Bronze medal commemorating the 'Repulse of the Rebels' and their retreat back to Scotland after the recapture of Carlisle from the Jacobites in 1745 by the Duke of Cumberland.
Obverse : Cuirassed bust of Duke of Cumberland right 'GULIELMUS ; DUX ; CUMBURIAE'. William Duke of Cumberland, Reverse : A lion overcomes a wolf, 'IVSTITIA TRIVMPHANS', Justice triumphant.
Medal by Pingo, signed on truncation.
This medal was struck shortly after the re-taking of Carlisle when the English Lion had laid prostrate the 'rebellious' wolf. The legend is a retort upon Prince Charles who, upon his landing in Britain, inscribed his standard 'TANDEM TRIVMPHANS'.
MI II 607/264; E 600. 33mm. 13.56gm. RARE in this condition.
UNCIRCULATED, beautiful bronze colouring with underlying lustre. Two 'scratches' above lion are in the die and are in fact beginnings of die cracks. Superb piece.
Prince Charles Stuart had advanced into England as far as Derby where, in consideration of the difficulties and dangers of going any further south, he decided to retreat. The Jacobites went as far back to the Scottish border but left a garrison of highlanders at Carlisle.
The Duke of Cumberland, in command of the 'Hanoverian' forces reached Carlisle in December and after just a show of resistance the Jacobite garrison surrendered at his terms - "That the only conditions he could grant to rebels were that they should not be put to the sword, but be reserved for the king's pleasure." The conditions were hard, yet the garrison had no alternative but to accept them, and in the course of the day, Carlisle was surrendered to the king's troops.
Of the Manchester regiment who surrendered themselves prisoners, there were colonel Townley, five captains, six lieutenants, seven ensigns, one adjutant, and ninety-three non-commissioned officers; and in addition to the governor and surgeon, there were sixteen officers, and 256 non-commissioned officers and private men of the 'Scotch', making a total number of 396 prisoners, including Coppock commonly called the "Mock Bishop."
Many of the officers, including Townley, governor of the city, and Hamilton, governor of the castle, were executed in London. Of the seventeen prisoners tried on this occasion, ten suffered death on Kensington Common, on the 30 of July, 1746. The heads of Francis Townley and Captain Fletcher were exhibited on Temple Bar; and the heads of all the others were preserved in spirits and sent into the country to be exhibited in public situations in Carlisle and Manchester. The heads of Hamilton and Coppock were placed on the Scotch gate. Many others who were concerned afterwards died on the block, together with the Earl of Derwentwater. Of those executed in the country, nine were hanged at Carlisle, six at Brampton and eleven at York.