
December 1 – The RMS Queen Mary is retired. Her place is taken by the RMS Queen Elizabeth 2.
December 3 – Christiaan Barnard carries out the world's first heart transplant at Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town.
At 6:50 PM, a volcano erupts on Deception Island in Antarctica.
War: U.S. and South Vietnamese forces engage Viet Cong troops in the
Mekong Delta (235 of the 300-strong Viet Cong battalion are killed).
December 5 – In New York City, Benjamin Spock and Allen Ginsberg are arrested for protesting against the Vietnam War.
8 – Magical Mystery Tour is released by The Beatles as a double EP in
the U.K. and also the only psychedelic rock album of The Rolling Stones,
Their Satanic Majesties Request in the U.K and in the U.S.A.
December 9 – Nicolae Ceauşescu becomes the Chairman of the Romanian State Council, making him the de facto leader of Romania.
December 11 – Supersonic airliner Concorde is unveiled in Toulouse, France.
December 13 – King Constantine II of Greece flees the country when his coup attempt fails.
15 – The Silver Bridge over the Ohio River in Point Pleasant, West
Virginia, collapses, killing 46 people. It has been linked to the
so-called Mothman mystery.
December 17 – Harold Holt, Australian prime minister, disappears when swimming at a beach 60 km from Melbourne.
December 19 – Professor John Archibald Wheeler uses the term Black Hole for the first time.
December 26 – The Beatles film Magical Mystery Tour (film) receives its world premier on BBC Television in the UK
Green Bay Packers become the first team in the modern era to win their
third consecutive NFL Championship, 21-17 over the Dallas Cowboys in
what became known as "The Ice Bowl".
Motorcycle daredevil Evel
Knievel attempted to jump 141 feet over the Caesars Palace Fountains on
the Las Vegas Strip. Knievel crashed on landing and the accident was
caught on film.
St Christopher's Hospice, the world's
first purpose-built secular hospice specialising in palliative care of
the terminally ill, is established in South London by Cicely
Warner Bros. Pictures becomes a wholly owned subsidiary of Seven Arts Productions, thus becoming Warner Bros.-Seven Arts.
The Jari project begins in the Amazon.
Albania is officially declared an atheist state by its leader, Enver Hoxha.
The University of Winnipeg is founded in Canada.
Lonsdaleite (the rarest allotrope of carbon) is first discovered in the Barringer Crater, Arizona.
lost city is discovered on the island of Thera, buried under volcanic
debris. It has been suggested that Plato may have heard legends about
this, and used them as the germ of his story of Atlantis.
PAL is first introduced in Germany.
The Summer of Love is held in San Francisco.
Lech Wałęsa goes to work in Gdańsk shipyards.
Benjamin Netanyahu joins the Israeli Army.
The Greek military junta exiles Melina Mercouri.
Parker Morris Standards become mandatory for all housing built in New Towns in the UK.
Gabriel García Márquez's influential novel One Hundred Years of Solitude is published (in Spanish).
The first edition of the book, A Short History of Pakistan, is published by Karachi University, Pakistan.
Fernand Braudel begins publication of Civilisation matérielle, économie et capitalisme, XVe-XVIIIe siècle.
January 1 – Sunny Chan, Hong Kong TVB actor
January 2 – Tia Carrere, American actress
January 4 – Marina Orsini, Canadian actress
January 5 – Joe Flanigan, American actor
January 7 – Mark Lamarr, British comedian/TV and radio presenter
January 8 – R. Kelly, American R&B singer/songwriter/producer
Dave Matthews, South African–born musician
Dale Gordon, English footballer
January 12 – Vendela Kirsebom, Swedish supermodel
Sharon Beshenivsky, West Yorkshire police constable (d. 2005)
Leonardo "Leo" Ortolani, Italian comic book author
January 15 – Lisa Lisa, American singer
January 17 – Song Kang-ho, Korean actor
January 18 – Iván Zamorano, Chilean footballer
January 21 – Artashes Minasian, Armenian chess grand master
January 22 – Eleanor McEvoy, Irish singer-songwriter
January 23 – Naim Süleymanoğlu, Turkish weightlifter
January 24 – John Myung, American musician
Voltaire, Cuban singer
Nozomu Sasaki, Japanese voice actor
January 26 – Toshiyuki Morikawa, Japanese voice actor
January 28 – Jan Lamb, Hong Kong singer and actor
January 29 – Khalid Skah, Moroccan long-distance runner
January 31 – Joey Wong, Taiwanese actress
February 1 – Meg Cabot, American teen author
Chris Parnell, American actor and comedian (Saturday Night Live)
Frederick Pitcher, Nauruan politician
February 6 – Izumi Sakai, Japanese singer (Zard) (d. 2007)
February 7 – Cheung Man, Hong Kong actress
Todd Pratt, American baseball player
Dan Shulman, Canadian sports announcer
Laura Dern, American actress
Armand Serrano, Filipino animator
Vince Gilligan, American writer, director and producer (creator of Breaking Bad)
February 11 – Hank Gathers, American college basketball player
February 12 – Chitravina N. Ravikiran, Indian composer and musician
February 14 – Mark Rutte, Dutch politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands since 2010.
February 15 – Trond Egil Soltvedt, Norwegian footballer
Marco Aurélio, Brazilian footballer
Roberto Baggio, Italian football player
John Valentin, American baseball player
Benicio del Toro, Puerto Rican actor
February 19 – Sven Erik Kristiansen Norwegian Black metal and hardcore punk singer (Maniac)
Kurt Cobain, American musician (Nirvana) (d. 1994)
Andrew Shue, American actor
February 23 – Tamsin Greig, English actress
February 26 – Kazuyoshi Miura, Japanese footballer
March 1 – George Eads, American actor
March 3 - Hans Teeuwen, Dutch comedian
March 4 – Daryll Cullinan, South African cricketer
March 10- Omer Tarin, Pakistani/South Asian poet, writer and scholar
John Barrowman, Scottish-born actor
George Gray, American comedian and game show announcer
March 12 – Massimiliano Frezzato, Italian comic writer
March 13 – Andres Escobar, Colombian football player (d. 1994)
March 15 - Naoko Takeuchi, Japanese artist
March 16 – Lauren Graham, American actress
March 17 – Billy Corgan, American musician and songwriter
March 18 – Andre Rison, American pro football player
March 19 – Mary Scheer, American actress
Jonas "Joker" Berggren, Swedish rock musician (Ace of Base)
Adrian Chiles, British television and radio presenter
March 22 – Mario Cipollini, Italian cyclist
March 25 – Debi Thomas, American figure skater
March 26 – Mark Carroll, Australian rugby league footballer
Talisa Soto, American actress
Kenta Kobashi, Japanese professional wrestler
March 29 – Brian Jordan, American baseball player
March 30 – Christopher Bowman, American figure skater (d. 2008)
April 5 – Anu Garg, Indian-American writer and speaker
April 6 – Mika Koivuniemi, Finnish ten-pin bowler
April 9 – Alex Kahn, American artist
April 14 – Jeff Jarrett, American professional wrestler
April 15 - Dara Torres, American swimmer
Marquis Grissom, American baseball player
Kimberly Elise, American actress
Liz Phair, American musician
April 18 – Maria Bello, American actress
Mike Portnoy, American musician
Raymond van Barneveld, Dutch darts player
Sheryl Lee, American actress
Sherri Shepherd, American comedian and TV show host
April 23 – Melina Kanakaredes, American actress
Glenn Jacobs (Kane), American professional wrestler
Marianne Jean-Baptiste, American actress
April 27 – Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange, Dutch heir apparent
Curtis Joseph, Canadian hockey player
Rachel Williams, American model, actress, and TV presenter
May 1 – Kenny Hotz, Canadian entertainer
May 4 – Akiko Yajima, Japanese voice actress
May 5 – Takehito Koyasu, Japanese voice actor
May 10 – Nobuhiro Takeda, Japanese footballer and sportscaster
May 14 – Tony Siragusa, American football player
May 15 – John Smoltz, American baseball player
Geraldine Somerville, Irish actress
Massimo Taccon, Italian painter, sculptor and writer
May 20 - Ramzi Yousef, Islamic terrorist; one of the main perpetrators of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing
May 21 – Chris Benoit, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 2007)
May 22 - Brooke Smith, American actress
Andrey Borodin, Russian banker
Bruno Putzulu, French actor
Heavy D, Jamaican-born American actor, rapper (d. 2011)
May 25 – Poppy Z. Brite, American author
May 27 – Paul Gascoigne, English footballer (Newcastle United, England & Middlesbrough)
May 28 - Glen Rice, American basketball player
May 29 – Noel Gallagher, British musician (Oasis)
Phil Keoghan, New Zealand-born television host
Kenny Lofton, American baseball player
Anderson Cooper, American television journalist
Tamás Darnyi, Hungarian swimmer
Joe DeLoach, American athlete
Ron Livingston, American actor
June 6 – Paul Giamatti, American actor
Efan Ekoku, Nigerian footballer
Jasmin Tabatabai, German/Iranian actress and musician
June 9 – Rubén Maza, Venezuelan long-distance runner
June 10 – Darren "Buffy, the Human Beatbox" Robinson, American rapper (The Fat Boys) (d. 1995)
June 15 – Yūji Ueda, Japanese voice actor
June 16 - Jürgen Klopp, German footballer
Bjørn Dæhlie, Norwegian skier
Mia Sara, American actress
June 20 – Nicole Kidman, American-born Australian actress
June 21 – Jim Breuer, former Saturday Night Live cast member and stand up comedian
June 23 – Yoko Minamino, Japanese Idol star and actress
Bill Huard, Canadian ice hockey player
Richard Z. Kruspe, German rock musician (Rammstein)
Janez Lapajne, Slovenian film director
June 26 – Kaori Asoh, Japanese voice actress and singer
July 1 – Pamela Anderson, Canadian actress and model
Vinny Castilla, Mexican Major League Baseball player
Andy Walker, Canadian television personality
July 5 – Silvia Ziche, Italian comics artist
July 8 – Jordan Chan, Hong Kong singer and actor
Gunnar Axén, Swedish politician
Mark Stoops, American football coach
July 11 – John Henson, American TV show host
John Petrucci, American musician
Count Jefferson von Pfeil und Klein-Ellguth
July 13 – Akira Hokuto, Japanese women's professional wrestler
July 14 – Robin Ventura, American baseball player
Michael Tse, Hong Kong actor
Adam Savage, American TV show host
July 16 – Will Ferrell, American comedian and actor
July 18 – Vin Diesel, American actor
July 19 – Rageh Omaar, broadcaster
July 23 – Philip Seymour Hoffman, American actor
July 25 – Matt LeBlanc, American actor
July 28 – Taka Hirose, Japanese musician (Feeder)
July 30 – A. W. Yrjänä, Finnish rock musician and poet
Minako Honda, Japanese singer and musical actress (d. 2005)
Elizabeth Wurtzel, author and feminist
August 3 – Mathieu Kassovitz, French movie director and actor
August 4 – Michael Marsh, American athlete
August 5 – Thomas Lang, Austrian drummer
August 7 – Charlotte Lewis, English actress
Rena Mero, American wrestler, model and actress
Yuki Amami, Japanese actress
August 9 – Deion Sanders, American pro football and baseball player
August 10 – Riddick Bowe, American boxer
Collin Chou, Taiwanese martial arts actor
Enrique Bunbury, Spanish singer and songwriter
Joe Rogan, American comedian and television host
Regilio Tuur, Dutch boxer
Andy Hui, Hong Kong singer and actor
Emil Kostadinov, Bulgarian football player
August 13 – Amélie Nothomb, Belgian writer
August 15 – Brahim Boutayeb, Moroccan long-distance runner
Pamela Smart, American murderer
Ulrika Jonsson, Swedish-born television personality
Carrie-Anne Moss, Canadian actress
Serj Tankian, Lebanese-born singer (System of a Down)
Layne Staley, American rock musician (Alice in Chains) (d. 2002)
Adewale Akinnuoye-Agbaje, Nigerian-British actor and model
Yukiko Okada, Japanese idol singer (d. 1986)
Ty Burrell, American actor
August 29 – Jiří Růžek, Czech photographer
August 30 – Frederique van der Wal, Dutch supermodel
September 3 – Luis Gonzalez, American baseball player
Jane Sixsmith, English field hockey player
Arnel Pineda, Filipino singer-songwriter
Koichi Morishita, Japanese long-distance runner
September 6 – Macy Gray, American R&B singer
September 9 – Akshay Kumar,Bollywood Actor
September 11 – Harry Connick, Jr., American singer and actor
September 12 – Jason Statham, English actor
September 13 – Michael Johnson, American athlete
September 18 – Tara FitzGerald, British actress
September 19 – Alexander Karelin, Russian Greco-Roman wrestler
September 20 – Kristen Johnston, American actress
Susie Dent, British lexicographer
Faith Hill, American country singer
September 22 – Félix Savón, Cuban boxer
Masashi Nakayama, Japanese footballer
Jenna Stern, American actress
September 25 – Kim Issel, Canadian ice hockey player
Mira Sorvino, American actress
Moon Unit Zappa, American actress, musician and author
September 30 – Andrea Roth, Canadian actress
October 2 – Frankie Fredericks, Namibian athlete
October 4 – Liev Schreiber, American actor
October 5 – Guy Pearce, English-born actor
October 7 – Toni Braxton, American R&B singer
October 9 – Eddie Guerrero, American professional wrestler (d. 2005)
Tazz, American professional wrestler and commentator
Artie Lange, American actor, comedian and radio personality
David Starr, American racecar driver
Trevor Hoffman, American Major League Baseball player
Kate Walsh, American actress
Javier Sotomayor, Cuban high jumper
October 16 – Davina McCall, British TV presenter and UK Big Brother host
René Dif, Danish-Algerian singer (Aqua)
Venus Terzo, Canadian actress/voice actress
Carlos Mencia, Latino-American actor and standup comedian
Salvatore Di Vittorio, Italian composer & conductor
Ulrike Maier, Austrian alpine skier (d. 1994)
October 24 – Jacqueline McKenzie, Australian actress
October 26 – Keith Urban, New Zealand-born Australian country music singer
October 27 – Scott Weiland, American musician
Julia Roberts, American actress
Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein
Joely Fisher, American actress
Rufus Sewell, English actor
Péter Kun, Hungarian guitarist (d. 1993)
Brad Aitken, Canadian ice hockey player
Ty Detmer, American NFL quarterback and 1990 Heisman Trophy winner
Sophie B. Hawkins, American singer and songwriter
Tina Arena, Australian singer and songwriter
November 2 – Akira Ishida, Japanese voice actor
November 3 – Steven Wilson, British musician
November 5 – Judy Reyes, American actress
November 6 - Rebecca Schaeffer, American actrees (d. 1989)
Sharleen Spiteri, Scottish singer and songwriter
David Guetta, French DJ and songwriter
November 8 – Courtney Thorne-Smith, American actress
November 11 – Gil de Ferran, Brazilian race car driver
Jimmy Kimmel, American comedian and talk show host
Steve Zahn, American actor
November 14 – Letitia Dean, British actress
November 15 – François Ozon, French writer and director
November 16 – Lisa Bonet, American actress
November 20 – Teoman, Turkish rock singer and song-writer
Boris Becker, German tennis player
Mark Ruffalo, American actor
Bart Veldkamp, Dutch-born speed skater
November 23 – Salli Richardson, American actress
November 25 – Anthony Nesty, Surinamese swimmer
November 28 – Anna Nicole Smith, American model and actress (d. 2007)
November 29 – John "Bradshaw" Layfield, American professional wrestler
December 1 – Reggie Sanders, American Major League Baseball outfielder
Judd Apatow, American screenwriter and producer
Hacken Lee, Hong Kong singer and actor
December 8 – Kotono Mitsuishi, Japanese voice actress
December 9 – Joshua Bell, American violinist
December 11 – Mo'Nique, American actress and comedian
December 12 – John Randle, American football player
Jamie Foxx, American actor
Yuji Oda, Japanese singer and actor
December 14 – Ewa Białołęcka, Polish writer
Donovan Bailey, Canadian athlete
Miranda Otto, Australian actress
December 17 – Gigi D'Agostino, Italian musician and DJ
December 18 – Toine van Peperstraten, Dutch sports journalist
December 19 – Criss Angel, American musician, magician, illusionist, escapologist, and stunt performer
December 21 – Mikheil Saakashvili, President of Georgia
December 22 – Dan Petrescu, Romanian footballer
Joan Vizcarra, Spanish artist
András Rosztóczy, Hungarian gastroenterologist
Mary Garden, Scottish opera singer (b. 1874)
Jack Ruby, American killer of Lee Harvey Oswald (b. 1911)
Donald Campbell, English water and land speed record seeker (b. 1921)
Mohammed Khider, Algerian politician (b. 1912)
Evelyn Nesbit, American actress and model (b. 1884)
Barney Ross, American boxer (b. 1909)
January 18 - Harry Antrim, American actor (b. 1884)
January 19 – Kazimierz Funk, Polish biochemist (b. 1884)
January 21 – Ann Sheridan, American actress (b. 1915)
Crew of Apollo 1:
Edward White, American astroanut (b. 1930)
Gus Grissom, American astronaut (b. 1926)
Roger Chaffee, American astronaut (b. 1935)
Alphonse Juin, Marshal of France (b. 1888)
January 31 – Eddie Tolan, American athlete (b. 1908)
February 4 – Albert Orsborn, 6th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1886)
Martine Carol, French actress (b. 1920)
Henry Morgenthau, Jr., United States Secretary of the Treasury during World War II (b. 1891)
February 7 David Unaipon, Australian author and inventor (b. 1872)
February 8 – Victor Gollancz, British publisher (b. 1893)
February 14 – Sig Ruman, German actor (b. 1884)
February 15 – Antonio Moreno, Spanish actor (b. 1887)
Smiley Burnette, American actor (b. 1911)
Józef Hofmann, Polish pianist (b. 1876)
February 18 – J. Robert Oppenheimer, American physicist (b. 1904)
J. Robert Oppenheimer
February 21 – Charles Beaumont, American writer (b. 1929)
Franz Waxman, German-American composer (b. 1906)
Hilliard Almond Wilbanks, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1933)
February 28 – Henry Luce, American publisher (b. 1898)
March 2 – Gordon Harker, English actor (b. 1885)
March 4 – Dr. Mohammed Mossadegh, deposed prime minister of Iran (b. 1882)
March 5 – Mischa Auer, Russian-born actor (b. 1905)
John Haden Badley, English author (b. 1865)
Nelson Eddy, American singer and actor (b. 1901)
Kenneth Harlan, American actor (b. 1895)
Zoltán Kodály, Hungarian composer (b. 1882)
March 7 – Alice B. Toklas, American personality (b. 1877)
Geraldine Farrar, American soprano (b. 1882)
Hanns Lothar, German actor (b. 1929)
March 21 – Marcellus Boss, American politician, member of the Kansas Senate and the 5th Civilian Governor of Guam. (b. 1901)
March 27 – Jaroslav Heyrovský, Czech chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1890)
March 30 – Jean Toomer, American writer (b. 1894)
March 31 – Don Alvarado, American actor (b. 1904)
April 4 – Al Lewis, American songwriter (b. 1901)
April 5 – Hermann Joseph Muller, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1890)
April 17 – Red Allen, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1908)
April 19 – Konrad Adenauer, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)
April 22 – Tom Conway, British actor (b. 1904)
April 24 – Vladimir Komarov, Soviet cosmonaut (parachute failure) (b. 1927)
Joseph Boxhall, British sailor, fourth officer of the RMS Titanic (b. 1884)
Benjamin Foulois, American Brigadier General(USAF), first rated US military pilot, trained by the Wright Brothers (b. 1879)
April 27 – William Douglas Cook, founder of Eastwoodhill Arboretum and Pukeiti, (New Zealand) (b. 1884)
April 29 – Anthony Mann, American actor and director (b. 1906)
May 6 – Zhou Zuoren, Chinese writer (b. 1885)
May 7 – Judith Evelyn, American actress (b. 1913)
Laverne Andrews, American singer (b. 1911)
Barbara Payton, American actress (b. 1927)
Elmer Rice, American playwright (b. 1892)
May 10 – Lorenzo Bandini, Italian Formula One driver (b. 1935)
May 12 – John Masefield, English poet and novelist (b. 1878)
May 15 – Edward Hopper, American painter (b. 1882)
May 18 – Andy Clyde, Scottish actor (b. 1892)
Géza Lakatos, Hungarian general and politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1890)
Rexhep Mitrovica, Albanian politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1888)
May 22 – Langston Hughes, American writer (b. 1902)
May 27 – Johannes Itten, Swiss painter (b. 1888)
May 29 – Georg Wilhelm Pabst, Austrian film director (b. 1885)
May 30 – Claude Rains, British actor (b. 1889)
May 31 – Billy Strayhorn, American composer and pianist (b. 1915)
June 3 – Arthur Tedder, British military, Marshal of the Royal Air Force (b. 1890)
June 5 – Arthur Biram, Israeli philosopher and educator, and Israel Prize recipient (b. 1878)
June 7 – Dorothy Parker, American writer (b. 1893)
June 10 – Spencer Tracy, American actor (b. 1900)
Gerald Patterson, Australian tennis champion (b. 1895)
Edward Leonard Ellington, British military, Marshal of the Royal Air Force (b. 1877)
June 14 – Eddie Eagan, American sportsman (b. 1897)
June 16 – Reginald Denny, English actor (b. 1891)
June 17 – Vernon Huber, American admiral and 36th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1899)
June 26 – Françoise Dorléac, French actress (b.1942)
Primo Carnera, Italian boxer (b. 1906)
Jayne Mansfield, American actress (b. 1933) (car accident)
July 1 – Gerhard Ritter, German historian (b. 1888)
Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani 'Mother of the Nation' (b. 1893)
Vivien Leigh, English actress (b. 1913)
July 9 – Douglas MacLean, American actor (b. 1890)
July 14 – Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (b. 1880)
John Coltrane, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1926)
Cyril Ring, American film actor (b. 1892)
July 18 – Humberto de Alencar Castello Branco, ex-president of Brazil (b. 1897) (plane crash)
Jimmie Foxx, American baseball player (b. 1907)
Albert Lutuli, South African politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
Basil Rathbone, British actor (b. 1892)
July 22 – Carl Sandburg, American poet (b. 1878)
July 31 – Margaret Kennedy, English writer (b. 1896)
August 1 – Richard Kuhn, Austrian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1900)
August 2 – Walter Terence Stace, British philosopher (b. 1886)
Joe Orton, English playwright (b. 1933) (murdered)
Anton Walbrook, Austrian actor (b. 1896)
August 13 – Jane Darwell, American actress (b. 1879)
René Magritte, Belgian painter (b. 1898)
Manuel Prado y Ugarteche, former President of Peru (b. 1889)
Hugo Gernsback, Luxembourg-born editor and publisher (b. 1884)
Isaac Deutscher, British Marxist historian (b. 1907)
Henry J. Kaiser, American industrialist (b. 1882)
Lam Bun, Hong Kong radio commentator (b. 1930)
Stanley Bruce, 8th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1883)
Paul Muni, Polish actor (b. 1895)
George Lincoln Rockwell, American Nazi Party leader (b. 1918)
August 27 – Brian Epstein, English band manager (The Beatles) (b. 1934)
August 31 – Ilya Ehrenburg, Russian writer (b. 1891)
Ilse Koch, Nazi German war criminal (b. 1906)
Siegfried Sassoon, British poet (b. 1886)
James Dunn, American actor (b. 1901)
Francis Ouimet, American professional golfer (b.1893)
September 11 – Tadeusz Żyliński, Polish technician and textilist (b. 1904)
September 13 – Varian Fry, American journalist (b. 1907)
September 16 – Ethel May Halls, American theatrical and film actress (b. 1882)
September 18 – John Cockcroft, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
September 23 - Stanislaus Zbyszko, professional wrestler (b. 1879)
September 27 – Prince Felix Yussupov, Russian assassin of Rasputin (b. 1887)
Ludwig Donath, Austrian actor (b. 1900)
Carson McCullers, American writer (b. 1917) (brain hemorrhage)
Woody Guthrie, American folk musician (b. 1912) (Huntington's disease)
Sir Malcolm Sargent, English conductor (b. 1895)
Colvig, American vaudeville actor, radio actor, newspaper cartoonist,
prolific movie voice actor, and circus performer (original voice of
Goofy) (b. 1892)
October 7 – Norman Angell, British politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1872)
October 8 – Clement Attlee, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1883)
Che Guevara, Argentine communist revolutionary (executed) (b. 1928)
Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
Edith Storey, American actress (b. 1892)
October 12 – Nat Pendleton, American actor and Olympic wrestler (b. 1895)
October 17 – Xuantong Emperor, Emperor of China (b. 1906)
October 20 – Yoshida Shigeru, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1878)
October 23 – Helen Palmer Geisel, Dr. Seuss' first wife (b. 1899)
October 25 – Margaret Ayer Barnes, American playwright, novelist, and short-story writer (b. 1886)
October 29 – Julien Duvivier, French film director (b. 1896)
November 5 – Joseph Kesselring, American playwright (b. 1902)
November 7 – John Nance Garner, U.S. Vice President (b. 1868)
November 9 – Charles Bickford, American actor (b. 1891)
November 13 – Harriet Cohen, English pianist (b. 1895)
November 15 – Alice Lake, American actress (b. 1895)
November 19 – Charles J. Watters, U.S. Army chaplain, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1927)
C. M. Eddy, Jr., American writer (b. 1896)
Florence Reed, American stage actress (b. 1883)
November 25 – Ossip Zadkine, Russian sculptor, painter and lithographer (b. 1890)
November 28 – Leon M'ba, Gabonese politician (b. 1902)
December 3 – Harry Wismer, American baseball owner (b. 1913)
Daniel Jones, British phonetician (b. 1881)
Bert Lahr, American actor (b. 1894)
December 7 – House Peters, Sr., British-born actor (b. 1880)
December 10 (in an air crash):
Otis Redding, American singer (b. 1941)
Ronnie Caldwell, American musician (b. 1948)
Phalon Jones, American musician (b. 1949)
Harold Holt, Australian Prime Minister (body never found) (b. 1908)
Jack Perrin, American actor (b. 1896)
December 21 – Stuart Erwin, American actor (b. 1903)
December 24 – Karl Ristenpart, German conductor (b. 1900)
December 26 – Sydney Barnes, English cricketer (b. 1873)
December 28 – Katharine McCormick, American feminist (b. 1875)
December 29 – Paul Whiteman, American bandleader (b. 1890)
December 30 – Vincent Massey, former Canadian Governor General (b. 1887)
Ken Battefield, American artist (b. ? )
Charles Exeter Devereux Crombie, Scottish cartoonist (d. 1967)
Physics – Hans Albrecht Bethe
Chemistry – Manfred Eigen, Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, George Porter
Physiology or Medicine – Ragnar Granit, Haldan Keffer Hartline, George Wald
Literature – Miguel Ángel Asturias
Peace – not awarded
The British Royal Family
HM The Queen
Philip HRH The Duke of Edinburgh
Charles HRH The Prince of Wales
Camilla HRH The Duchess of Cornwall
William HRH The Duke of Cambridge
Kathryn HRH The Duchess of Cambridge
HRH Prince Harry of Wales
Andrew HRH The Duke of York
HRH Princess Beatrice of York
HRH Princess Eugenie of York
Edward HRH The Earl of Wessex
Anne HRH The Princess Royal
(1066 - 1154)
King William I, the Conqueror 1066 - 1087
King Henry I 1100 - 1135
King Stephen 1135 - 1154
Empress Matilda 1141
(1154 - 1399)
King Henry II 1154 - 1189
King Richard I the Lionheart 1189 - 1199
King John 1 1199 - 1216
King Henry III 1216 - 1272
King Edward I 1272 - 1307
King Edward II 1307 - 1327
King Edward III 1327 - 1377
Richard II 1377 - 1399
The House of Lancaster
(1399 - 1461)
Henry IV 1399 - 1413
Henry V 1413 - 1422
Henry VI 1422 - 1461, 1470 - 1471
The House of York
(1461 - 1485)
King Edward IV 1461 -1470, 1471 - 1483
King Edward V 1483 - 1483
King Richard III 1483 - 1485
King Henry VII 1485 - 1509
King Henry VIII 1509 - 1547
King Edward VI 1547 - 1553
Jane Grey 1554
Queen Mary I (Bloody Mary) 1553 - 1558
Queen Elizabeth I 1558 - 1603
(1603 - 1649) (1660 - 1714)
James I 1603 - 1625
Charles I 1625 - 1649
Charles II 1660 - 1685
James II 1685 - 1688
William III 1688 - 1702 and Queen Mary II 1688 - 1694
Queen Anne 1702 - 1714
The House of Hanoverians
King George I 1714 - 1727
King George II 1727 - 1760
King George III 1760 - 1820
King George IV 1820 - 1830
King William IV 1830 - 1837
Queen Victoria 1837 - 1901
Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and The Windsors
(1901 -1910) (1910 - Today)
King Edward VII 1901 - 1910
King George V 1910 - 1936
King Edward VIII June 1936
King George VI 1936 - 1952
Queen Elizabeth II 1952 - present day
in Europe Day — known as V-E Day or VE Day — was the public holiday
celebrated on 8 May 1945 (in Commonwealth countries, 7 May 1945) to mark
the date when the World War II Allies formally accepted the
unconditional surrender of the armed forces of Nazi Germany and the end
of Adolf Hitler's Third Reich, thus ending the war in Europe. The formal
surrender of the occupying German forces in the Channel Islands was not
until 9 May 1945. On 30 April Hitler committed suicide during the
Battle of Berlin, and so the surrender of Germany was authorized by his
successor, President of Germany Karl Dönitz. The administration headed
by Dönitz was known as the Flensburg government. The act of military
surrender was signed on 7 May in Reims, France, and on 8 May in Berlin,
Upon the defeat of Nazi Germany (Italy having
already surrendered), celebrations erupted throughout the Western world.
From Moscow to New York, people cheered. In the United Kingdom, more
than one million people celebrated in the streets to mark the end of the
European part of the war. In London, crowds massed in Trafalgar Square
and up The Mall to Buckingham Palace, where King George VI and Queen
Elizabeth, accompanied by Prime Minister Winston Churchill, appeared on
the balcony of the Palace before the cheering crowds. Princess Elizabeth
(the future Queen Elizabeth II) and her sister Princess Margaret were
allowed to wander incognito among the crowds and take part in the
In the United States, President Harry Truman
dedicated the victory to the memory of his predecessor, Franklin D.
Roosevelt, who had died of a cerebral hemorrhage less than a month
earlier, on 12 April. Flags remained at half-staff for the remainder
of the 30-day mourning period. Truman said of dedicating the
victory to Roosevelt's memory and keeping the flags at half-staff that
his only wish was "that Franklin D. Roosevelt had lived to witness this
day." Massive celebrations also took place in Chicago, Los Angeles,
Miami, and especially in New York City's Times Square. Victory
celebrations in Canada were marred by the Halifax Riot.
The Daily Sketch was a British national tabloid newspaper, founded in Manchester in 1909 by Sir Edward Hulton.
Political alignment Populist, centre-right, Conservative Party
Ceased publication 1971
was bought in 1920 by Lord Rothermere's Daily Mirror Newspapers but in
1925 Rothermere offloaded it to William and Gomer Berry (later Viscount
Camrose and Viscount Kemsley).
It was owned by a subsidiary of the
Berrys' Allied Newspapers from 1928 (renamed Kemsley Newspapers in
1937 when Camrose withdrew to concentrate his efforts on the Daily
Telegraph). In 1946 it was merged with the Daily Graphic. In 1952
Kemsley decided to sell the paper to Associated Newspapers, the owner of
the Daily Mail, who promptly revived the Daily Sketch name in 1953. The
paper struggled through the 1950s and 1960s, never managing to compete
successfully with the Daily Mirror, and in 1971 it was closed and merged
with the Daily Mail.
The Sketch was Conservative in its politics and
populist in its tone during its existence through all its changes of
ownership. In some ways much of the more populist element of today's
Daily Mail was inherited from the Sketch: before the merger, the more
serious Mail, then and for a long time afterwards a broadsheet, was also
right-wing. The Sketch notably launched a moral panic over Daniel
Farson's 1960 television documentary Living for Kicks, a portrait of
British teenage life at the time, which led to a war of words between
the Sketch and the Daily Mirror. It also participated in the press
campaign against the screening of the BBC film The War Game.
1909: Jimmy Heddle
1914: William Sugden Robinson
1919: H. Lane
1922: H. Gates
1923: H. Lane
1928: A. Curthoys
1936: A. Sinclair
1939: Sydney Carroll
1942: Lionel Berry
1943: A. Roland Thornton and M. Watts
1944: A. Roland Thornton
1947: N. Hamilton
1948: Henry Clapp
1953: Herbert Gunn
1959: Colin Valdar
1962: Howard French
1969: David English
1971: Louis Kirby (acting)
^ a b Dennis Griffiths (ed.) The Encyclopedia of the British Press, 1492-1992, London: Macmillan, 1992, p.187
^ Press articles discussing The War Game on director Peter Watkin's Website, retrieved 2012-06-23.
[hide] v t e
Defunct newspapers of the United Kingdom
Gazette The Bullionist Daily Chronicle Daily Courant Daily Express
(1878) Daily Gazette Daily Herald Daily News Daily Sketch Daily Sport
The Day Financial News Financier and Bullionist Greyhound Express The
Hour (newspaper) Indicator Jewish Times Morning Chronicle Morning Herald
Morning Leader The Morning Post Morning Star News Chronicle The Post
Sporting Life The Sportsman (1865) The Sportsman (2006) Today
News Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper National News News of the World News on
Sunday Reynold's News Sunday Business Sunday Chronicle Sunday
Correspondent Sunday Dispatch Sunday Evening Telegram Sunday Graphic
Sunday Illustrated Sunday Referee Sunday Sportsman Sunday Worker
Age Early Times The European Examiner The Graphic The Illustrated
London News The Leader Mark Lane Express The Sphere The True Sun
Evening Despatch Bristol Mercury Bristol Evening World Burnley Evening
Star Chatham Evening Post Chelmsford Evening Herald Darlington Evening
Dispatch Doncaster Evening Post Edinburgh Evening Dispatch Evening
Citizen (Glasgow) Hereford Evening News Huddersfield Daily Chronicle
Eastern Morning News (Hull) Glasgow Evening News Jewish Post and Gazette
(London) Jewish Times (London) Kent Today Leicester Daily Post
Leicester Evening Mail Liverpool Courier Liverpool Evening Express
London Daily News The London Paper Luton Evening Post Manchester Evening
Chronicle Northern Whig (Belfast) Nottingham Daily Express Nottingham
Evening News Nottingham Journal Scottish Daily News Shields Evening News
Southern Daily Mail (Portsmouth) Slough Evening Mail Surrey Daily
Advertiser Watford Evening Echo
Echo Evening News The Globe Jewish Evening News London Lite Pall Mall
Gazette St. James's Gazette The Star Westminster Gazette Yorkshire
Sunday Pink (Manchester) Sunday Sentinel (Stoke) Western Independent (Plymouth) Yorkshire on Sunday
World War II
Date 1 September 1939 – 2 September 1945
Europe, Pacific, Atlantic, South-East Asia, China, Middle East, Mediterranean and Africa, briefly North America
Result Allied victory
Dissolution of the Third Reich
Creation of the United Nations
Emergence of the United States and the Soviet Union as superpowers
Beginning of the Cold War. (more...)
Soviet Union (1941–45)
United States (1941–45)
China (at war 1937–45)
Japan (at war 1937–45)
Commanders and leaders
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Casualties and losses
Over 61,000,000 (1937–45)
...further details Military dead:
Over 12,000,000 (1937–45)
World War II seriesv · d · e
Asian events · European events · Timeline
[show]v · d · e
Campaigns of World War II
1939 · 1940 · 1941 · 1942 · 1943 · 1944 · 1945
Eastern front · Western Front · Pacific War · Battles · Mediterranean, Middle East and African Campaigns · Commanders
Technology · Military operations · Manhattan Project
Air warfare of World War II · Home front · Collaboration · Resistance
Casualties · Further effects · War crimes · Japanese war crimes · Consequences of Nazism
War II, or the Second World War (often abbreviated as WWII or WW2),
was a global military conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, which involved
most of the world's nations, including all of the great powers:
eventually forming two opposing military alliances, the Allies and the
Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100
million military personnel mobilised. In a state of "total war," the
major participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and
scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, erasing the
distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by
significant events involving the mass death of civilians, including the
Holocaust and the only use of nuclear weapons in warfare, it was the
deadliest conflict in human history, resulting in 50 million to over
70 million fatalities.
war is generally accepted to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the
invasion of Poland by Germany and Slovakia, and subsequent declarations
of war on Germany by France and most of the countries of the British
Empire and Commonwealth. Germany set out to establish a large empire in
Europe. From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and
treaties, Germany conquered or subdued much of continental Europe; amid
Nazi-Soviet agreements, the nominally neutral Soviet Union fully or
partially occupied and annexed territories of its six European
neighbours. Britain and the Commonwealth remained the only major force
continuing the fight against the Axis in North Africa and in extensive
naval warfare. In June 1941, the European Axis launched an invasion of
the Soviet Union. The USSR joined the Allies and the largest land
theatre of war in history began, which, from this moment on, would tied
down the major part of the Axis military power. In December 1941, Japan,
the major Asian Axis nation, which had been at war with China since
1937, and aimed to dominate Asia, attacked the United States and
European possessions in the Pacific Ocean, quickly conquering much of
the region. In response, the United States entered into military
operations on the Allied side.
Axis advance was stopped in 1942 after the defeat of Japan in a series
of naval battles and after defeats of European Axis troops in North
Africa and, decisively, at Stalingrad. In 1943, with a series of German
defeats in Eastern Europe, the Allied invasion of Fascist Italy, and
American victories in the Pacific, the Axis lost the initiative and
undertook strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies
invaded France, while the Soviet Union regained all territorial losses
and invaded Germany and its allies.
war in Europe ended with the capture of Berlin by Soviet and Polish
troops and the subsequent German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945.
The Japanese Navy was defeated by the United States, and invasion of the
Japanese Archipelago ("Home Islands") became imminent. The war in Asia
ended on 15 August 1945 when Japan agreed to surrender.
war ended with the total victory of the Allies over Germany and Japan
in 1945. World War II altered the political alignment and social
structure of the world. The United Nations (UN) was established to
foster international cooperation and prevent future conflicts. The
Soviet Union and the United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting
the stage for the Cold War, which lasted for the next 46 years.
Meanwhile, the influence of European great powers started to decline,
while the decolonisation of Asia and Africa began. Most countries whose
industries had been damaged moved towards economic recovery. Political
integration, especially in Europe, emerged as an effort to stabilise
World War II
Western Europe · Eastern Europe · Africa · Mediterranean · Asia and the Pacific · Atlantic
Casualties · Military engagements · Topics · Conferences · Commanders
· China · Czechoslovakia · Poland · United Kingdom · India · France ·
Australia · New Zealand · South Africa · Canada · Norway · Belgium ·
Netherlands · Luxembourg · Greece · Yugoslavia · Soviet Union · United
States · Philippines · Mexico · Brazil
· Reorganized National Government of China · Croatia · Finland ·
Germany · Hungary · Iraq · Italy · Italian Social Republic · Japan ·
Manchukuo · Romania · Slovakia · Thailand · Vichy France
· Austria · Baltic States · Belgium · Czech lands · Denmark · Estonia ·
Ethiopia · France · Germany · Greece · Hong Kong · India · Italy ·
Jewish · Korea · Latvia · Luxembourg · Netherlands · Norway ·
Philippines · Poland (Anti-communist) · Romania · Thailand · Soviet
Union · Slovakia · Western Ukraine · Vietnam · Yugoslavia
Africa · Asia · Europe
Invasion of Poland · Phoney War · Winter War · Atlantic · Changsha (1939) · China
· Netherlands · Belgium · France · UK · North Africa · British
Somaliland · Baltic States · Moldova · Indochina · Greece · Compass
Africa · Invasion of Yugoslavia · Yugoslav Front · Greece · Crete ·
Soviet Union (Barbarossa) · Karelia · Lithuania · Middle East · Kiev ·
Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran · Leningrad · Moscow · Sevastopol · Pearl
Harbor · Hong Kong · Philippines · Changsha (1941) · Malaya · Borneo
Burma · Changsha (1942) · Coral Sea · Gazala · Midway · Blue · Stalingrad · Dieppe · El Alamein · Torch · Guadalcanal
End in Africa · Kursk · Smolensk · Solomon Islands · Sicily · Lower Dnieper · Italy · Gilbert and Marshall · Changde
Cassino and Shingle · Narva · Cherkassy · Tempest · Ichi-Go · Normandy ·
Mariana and Palau · Bagration · Western Ukraine · Tannenberg Line ·
Warsaw Uprising · Eastern Romania · Yugoslavia · Paris · Gothic Line ·
Market Garden · Estonia · Crossbow · Pointblank · Lapland · Hungary ·
Leyte · Bulge · Burma
· Iwo Jima · Okinawa · Surrender of Italy · Berlin · Czechoslovakia ·
Budapest · West Hunan · Surrender of Germany · Manchuria · Philippines ·
Borneo · Atomic bombings · Surrender of Japan
warfare of World War II · Attacks on North America · Blitzkrieg ·
Comparative military ranks · Cryptography · Home front · Manhattan
Project · Military awards · Military equipment · Military production ·
Nazi plunder · Technology · Total war · Strategic bombing · Bengal
famine of 1943
· Expulsion of Germans · Operation Paperclip · Operation Keelhaul ·
Occupation of Germany · Morgenthau Plan · Territorial changes · Soviet
occupations (Romania, Poland, Hungary, Baltic States) · Occupation of
Japan · First Indochina War · Indonesian National Revolution · Cold War ·
Decolonization · Popular culture
and Wehrmacht war crimes · The Holocaust · Italian war crimes ·
Japanese war crimes · Allied war crimes · Soviet war crimes · United
States war crimes
Rape during the occupation of Japan · Comfort women · Rape of Nanking · Rape during the occupation of Germany
crimes against Soviet POWs · Italian prisoners of war in the Soviet
Union · Japanese prisoners of war in the Soviet Union · Japanese
prisoners of war in World War II · German prisoners of war in the Soviet
Union · German prisoners of war in the United States
Years Country Title Battles, campaigns, events depicted
1957 1958 UK O.S.S. The OSS in occupied France
1962 1966 USA McHale's Navy The misadventures of a misfit PT Boat crew in the Pacific Campaign
1962 1967 USA Combat! A frontline American infantry squad battle their way across France
1964 1967 USA Twelve O'Clock High
1965 1966 USA The Wackiest Ship in the Army
1965 1971 USA Hogan's Heroes Comedy about a POW camp
1966 1966 UK Court Martial During the war, the Judge Advocate General's office investigates crime
1966 1968 USA The Rat Patrol Long Range Desert Patrol
1966 1970 Poland Czterej pancerni i pies (Four tank men and a dog)
A tank crew, their dog, and their T-34 tank in the 1st Polish Army on the Eastern Front, 1943–45
1967 1968 Poland Stawka większa niż życie (More Than Life at Stake)
Kapitan Hans Kloss - Poland / Germany 1941 - 1945
1968 1977 UK Dad's Army Comedy about the Home Guard
1972 1973 UK The Pathfinders RAF pathfinding missions
1972 1974 UK Colditz Colditz Castle POW camp
1973 1973 USSR Seventeen Moments of Spring A Soviet spy operating in Nazi Germany
1975 1975 Poland
Trzecia granica (Third Border) Polish Resistance: Poland, Tatra Mountains, Slovakia, Hungary
1976 1976 Iran My Uncle Napoleon Comedy set in Tehran under Allied occupation
1976 1978 USA Baa Baa Black Sheep Gregory 'Pappy' Boyington and a Marine air squadron during the war in the Pacific
1977 1978 UK Backs to the Land Comedy about the Land Girls
1977 1979 USA Operation Petticoat
1977 1979 UK
1978 1981 Denmark Matador The fictional Danish town of Korsbæk between 1929 and 1947
1981 1981 UK Kessler
1982 1992 UK 'Allo 'Allo! Comedy about a café in Occupied France
1985 1985 USA Jenny's War A woman launches a rescue of her RAF pilot son, shot down over Germany in 1941
1988 1988 UK Piece of Cake RAF from the Phoney War through the Battle of Britain
1992 1992 Denmark Mørklægning Thriler about the war-tired and sick amusement Denmark.
1997 1997 Singapore The Price of Peace Japanese occupation of Singapore
2001 2001 Australia Changi Changi POW camp
2001 2001 Singapore In Pursuit of Peace Japanese occupation of Singapore
2001 2001 Singapore A War Diary Japanese occupation of Singapore
2002 now UK Foyle's War
2004 2005 Japan Zipang An anime TV series about Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force's destroyer that travels through time to early days of WW2.
2006 2007 China Dàdāo xiàng guǐzi men de tóu shàng kǎn qù The last fight during the Sino-Japanese War in 1945
2007 2007 China Gongxun China, the USSR, and Japan launch a win-or-die spy war
2007 2007 China Sentry Under the Neon Lights (霓虹灯下的哨兵) The Eighth Route Army on the Nanjing Road of Shanghai
2007 2007 Poland Tajemnica twierdzy szyfrów (Fortress of Codes)
Polish - German espionage thriller, 1945
2007 2007 Hong Kong War and Destiny The Nanjing Massacre
2007 2007 Iran
Lebanon Zero Degree Turn An Iranian student in occupied Paris loves a Jewish woman
2007 2008 China Xie Se Xiang Xi The Battle of West Hunan
2007 now China Soldiers Sortie
2008 2008 Russia Apostol Life and treachery for a Russian teacher trained as a double agent in German intelligence
2008 2008 Estonia Tuulepealne maa Two Estonian families from World War I until 1941
2008 2010 Poland Czas honoru Cichociemni (SOE agents) and the Polish Resistance
2008 2010 Japan Hetalia: Axis Powers An anime in which characters are national personifications showing interactions of Countries during WWII
2009 now UK Land Girls Drama about the Land Girls
2009 now China My Chief and My Regiment
2009 now France Un village français An Occupied French village, from May, 1940 to...
1 month of war per episode.
2010 now Hong Kong No Regrets Set in the late 1930s to late 1940s in Canton, China during Japanese occupation.
List of wars by death toll
60,000,000–72,000,000 - World War II (1939–1945), (see World War II casualties)
36,000,000 - An Shi Rebellion (China, 755–763)
30,000,000–60,000,000 - Mongol Conquests (13th century) (see Mongol invasions and Tatar invasions)
25,000,000 - Qing dynasty conquest of Ming dynasty (1616–1662)
20,000,000 - World War I (1914–1918) (see World War I casualties)
20,000,000 - Taiping Rebellion (China, 1850–1864) (see Dungan revolt)
20,000,000 - Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945)
10,000,000 - Warring States Era (China, 475 BC–221 BC)
8,000,000–12,000,000 - Dungan revolt (China, 1862 –1877)
7,000,000 - 20,000,000 Conquests of Tamerlane (1370–1405)
5,000,000–9,000,000 - Russian Civil War and Foreign Intervention (1917–1922)
5,000,000 - Conquests of Menelik II of Ethiopia (1882–1898)
3,800,000 - 5,400,000 - Second Congo War (1998–2003)
3,500,000–6,000,000 - Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) (see Napoleonic Wars casualties)
3,000,000–11,500,000 - Thirty Years' War (1618–1648)
3,000,000–7,000,000 - Yellow Turban Rebellion (China, 184–205)
2,500,000–3,500,000 - Korean War (1950–1953) (see Cold War)
2,300,000–3,800,000 - Vietnam War (entire war 1945–1975)
300,000–1,300,000 - First Indochina War (1946–1954)
100,000–300,000 - Vietnamese Civil War (1954–1965)
1,750,000–2,100,000 - American phase (1965–1973)
170,000 - Final phase (1973–1975)
175,000–1,150,000 - Secret War (1953–1975)
2,000,000–4,000,000 - Huguenot Wars
2,000,000 - Shaka's conquests (1816–1828)
300,000–3,000,000 - Bangladesh Liberation War (1971)
- Russian-Circassian War (1763–1864) (see Caucasian War) and the exile
of another 1.5 million Circassians from there homeland to the Ottoman
Empire and another 500,000 Circassians Killed at sea during the
Circassian exile from there homeland.
1,500,000–2,000,000 - Afghan Civil War (1979-)
1,000,000–1,500,000 Soviet intervention (1979–1989)
1,300,000–6,100,000 - Chinese Civil War (1927–1949) note that this figure excludes World War II casualties
300,000–3,100,000 before 1937
1,000,000–3,000,000 after World War II
1,000,000–2,000,000 - Mexican Revolution (1910–1920)
1,000,000 - Iran–Iraq War (1980–1988)
1,000,000 - Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–1598)
1,000,000 - Second Sudanese Civil War (1983–2005)
1,000,000 - Panthay Rebellion (China,1856–1873)
1,000,000 - Nien Rebellion (China,1853–1868)
1,000,000 - Nigerian Civil War (1967–1970)
618,000 - 970,000 - American Civil War (including 350,000 from disease) (1861–1865)
900,000–1,000,000 - Mozambique Civil War (1975–1994)
868,000 - 1,400,000 - Seven Years' War (1756–1763)
800,000 - 1,000,000 - Rwandan Civil War (1990–1993)
800,000 - Congo Civil War (1996–1997)
600,000 to 1,300,000 - First Jewish-Roman War (see List of Roman wars)
580,000 - Bar Kokhba’s revolt (132–135CE)
570,000 - Eritrean War of Independence (1961–1991)
550,000 - Somali Civil War (1988- )
500,000 - 1,000,000 - Spanish Civil War (1936–1939)
500,000 - Angolan Civil War (1975–2002)
500,000 - Ugandan Civil War (1979–1986)
400,000–1,000,000 - War of the Triple Alliance in Paraguay (1864–1870)
400,000 - War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714)
371,000 - Continuation War (1941–1944)
350,000 - Great Northern War (1700–1721)
315,000 - 735,000 - Wars of the Three Kingdoms (1639–1651) English campaign ~40,000, Scottish 73,000, Irish 200,000-620,000
300,000 - First Burundi Civil War (1972)
300,000 - Darfur conflict (2003-)
250,000 - Bosnian War (1992–1995)
230.000 - 2,000,000 - Eighty Years' War (1568–1648)
270,000–300,000 - Crimean War (1854–1856)
234,000 Philippine-American War (1899–1912)
230,000–1,400,000 - Ethiopian Civil War (1974–1991)
224,000 - Balkan Wars, includes both wars (1912–1913)
220,000 - Liberian Civil War (1989–1995 )
217,000 - 1,124,303 - War on Terror (9/11/2001–Present)
200,000 - 1,000,000 - Albigensian Crusade (1208–1259)
200,000–800,000 - Warlord era in China (1916–1928)
200,000 - 400,000 - Politionele acties (Indonesian war of independence) (1945–1949)
200,000 - 220,000 - The Conquest of Chile ((1536-1883)
200,000 - Second Punic War (BC218-BC204) (see List of Roman battles)
200,000 - Sierra Leone Civil War (1992–2001)
200,000 - Algerian Civil War (1991–2002 )
200,000 - Guatemalan Civil War (1960–1996)
190,000 - Franco-Prussian War (1870–1871)
180,000 - 300,000 - La Violencia (1948–1960)
170,000 - Greek War of Independence (1821–1830)
150,000 - Lebanese Civil War (1975–1990)
150,000 - North Yemen Civil War (1962–1970)
150,000 - Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905)
148,000-1,000,000 - Winter War (1939)
125,000 - Eritrean-Ethiopian War (1998–2000)
120,000 - 384,000 Great Turkish War (1683–1699) (see Ottoman-Habsburg wars)
120,000 - Third Servile War (BC73-BC71)
117,000 - 500,000 - Revolt in the Vendée (1793–1796)
103,359+ - 1,136,920+ - Invasion and Occupation of Iraq (2003–Present)
101,000 - 115,000 - Arab-Israeli conflict (1929- )
100,500 - Chaco War (1932–1935)
100,000 - 1,000,000 - War of the two brothers (1531–1532)
100,000 - 400,000 - Western New Guinea (1984 - ) (see Genocide in West Papua)
100,000 - 200,000 - Indonesian invasion of East Timor (1975–1978)
100,000 - Persian Gulf War (1990–1991)
100,000–1,000,000 - Algerian War of Independence (1954–1962)
100,000 - Thousand Days War (1899–1902)
100,000 - German Peasants' War (1524–1525)
80,000 - Third Punic War (BC149-BC146)
75,000 - 200,000? - Conquests of Alexander the Great (BC336-BC323)
75,000 - El Salvador Civil War (1980–1992)
75,000 - Second Boer War (1899–1902)
70,000 - Boudica's uprising (AD60-AD61)
69,000 - Internal conflict in Peru (1980- )
60,000 - Sri Lanka/Tamil conflict (1983–2009)
60,000 - Nicaraguan Rebellion (1972–91)
55,000 - War of the Pacific (1879–1884)
50,000 - 200,000 - First Chechen War (1994–1996)
50,000 - 100,000 - Tajikistan Civil War (1992–1997)
50,000 - Wars of the Roses (1455–1485) (see Wars involving England)
45,000 - Greek Civil War (1945–1949)
41,000–100,000 - Kashmiri insurgency (1989- )
36,000 - Finnish Civil War (1918)
35,000 - 40,000 - War of the Pacific (1879–1884)
35,000 - 45,000 - Siege of Malta (1565) (see Ottoman wars in Europe)
30,000 - Turkey/PKK conflict (1984- )
30,000 - Sino-Vietnamese War (1979)
30,000 - Rhodesian Bush War (1964–1979)
~28,000 - 1982 Lebanon War (1982)
25,000 - Second Chechen War (1999–2001)
25,000 - American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
23,384 - Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 (December 1971)
23,000 - Nagorno-Karabakh War (1988–1994)
20,000 - 49,600 U.S. Invasion of Afghanistan (2001–2002)
19,000+ - Mexican–American War (1846–1848)
14,000+ - Six-Day War (1967)
15,000–20,000 - Croatian War of Independence (1991–1995)
13,000+ - Nepalese Civil War (1996-2006)
11,053 - Malayan Emergency (1948–1960)
11,000 - Spanish-American War (1898)
10,000–20,000 - Libyian civil war (2011–present)
10,000 - Amadu's Jihad (1810–1818)
10,000 - Halabja poison gas attack (1988)
7,264–10,000 - Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 (August–September 1965)
7,000–24,000 - American War of 1812 (1812–1815)
2000-7,000 - Kosovo War (1998–1999)
5,000 - Turkish invasion of Cyprus (1974)
4,600 - Sino-Indian War (1962)
4,000 - Waziristan War (2004–2006)
4,000 - Irish Civil War (1922–23)
3,500 - The Troubles (1969–1998)
3,000 - Civil war in Côte d'Ivoire (2002–2007)
2,899 - New Zealand Land Wars (1845–1872)
2,604–7,000 - Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 (October 1947-December 1948)
2,000 - Football War (1969)
2,000 - Irish War of Independence (1919–21)
1,975–4,500+ - violence in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict (2000–2005)
1,724 - War of Lapland (1945)
1,500 - Romanian Revolution (December 1989)
~1,500 - 2006 Lebanon War
1,000 - Zapatista uprising in Chiapas (1994)
907 - Falklands War (1982)
62 - Slovenian Independence War (1991)
Civil, American Independence, Ares, Armageddon, Arms, Asymmetrical,
Attrition, Bacteriological, Barons', Bate, Battle, Biological, Bishop,
Chemical, Civil, Clash, Class, Cod, Cold, Combat, Conflict, Crescentade,
Crimean, Crusade, Electronic, Emergency, Feud, Fight,, flagrante bello,
Flame, Food, Franco-Prussian, Fray, Germ, Gigantomachy, Great,
Guer(r)illa, Gulf, Holy, Hostilities, Hot, Hundred Years', Information,
Internecine, Jehad, Jenkins' ear, Jihad, Jugurthine, Korean, Krieg,
Limited, Mars, Mexican, Napoleonic, Nuclear, Opium, Peasants',
Peloponnesian, Peninsular, Phony, Price, Private, propaganda,
Psychological, Punic, Push-button, Queen Anne's, Rebellion,
Revolutionary, Roses, Russo-Japanese, Secession, Seven against Thebes,
Seven Years', Shooting, Six Day, Social, Spam, Spanish-American, Spanish
Civil, Star, Stoush, Sword, Terrapin, Theomachy, Thirty Years', Total,
Trench, Trojan, Turf, Vietnam, Winter, World, Yom Kippu Arrière-ban,
BEF, Blue Ribbon, Church, Colours, Confederate, Crowd, Federal, Field,
Fyrd, Golden (Horde), Horde, Host, IRA, Junior Service, Land, Landwehr,
Lashkar, Legion, Line, Military, Militia, Mobile Command, Multitude, New
Model, Para-military, Red, SA, Sabaoth, Salvation, SAS, Sena, Service,
Soldiers, Standing, Swarm, TA, Territorial, Thin red line, Volunteer,