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“Genuine, used German military item from Iron Cross Militaria. Hopefully the uploaded photos are showing everything you need to know about the condition of this item, however I am always happy to send HQ photos by e-mail if required. Pictures are always taken from the front & back of the medals, badges, postcards, field posts, documents. The not newly listed items sometimes show the front and the back on the same photo.”
Original German Mecklenburg Military Merit Cross - WW1, VERY NICE CONDITION, NEW RIBBON, NICE EXAMPLE, ATTRACTIVE TARNISH
Money back guarantee on originality.
There is a great opportunity to save on postage: if you buy anything else, the further item(s) will be posted for free.
I am happy to send more HQ photos by e-mail if required.
Military Merit Cross (Militärverdienstkreuz) was established by Friedrich
Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin on August 5, 1848.
Mecklenburg-Schwerin, a grand duchy located in northern Germany, was a member
of the German Confederation and later the German Empire. In several respects,
Mecklenburg-Schwerin's Military Merit Cross was patterned after the Prussian
Iron Cross. Both came in two classes, a pinback 1st Class and a 2nd Class
worn from a ribbon, both were awarded without regard to rank (most other
orders and medals of both states were awarded in different classes based on
the rank or status of the recipient), and both were awarded for specific
campaigns, as indicated by a date on the bottom arm of the cross. However,
there were more versions of the Mecklenburg cross than of the Prussian cross
(which was only awarded by Prussia in the Napoleonic Wars, the
Franco-Prussian War and World War I, and by Nazi Germany in World War II).
The first versions were dated 1848 and 1849, and awarded for merit in the
First War of Schleswig and in the suppression of the German Revolution of
1848-49 (some Mecklenburg troops were sent to Baden in 1849 while others
remained in the fighting in Schleswig). In 1859, some Mecklenburg observers
and Austrian officers were decorated for merit during the Second Italian War
of Independence. The next version was dated 1864, and recognized merit in the
Second War of Schleswig, also called the German-Danish War.
Mecklenburg-Schwerin's participation on the side of Prussia and other north
German states in the Austro-Prussian War led to the next version, dated 1866.
An 1870 version was created for the Franco-Prussian War, where Mecklenburg
troops fought as part of the 17. Division. In this war, a number of officers
and soldiers received both the Iron Cross and the Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Military Merit Cross. The next version was dated 1877. This was not awarded
to Mecklenburgers (except for a few military observers), but to Russians and
Romanians in the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878). Certain German states,
especially Mecklenburg-Schwerin, were sympathetic to the Russian and Romanian
cause, and had dynastic connections to both states. Grand Duke Friedrich
Franz II's grandmother was Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia, his
daughter was married to Tsar Alexander II of Russia's son, and his son and
heir, Friedrich Franz III, would marry Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of
Russia in 1879. The Romanian royal family was a branch of the Hohenzollerns,
the ruling house of Prussia and the newly created German Empire. A version
dated 1900 was struck for Mecklenburgers who had distinguished themselves in
the Boxer Rebellion of 1900-01. An undated version was then created, which
was awarded for merit in various colonial conflicts of the first decade of
the 20th century, including the Herero Wars (a series of brutal conflicts
where some Germans displayed great bravery in fighting guerrillas from the
Herero and other tribes, while other Germans perpetrated what has come to be
seen as the genocide of the Herero people). Germany entered World War I in
the first days of August 1914. On February 28, 1915, Friedrich Franz IV,
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, reauthorized the Military Merit Cross.
The new version was dated 1914 and awards were made retroactively to the
beginning of the war. Both classes of the Military Merit Cross continued to
be awarded throughout the war, both to Mecklenburgers and to soldiers of
other German states and German allies. Upon Friedrich Franz IV's abdication
in November 14, 1918, the Military Merit Cross became obsolete. It continued
to be permitted for wear by those who had received it through the Weimar era,
the Third Reich and in West Germany (it is unclear whether East Germany permitted
the wear of any Imperial German decorations). In all its versions, the
Mecklenburg-Schwerin Military Merit Cross was a bronze gilt cross pattée ins
design, similar to the Iron Cross but with slightly narrower arms. The
obverse bore a crown on the upper arm, the initials of Friedrich Franz in the
center, and the date (except for the colonial version) at the bottom of the
lower arm. The reverse of the 2nd Class bore the legend "Für
Auszeichnung im Kriege" ("For distinction in the war"). The
reverse of the 1st Class, a pinback cross (Steckkreuz), was blank. The ribbon
was light blue with narrow edge stripes of yellow and red (with the red
stripes on the outside). For awards to non-combatants, the same cross was
worn, but the ribbon was changed to red with light blue and yellow edge
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