BEETHOVEN: Piano Concertos No 3 & 5
Piano Concerto No.3 in C minor, Op.37
Piano Concerto No.5 in E flat, Op.73
Alexis Weissenberg, piano
Herbert von Karajan, conductor
The Piano Concerto No. 3 in C minor, Op. 37, was composed by Ludwig van
Beethoven in 1800 and was first performed on 5 April 1803, with the
composer as soloist. The year for which the concerto was composed (1800) has
however been questioned by contemporary musicologists. It was published in
1804. During that same performance, the Second
Symphony and the oratorio Christ
on the Mount of Olives were also premiered. The composition was
dedicated to Prince
Louis Ferdinand of Prussia. The first primary theme is reminiscent
of that of Mozart's
24th Piano Concerto.
The concerto is
scored for 2 flutes, 2 oboes,
2 clarinets in B-flat, 2 bassoons, 2 horns in E-flat, 2 trumpets in C, timpani, strings and piano soloist.
The Piano Concerto No. 5 in E-flat major, Op. 73, by Ludwig van
Beethoven, popularly known as the Emperor Concerto,
was his last piano concerto.
It was written between 1809 and 1811 in Vienna, and was dedicated to Archduke
Rudolf, Beethoven's patron and pupil. The first performance took
place on 28 November 1811 at the Gewandhaus in Leipzig, the soloist being Friedrich Schneider.
In 1812, Carl Czerny, another student of
Beethoven's, gave the Vienna debut of this work.
The epithet of Emperor for this concerto was not Beethoven's own but
was coined by Johann Baptist
Cramer, the English publisher of the concerto. Its duration is
approximately forty minutes.
The concerto is scored for a solo piano,
two flutes, two oboes,
two clarinets in B-flat (clarinet I playing
clarinet in A in movement 2; flute II, oboe II, clarinet II, both trumpets, and
timpani are tacet during this movement), two bassoons, two horns, two trumpets, timpani in E-flat and B-flat, and strings.
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