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Details about  CARTHAGE, ZEUGITANA, AE19, WREATHED HEAD OF TANIT, HORSE´S HEAD, 300-264 B.C.

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CARTHAGE, ZEUGITANA, AE19, WREATHED HEAD OF TANIT, HORSE´S HEAD, 300-264 B.C.
CARTHAGE-ZEUGITANA-AE19-WREATHED-HEAD-OF-TANIT-HORSE-S-HEAD-300-264-B-C
Item Ended
Item condition:
--not specified
Ended:
27 Nov, 2013 15:26:26 GMT
Winning bid:
US $51.00
Approximately £30.78(including postage)
18 bids ]
Postage:
US $9.00 (approx. £5.43) Standard Int'l Shipping | See details
Item location:
Wien, Austria

Description

eBay item number:
200990740513
Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing.

Item specifics

Carthage / Zeugitana, head of Tanit:

horse`s head, bronze, minted 300-264 B.C.

 

Carthage / ZEUGITANA

Bronze (5,14g), diam. 1,9 cm, Avers: Wreathed head of Tanit left, Revers: Horse`s head to right, circlet right in field; 300-264 B.C.

cp.: Sear 6524; SNG Cop-144

condition: Very fine

Better in hand!

 

Ancient Carthage (from Phoenician Qart-ḥadašt) was a Semitic civilization centered on the Phoenician city-state of Carthage, located in North Africa on the Gulf of Tunis, outside what is now Tunis, Tunisia. It was founded in 814 BC. Originally a dependency of the Phoenician state of Tyre, Carthage gained independence around 650 BC and established a hegemony over other Phoenician settlements throughout the Mediterranean, North Africa and what is now Spain which lasted until the end of the 3rd century BC. At the height of the city's prominence, it was a major hub of trade with political influence extending over most of the western Mediterranean.

For much of its history, Carthage was in a constant state of struggle with the Greeks on Sicily and the Roman Republic, which led to a series of armed conflicts known as the Greek-Punic Wars and Punic Wars. The city also had to deal with the potentially hostile Berbers, the indigenous inhabitants of the entire area where Carthage was built. In 146 BC, after the third and final Punic War, Carthage was destroyed and then occupied by Roman forces. Nearly all of the other Phoenician city-states and former Carthaginian dependencies fell into Roman hands from then on.

When Agathocles died in 288 BC, a large company of Italian mercenaries who had previously been held in his service found themselves suddenly without employment. Rather than leave Sicily, they seized the city of Messana. Naming themselves Mamertines (or "sons of Mars"), they became a law unto themselves, terrorizing the surrounding countryside.

The Mamertines became a growing threat to Carthage and Syracuse alike. In 265 BC, Hiero II, former general of Pyrrhus and the new tyrant of Syracuse, took action against them. Faced with a vastly superior force, the Mamertines divided into two factions, one advocating surrender to Carthage, the other preferring to seek aid from Rome. While the Roman Senate debated the best course of action, the Carthaginians eagerly agreed to send a garrison to Messana. A Carthaginian garrison was admitted to the city, and a Carthaginian fleet sailed into the Messanan harbor. However, soon afterwards they began negotiating with Hiero; alarmed, the Mamertines sent another embassy to Rome asking them to expel the Carthaginians.
 
Carthage and its dependencies in 264 BC

Hiero's intervention had placed Carthage's military forces directly across the narrow channel of water that separated Sicily from Italy. Moreover, the presence of the Carthaginian fleet gave them effective control over this channel, the Strait of Messina, and demonstrated a clear and present danger to nearby Rome and her interests.
As a result, the Roman Assembly, although reluctant to ally with a band of mercenaries, sent an expeditionary force to return control of Messana to the Mamertines.
The Roman attack on the Carthaginian forces at Messana triggered the first of the Punic Wars. Over the course of the next century, these three major conflicts between Rome and Carthage would determine the course of Western civilization. The wars included a Carthaginian invasion led by Hannibal Barca, which nearly prevented the rise of the Roman Empire.
 
 
Carthage electrum coin, c. 250 BC. British Museum.

In 256-255 BC the Romans, under the command of Marcus Atilius Regulus, landed in Africa and after suffering some initial defeats the Carthaginian forces eventually repelled the Roman invasion.

Shortly after the First Punic War, Carthage faced a major mercenary revolt which changed the internal political landscape of Carthage (bringing the Barcid family to prominence), and affected Carthage's international standing, as Rome used the events of the war to base a claim by which it seized Sardinia and Corsica.
 
 
Carthaginian port

The Second Punic War lasted from 218 to 202 BC and involved combatants in the western and eastern Mediterranean, with the participation of the Berbers on Carthage's side. The war is marked by Hannibal's surprising overland journey and his costly crossing of the Alps, followed by his reinforcement by Gaulish allies and crushing victories over Roman armies in the battle of the Trebia and the giant ambush at Trasimene. Against his skill on the battlefield the Romans deployed the Fabian strategy. But because of the increasing unpopularity of this approach, the Romans resorted to a further major field battle. The result was the crushing Roman defeat at Cannae.

In consequence many Roman allies went over to Carthage, prolonging the war in Italy for over a decade, during which more Roman armies were destroyed on the battlefield. Despite these setbacks, the Roman forces were more capable in siegecraft than the Carthaginians and recaptured all the major cities that had joined the enemy, as well as defeating a Carthaginian attempt to reinforce Hannibal at the battle of the Metaurus. In the meantime in Iberia, which served as the main source of manpower for the Carthaginian army, a second Roman expedition under Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus Major took New Carthage by assault and ended Carthaginian rule over Iberia in the battle of Ilipa. The final showdown was the battle of Zama in Africa between Scipio Africanus and Hannibal, resulting in the latter's defeat and the imposition of harsh peace conditions on Carthage, which ceased to be a major power and became a Roman client-state.

The Third Punic War (149 BC to 146 BC) was the third and last of the Punic Wars. The war was a much smaller engagement than the two previous Punic Wars and primarily consisted of a single main action, the Battle of Carthage, but resulted in the complete destruction of the city of Carthage, the annexation of all remaining Carthaginian territory by Rome, and the death or enslavement of thousands of Carthaginians. The Third Punic War ended Carthage's independent existence.

 

The coin comes well packed, registered and insured. Please visit also my personal eBay-Page for further Informations. Mein Shop-Logo

If buying different lots within 1 week, we will pack all together in one parcel. If we can send everything together, there comes just a small postage-fee on top for every additional lot. If we send all in one parcel, you will save money on shipping-costs.

 

 

German translation:

Karthago / Zeugitana

Bronze, Dm. 1,9 cm, Avers: Kopf der Tanit nach links, Revers: Pferdekopf n. rechts, 300-264 v. Chr.;

Erhaltung: Sehr schön

 

Kauf antiker Objekte ist mehr denn je Vertrauenssache. Besuchen Sie auch meine persönliche eBay-Seite für weitere Informationen.

Versand erfolgt eingeschrieben und Priority! Münze wird geschützt verpackt und ist versichert.

Beim Erwerb mehrerer Münzen / Objekte innerhalb von 7 Tagen erfolgt der Versand gemeinsam (geringere Portospesen).

Bitte beachten Sie auch meine derzeit laufenden Auktionen bei e-Bay!!!Mein Shop-Logo


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