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Details about  CHARLES DARWIN*FERTILISATION OF ORCHIDS BY INSECTS-1877-EVOLUTION-BOTANY-FLOWERS

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CHARLES DARWIN*FERTILISATION OF ORCHIDS BY INSECTS-1877-EVOLUTION-BOTANY-FLOWERS
CHARLES-DARWIN-FERTILISATION-OF-ORCHIDS-BY-INSECTS-1877-EVOLUTION-BOTANY-FLOWERS
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--not specified
Ended:
18 May, 2014 23:16:27 BST
Winning bid:
£160.00
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Item location:
Isle of Skye, United Kingdom

Description

eBay item number:
111348906047
Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing.
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Item specifics

Format: Hardback Condition: Used
Language: English Edition: 2nd Edition (1877)
Subject: Natural History Non-Fiction Subject: Botany
Printing Year: 1850-1899

Highland and Gaelic Books from Skye

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ON THE VARIOUS CONTRIVANCES BY WHICH

BRITISH AND FOREIGN ORCHIDS

ARE FERTILISED BY INSECTS

AND ON THE GOOD EFFECTS OF INTERCROSSING.

By CHARLES DARWIN

2nd EDITION, REVISED

 

WITH ILLUSTRATIONS

LONDON: JOHN MURRAY

1877

*******

DESCRIPTION: Original Murray cloth.  300pp, index. 38 woodcuts. 32pp of adverts dated January 1876. Freeman F801.

CONDITIONVERY GOOD-. The original covers have some wear and marks (see photos). Binding secure. Endpapers uncracked.  Inserts to half-title and title pages (see photos) with a lot of offsetting.  Otherwise good, with some minor foxing and marginal dustiness to majority of text.  A decent, solid copy.

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Please e-mail if you would like me to send further photos to the ones below. 

********** 

Darwin described the origins and writing of this book in his autobiography:

On May 15th, 1862, my little book on the Fertilisation of Orchids which cost me ten months' work, was published: most of the facts had been slowly accumulated during several previous years. During the summer of 1839, and, I believe, during the previous summer, I was led to attend to the cross-fertilisation of flowers by the aid of insects, from having come to the conclusion in my speculations on the origin of species, that crossing played an important part in keeping specific forms constant. 

 

 

Life and letters (Vol. III, p. 274) quotes Asa Gray as saying that 'if the Orchid-book (with a few trifling omissions) had appeared before the "Origin" the author would have been canonised rather than anathematised by the natural theologians', and notes that a review in the Literary Churchman found only one fault 'that Mr. Darwin's expression of admiration at the contrivances in orchids is too indirect a way of saying, "O Lord, how manifold are Thy works.'".

 

Darwin himself wrote to John Murray on September 24th, 1861, 'I think this little volume will do good to the "Origin", as it will show that I have worked hard at details'....

 

Full Contents list after the photos:

 

 photo IMG_1048.jpg  photo IMG_1049.jpg  photo IMG_1050.jpg  photo IMG_1051.jpg  photo IMG_1052.jpg  photo IMG_1053.jpg  photo IMG_1054.jpg  photo IMG_1054b.jpg  photo IMG_1055.jpg  photo IMG_1056.jpg  photo IMG_1057.jpg  photo IMG_1058.jpg  photo IMG_1059.jpg  photo IMG_1060.jpg  photo IMG_1061.jpg

 

 

 

 

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————

CONTENTS.
—°—

INTRODUCTION .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. Page 1

CHAPTER I.

Structure of Orchis — Power of movement of the pollinia — Perfect adaptation of the parts in Orchis pyramidalis — On the insects which visit Orchids, and on the frequency of their visits — On the fertility and sterility of several Orchids — On the secretion of nectar, and on moths being purposely delayed in obtaining it .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9-53

CHAPTER II.

Ophreæ continued — Fly and Spider Ophrys — Bee Ophrys, apparently adapted for perpetual self-fertilisation, but with paradoxical contrivances for intercrossing — The Frog Orchis; fertilisation effected by nectar secreted from two parts of the labellum — Gymnadenia conopsea — Greater and Lesser Butterfly Orchis; their differences and means of fertilisation — Summary on the powers of movement in the pollinia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 54-92

CHAPTER III.

Epipactis palustris; curious shape of the labellum and its apparent importance in the fructification of the flower — Cephalanthera grandiflora; rostellum aborted; early penetration of the pollen-tubes; case of imperfect self-fertilisation; fertilisation aided by insects — Goodyera repens — Spiranthes autumnalis; perfect adaptation by which the pollen of a younger flower is carried to the stigma of an older flower on another plant .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 93-129

CHAPTER IV.

Malaxis paludosa; simple means of fertilisation — Listera ovata; sensitiveness of the rostellum; explosion of viscid matter; action of insects; perfect adaptation of the several oegans — Listera cordata — Neottia nidus-avis; its fertilisation effected in the same manner as in Listera .. .. 130-156

CHAPTER V.

Cattleya, simple manner of fertilisation — Masdevallia, curious closed flower — Dendrobium, contrivance for self-fertilisation — Vandeæ, diversified structure of the pollinia; importance of the elasticity of the pedicel; its power of movement — Elasticity and strength of the caudicle — Calanthe with lateral stigmas, manner of fertilisation — Angræcum sesquipedale, wonderful length of nectary — Acropera, perplexing case, a male Orchid .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..Page 157-210

CHAPTER VI.

Catasetidæ, the most remarkable of all Orchids — The mechanism by which the pollinia of Catasetum are ejected to a distance, and are transported by insects — Sensitiveness of the horns of the rostellum — Extraordinary difference in the male, female, and hermaphrodite forms of Catasetum tridentatum — Mormodes ignea, curious structure of flower; ejection of its pollinia — Cypripedium, importance of the slipper-like form of the labellum — Secretion of nectar — Advantage derived from insects being delayed in sucking the nectar — Singular excrescences on the labellum, apparently attractive to insects .. .. .. .. .. .. 211-285

CHAPTER VII.

Homologies of Orchid-flowers — The great modification which they have undergone — Gradation of organs, of the rostellum, of the pollen-masses — Formation of the caudicle — Genealogical affinities — Mechanism of the movement of the pollinia — Uses of the petals — Production of seed — Importance of trifling details of structure — Cause of the vast diversity of structure for the same general purpose — Cause of the perfection of the contrivances in Orchids — Summary on insect-agency — Nature abhors perpetual self-fertilisation .. .. .. .. .. .. 286-360

INDEX .. .. .. .. .. .. 361-365

 

LIST OF WOODCUTS.

—°—


 PAGE.
 
I. ORCHIS MASCULA to face
 18
 
II.  POLLINIA OF ORCHIS MASCULA 
 15
 
III. ORCHIS PYRAMIDALIS
 22
 
IV. MOTH'S HEAD AND PROBOSCIS, WITH ATTACHED POLLINIA
 37
 
V. OPHRYS MUSCIFERA
 55
 
VI. " ARANIFERA
 61
 
VII. " APIFERA
 63
 
VIII. " ARACHNITES
 72
 
IX. PERISTYLUS VIRIDIS
 76
 
X. GYMNADENIA CONOPSEA
 80
 
XI. HABENARIA CHLORANTHA
 84
 
XII. " BIFOLIA, POLLINIA OF
 90
 
XIII. EPIPACTIS PALUSTRIS
 94
 
XIV. " LATIFOLIA
 103
 
XV. CEPHALANTHERA GRANDIFLORA
 105
 
XVI. SPIRANTHES AUTUMNALIS
 117
 
XVII. MALAXIS PALUDOSA
 132
 
XVIII. LISTERA OVATA
 141
 
XIX. CATTLEYA
 161
 
XX. MASDEVALLIA FENESTRATA
 168
 
XXI. DENDROBIUM CHRYSANTHUM
 173
 
XXII. DIAGRAM ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE STRUCTURE OF THE VANDEAE
 179
 
XXIII. POLLINIA OF VANDEAE
 185
 
XXIV. CALANTHE MASUCA
 195
 
XXV.

XXVI.
 CATASETUM SACCATUM

CATASETUM SACCATUM
 216

217

 PAGE.
 
XXVII. CATASETUM TRIDENTATUM
 232
 
XXVIII. MONACHANTHUS
 239
 
XXIX. MORMODES IGNEA
 250
 
XXX. MORMODES
 267
 
XXXI. CYPRIPEDIUM
 272
 
XXXII. SECTION OF FLOWER OF AN ORCHID
 292
 
XXIII. ROSTELLUM OF CATASETUM
 322
 
XXXIV. DISC OF GYMNADENIA
 336 


On 09-May-14 at 04:37:43 BST, seller added the following information:

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