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Doctor Who is a British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC. The programme depicts the adventures of a Time Lord—a time travelling, humanoid alien known as the Doctor. He explores the universe in his TARDIS (acronym: Time and Relative Dimension in Space), a sentient time-travelling space ship. Its exterior appears as a blue British police box, a common sight in Britain in 1963, when the series first aired. Along with a succession of companions, the Doctor faces a variety of foes while working to save civilisations, help ordinary people, and right wrongs.
The show has received recognition from critics and the public as one of the finest British television programmes, winning the 2006 British Academy Television Award for Best Drama Series and five consecutive (2005–10) awards at the National Television Awards during Russell T Davies's tenure as Executive Producer. In 2011, Matt Smith became the first Doctor to be nominated for a BAFTA Television Award for Best Actor. In 2013, the Peabody Awards honoured Doctor Who with an Institutional Peabody "for evolving with technology and the times like nothing else in the known television universe." The programme is listed in Guinness World Records as the longest-running science fiction television show in the world and as the "most successful" science fiction series of all time—based on its over-all broadcast ratings, DVD and book sales, and iTunes traffic. During its original run, it was recognised for its imaginative stories, creative low-budget special effects, and pioneering use of electronic music (originally produced by the BBC Radiophonic Workshop).
The show is a significant part of British popular culture; and elsewhere it has become a cult television favourite. The show has influenced generations of British television professionals, many of whom grew up watching the series. The programme originally ran from 1963 to 1989. After an unsuccessful attempt to revive regular production in 1996 with a backdoor pilot in the form of a television film, the programme was relaunched in 2005 by Russell T Davies who was showrunner and head writer for the first five years of its revival, produced in-house by BBC Wales in Cardiff. Series 1 in the 21st century, featuring Christopher Eccleston as the ninth incarnation, was produced by the BBC. Series 2 and 3 had some development money contributed by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), which was credited as a co-producer. Doctor Who also spawned spin-offs in multiple media, including Torchwood (2006-11) and The Sarah Jane Adventures (2007-11) – both created by Russell T Davies, K-9 (2009-10), the four-part video series P.R.O.B.E. (1994-96), and a single pilot episode of K-9 and Company (1981). There also have been many spoofs and cultural references of the character in other media.
Twelve actors have headlined the series as the Doctor. The transition from one actor to another is written into the plot of the show as regeneration, a life process of Time Lords through which the character of the Doctor takes on a new body and, to some extent, new personality, which occurs when sustaining injury which would be fatal to most other species. Although each portrayal is different, and on occasions the various incarnations have even met one another, they are all meant to be aspects of the same character. The Doctor is currently portrayed by Matt Smith, who took up the role after David Tennant's last appearance in an episode broadcast on 1 January 2010. On 1 June 2013, it was announced that Matt Smith would leave the series and the eleventh Doctor would regenerate in the 2013 Christmas special. On 4 August 2013, Peter Capaldi was announced as the twelfth incarnation of the Doctor
enre Science fiction drama
C. E. Webber
Directed by Various
Starring Various Doctors
(currently Matt Smith)
(currently Jenna Coleman)
Theme music composer
Opening theme Doctor Who theme music
Composer(s) Various composers
(currently Murray Gold)
Country of origin United Kingdom
No. of seasons 26 (1963–89) plus one TV film (1996)
No. of series 7 (2005–present)
No. of episodes 798 (106 missing) (List of episodes)
Executive producer(s) Various
(currently Steven Moffat and Brian Minchin)
Camera setup Single/Multi-Camera hybrid
25 minutes (1963–84, 1986–89)
45 minutes (1985, 2005–present)
Various other lengths
Original channel BBC
BBC One (1963-1989, 1996, 2005-present)
BBC One HD (2010–present)
BBC HD (2007–10)
BBC America (2010–present)
405-line Black-and-white (1963–67)
625-line Black-and-white (1968–69)
625-line PAL (1970–89)
525-line NTSC (1996)
576i 16:9 DTV (2005–08)
1080i HDTV (2009–present)
Audio format Monaural (1963–87)
Stereo (1988–89; 1996; 2005–08)
5.1 Surround Sound (2009–present)
Original run Classic series:
23 November 1963 –
6 December 1989
12 May 1996
26 March 2005 – present
K-9 and Company (1981)
The Sarah Jane Adventures (2007–11)
Doctor Who Confidential (2005–11)
Totally Doctor Who (2006–07)
Sarah Jane's Alien Files (2010)
The Doctor Companion Time Lord Dalek Cyberman The Master Sontarans
TARDIS Regeneration Sonic screwdriver Time War Whoniverse Torchwood Institute UNIT
History Story arcs Missing episodes Theme music Doctor Who in Canada and the U.S. Doctor Who in Australia Fandom Merchandise
Serials (unmade) Awards and nominations DVD and Blu-ray releases Doctors Cast Guest appearances Producers Script editors Writers Directors Music Composers Soundtrack releases
Supporting characters Historical characters UNIT personnel Creatures and aliens Villains Henchmen Robots Planets Items Vehicles
Chronology Doctor Who exhibitions
K-9 and Company Tardisodes Torchwood The Sarah Jane Adventures K-9
Whose Doctor Who Thirty Years in the TARDIS Dalekmania Doctor Who Confidential Totally Doctor Who Torchwood Declassified Doctor Who: The Commentaries An Adventure in Space and Time
The Curse of the Daleks Doctor Who and the Daleks in the Seven Keys to Doomsday Doctor Who – The Ultimate Adventure Doctor Who: A Celebration Doctor Who Prom 2008 2010 2013 Doctor Who Live
Key production staff
Sydney Newman Philip Segal Russell T Davies Steven Moffat
Verity Lambert John Wiles Innes Lloyd Peter Bryant Derrick Sherwin Barry Letts Philip Hinchcliffe Graham Williams John Nathan-Turner Phil Collinson
David Whitaker Dennis Spooner Donald Tosh Gerry Davis Terrance Dicks Robert Holmes Anthony Read Douglas Adams Christopher H. Bidmead Antony Root Eric Saward Andrew Cartmel
Terry Nation Delia Derbyshire Ray Cusick Kit Pedler Douglas Camfield Malcolm Hulke Dudley Simpson Murray Gold Euros Lyn
Dr. Who and the Daleks Daleks – Invasion Earth: 2150 A.D.
Novelisations Original books Bernice Summerfield Time Hunter
Audiobooks Audio plays Audio releases Cyberman Dalek Empire Gallifrey I, Davros Jago & Litefoot Kaldor City Sarah Jane Smith UNIT The Lost Stories Destiny of the Doctor
Wartime P.R.O.B.E. Shakedown: Return of the Sontarans Downtime Auton trilogy Dæmos Rising Dead and Buried
Doctor Who spin-offs Stage plays Video games Spoofs Spin-off companions Faction Paradox Iris Wildthyme Death's Head Star Trek: The Next Generation/Doctor Who: Assimilation2
Doctor Who Magazine Doctor Who Adventures Doctor Who – Battles in Time Doctor Who DVD Files
Big Finish Productions Reeltime Pictures BBV Mad Norwegian Press Magic Bullet Productions Obverse Books
Portal Portal Category Category Wikipedia book Book WikiProject WikiProject
[hide] v t e
Media in Cardiff
Aspect Television BBC Wales ITV Wales S4C Broadcasting House Cardiff BBC Roath Lock BAFTA Cymru Cube Interactive Hartswood Films Calon Cardiff Film Festival
Media Wales, Six Park Street, Cardiff 001.jpg
Doctor Who Torchwood The Sarah Jane Adventures Caerdydd Being Human Crash Merlin Sherlock Upstairs Downstairs Casualty Pobol y Cwm
Gavin & Stacey
Hospital 24/7 Newyddion ITV News Wales CF99
The Story of Tracy Beaker Superted
Panic Button Flick Killer Elite Human Traffic Patagonia Skellig The Contractor Tiger Bay
Western Mail South Wales Echo Echo Extra Y Dinesydd gair rhydd Buzz Metro Cardiff School of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies Media Wales
BBC Radio Wales BBC Radio Cymru Capital FM South Wales Nation Radio Gold Real Radio Xpress Radio Radio Cardiff
WalesOnline CardiffOnline Pizzaman
[hide] v t e
Television series by Russell T Davies
Dark Season (1991) Century Falls (1993) Revelations (1994–96) Springhill (1996–97) Coronation Street: Viva Las Vegas! (1997) The Grand (1997–98) Queer as Folk (1999–2000) Bob & Rose (2001) The Second Coming (2003) Mine All Mine (2004) Casanova (2005) Doctor Who (2005–10) Torchwood (2006–11) The Sarah Jane Adventures (2007–11) Wizards vs Aliens (2012–)
Damaged Goods (Virgin New Adventures novel) All production credits Screenplays by Russell T Davies
[hide] v t e
Press Gang (1989–1993) Joking Apart (1993–1995) Chalk (1997) Coupling (2000–2004) Jekyll (2007) Sherlock (2010–present) Doctor Who (2010–present, written only: 2005–2010)
The Adventures of Tintin (2011)
The Curse of Fatal Death (1999) "The Empty Child" / "The Doctor Dances" (2005) "The Girl in the Fireplace" (2006) "Blink" (2007) "Time Crash" (2007) "Silence in the Library" / "Forest of the Dead" (2008) "The Eleventh Hour" (2010) "The Beast Below" (2010) "The Time of Angels / "Flesh and Stone" (2010) "The Pandorica Opens" / "The Big Bang" (2010) "A Christmas Carol" (2010) "Space" / "Time" (2011) "The Impossible Astronaut" / "Day of the Moon" (2011) "A Good Man Goes to War" (2011) "Let's Kill Hitler" (2011) "The Wedding of River Song" (2011) "The Doctor, the Widow and the Wardrobe" (2011) "Asylum of the Daleks" (2012) "The Angels Take Manhattan" (2012) "The Snowmen" (2012) "The Bells of Saint John" (2013) "The Name of the Doctor" (2013) 50th anniversary special (2013)
"A Study in Pink" (2010) "A Scandal in Belgravia" (2012)
Awards for Doctor Who
[hide] v t e
BAFTA TV Award for Best Drama Series
Inspector Morse (1992) Inspector Morse (1993) Between the Lines (1994) Cracker (1995) Cracker (1996) EastEnders (1997) Jonathan Creek (1998) The Cops (1999) The Cops (2000) Clocking Off (2001) Cold Feet (2002) Spooks (2003) Buried (2004) Shameless (2005) Doctor Who (2006) The Street (2007) The Street (2008) Wallander (2009) Misfits (2010) Sherlock (2011) The Fades (2012) Last Tango in Halifax (2013)
[hide] v t e
Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form (2003–present)
"Conversations with Dead People" (Buffy the Vampire Slayer) (2003) Gollum's Acceptance Speech at the 2003 MTV Movie Awards (2004) "33" (Battlestar Galactica) (2005) "The Empty Child" / "The Doctor Dances" (Doctor Who) (2006) "The Girl in the Fireplace" (Doctor Who) (2007) "Blink" (Doctor Who) (2008) Dr. Horrible's Sing-Along Blog (2009) "The Waters of Mars" (Doctor Who) (2010) "The Pandorica Opens" / "The Big Bang" (Doctor Who) (2011) "The Doctor's Wife" (Doctor Who) (2012)
Complete list (1958–1980) (1981–2002) (Long form: 2003–present) (Short form: 2003–present)
[hide] v t e
Nebula Award for Best Script/Bradbury Award (2001–present)
Nebula Award for Best Script
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon – James Schamus, Kuo Jung Tsai and Hui-Ling Wang (2001) The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring – Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens & Peter Jackson (2002) The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers – Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, Stephen Sinclair & Peter Jackson (2003) The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King – Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens & Peter Jackson (2004) Serenity – Joss Whedon (2005) Howl's Moving Castle – Hayao Miyazaki, Cindy Davis Hewitt and Donald H. Hewitt (2006) Pan's Labyrinth – Guillermo del Toro (2007) WALL-E – Andrew Stanton, Jim Reardon and Pete Docter (2008)
Ray Bradbury Award for
Outstanding Dramatic Presentation
2000X — Tales of the Next Millennia – Yuri Rasovsky and Harlan Ellison (2001) Joss Whedon (2008) District 9 – Neill Blomkamp and Terri Tatchell (2009) Inception – Christopher Nolan (2010) Doctor Who: "The Doctor's Wife" – Neil Gaiman & Richard Clark (2011)
Complete list (1973–2000) (2001–present)
[hide] v t e
Saturn Award for Best Television Presentation
Alien Nation: Millennium (1994) Alien Nation: Dark Horizon (1995) Doctor Who: Doctor Who (1996) The Shining (1997) Storm of the Century (1999) Fail Safe (2000) Jack and the Beanstalk: The Real Story (2001) Steven Spielberg Presents Taken (2002) Battlestar Galactica (2003) Farscape: The Peacekeeper Wars (2004) Masters of Horror/The Triangle (2005) The Librarian: Return to King Solomon's Mines (2006) Family Guy: Blue Harvest (2007) The Librarian: Curse of the Judas Chalice (2008) Torchwood: Children of Earth (2009) The Walking Dead (2010) The Walking Dead (2011) Breaking Bad (2012)
No. Title Broadcast on Year/s
1 Fawlty Towers BBC1 1975,1979
2 Cathy Come Home BBC1 1966
3 Doctor Who BBC1 1963–1989,1996, 2005–
4 The Naked Civil Servant ITV 1975
5 Monty Python's Flying Circus BBC 1969–1974
6 Blue Peter BBC1 1958–
7 Boys from the Blackstuff BBC2 1982
8 Parkinson BBC1 / ITV 1971–1982, 1987–1988, 1998–2007
9 Yes Minister / Yes, Prime Minister BBC2/GOLD 1980–1988, 2013–
10 Brideshead Revisited ITV 1981
11 Abigail's Party (Play for Today) BBC1 1977
12 I, Claudius BBC2 1976
13 Dad's Army BBC1 1968–1977
14 The Morecambe & Wise Show ITV / BBC2 / BBC1 1961–1983
15 Edge of Darkness BBC2 1985
16 Blackadder Goes Forth BBC1 1989
17 Absolutely Fabulous BBC2 / BBC1 1992–1996, 2012
18 The Wrong Trousers BBC2 1993
19 The World at War ITV 1973–1974
20 The Singing Detective BBC1 1986
21 Pennies from Heaven BBC1 1978
22 The Jewel in the Crown ITV 1984
23 Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? ITV 1998–
24 Hancock's Half Hour BBC 1956–1961
25 Our Friends in the North BBC2 1996
26 28 Up ITV 1985
27 The War Game (The Wednesday Play) BBC1 1965 / 1985
28 The Magic Roundabout BBC1 1965–1977
29 That Was The Week That Was BBC 1962–1963
30 An Englishman Abroad BBC1 1983
31 The Royle Family BBC2/BBC1 1998–
32 Life on Earth BBC2 1979
33 The Old Grey Whistle Test BBC2 1971–1987
34 University Challenge ITV / BBC2 1961–1987, 1994–
35 Porridge BBC1 1974–1977
36 Blue Remembered Hills (Play for Today) BBC1 1979
37 Mastermind (original format) BBC1 / BBC2 1972–1997
38 I'm Alan Partridge BBC2 1997
39 Cracker ITV 1993–1996
40 Coronation Street ITV 1960–
41 Top of the Pops BBC1 / BBC2 1964–
42 Inspector Morse ITV 1987–2000
43 Grange Hill BBC1 1978–2008
44 Steptoe and Son BBC1 1962–1965, 1970–1974
45 Only Fools and Horses BBC1 1981–
46 Auf Wiedersehen, Pet (series 1) ITV 1983–1986
47 Tiswas ITV 1974–1982
48 Elgar BBC 1962
49 Nuts in May (Play for Today) BBC1 1976
50 Father Ted Channel 4 1995–1998
51 The Avengers ITV 1961–1969
52 Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy BBC2 1979
53 The Forsyte Saga BBC2 1967
54 Hillsborough ITV 1996
55 Dennis Potter: The Last Interview (Without Walls Special) Channel 4 1994
56 Bar Mitzvah Boy (Play for Today) BBC1 1976
57 Edna, the Inebriate Woman (Play for Today) BBC1 1971
58 Live Aid BBC1 / BBC2 1985
59 World In Action ITV 1963–1998
60 Thunderbirds ITV 1965–1966
61 Talking Heads / Talking Heads 2 BBC1 / BBC2 1988 / 1998
62 Ready Steady Go! ITV 1963–1966
63 Z-Cars BBC1 1962–1978
64 Culloden BBC1 1964
65 The Ascent of Man BBC2 1973
66 A Very British Coup Channel 4 1988
67 Civilisation BBC2 1969
68 Prime Suspect ITV 1991–
69 The Likely Lads / Whatever Happened to the Likely Lads? BBC2 / BBC1 1964–1966 / 1973–1974
70 Have I Got News for You BBC2 / BBC1 1990–
71 The Snowman Channel 4 1982
72 Walking with Dinosaurs BBC1 1999
73 Nineteen Eighty-Four BBC 1954
74 The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin BBC1 1976–1979
75 Quatermass and the Pit BBC 1958–1959
76 Between The Lines BBC1 1992–1994
77 Blind Date ITV 1985–2003
78 Talking to a Stranger (Theatre 625) BBC2 1966
79 The Borrowers BBC1 1992–1993
80 One Foot in the Grave BBC1 1990–2000
81 Later... with Jools Holland BBC2 1992–
82 Tutti Frutti BBC2 1987
83 The Knowledge ITV 1979
84 House of Cards BBC1 1990–1995
85 This Is Your Life BBC1 / ITV 1955–1964, 1969–
86 The Tube Channel 4 1982–1987
87 The Death of Yugoslavia BBC2 1995
88 Till Death Us Do Part BBC1 1966–1975
89 A Very Peculiar Practice BBC1 1986–1992
90 TV Nation BBC2 1995
91 This Life BBC2 1996–1997
92 Death on the Rock (This Week) ITV 1988
93 The Nazis: A Warning from History BBC2 1997
94 Drop the Dead Donkey Channel 4 1990–1998
95 Arena BBC2 1975–
96 The Railway Children BBC1 1968
97 Teletubbies BBC2 1997–2002
98 Spitting Image ITV 1984–1996
99 Pride and Prejudice BBC1 1995
100 Made in Britain ITV 1982
Science fiction is similar to fantasy, except stories in this genre use scientific understanding to explain the universe that it takes place in. It generally includes or is centered on the presumed effects or ramifications of computers or machines; travel through space, time or alternate universes; alien life-forms; genetic engineering; or other such things. The science or technology used may or may not be very thoroughly elaborated on; stories whose scientific elements are reasonably detailed, well-researched and considered to be relatively plausible given current knowledge and technology are often referred to as hard science fiction. Owing to the wide breadth of the genre, it very commonly has elements from other genres, such as action, comedy, alternate history (which is sometimes considered a sub-genre of science fiction), military or spy fiction, and fantasy mixed in, with such combinations often forming new major subgenres in their own right (see below).
Apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction: Science fiction that is concerned with the end of civilization either through nuclear war, plague, or some other general disaster. Post-apocalyptic fiction is set in a world or civilization after such a disaster. The time frame may be immediately after the catastrophe, focusing on the travails or psychology of survivors, or considerably later, often including the theme that the existence of pre-catastrophe civilization has been forgotten (or mythologized). Post-apocalyptic stories often take place in an agrarian, non-technological future world, or a world where only scattered elements of technology remain. There is a considerable degree of blurring between this form of science fiction and that which deals with false utopias or dystopic societies. The genres gained in popularity after World War II, when the possibility of global annihilation by nuclear weapons entered the public consciousness. However, recognizable apocalyptic novels existed at least since the first quarter of the 19th century, when Mary Shelley's The Last Man was published. Additionally, the subgenres draw on a body of apocalyptic literature, tropes, and interpretations that are millennia old.
Hard science fiction: Science fiction in which the science is detailed, well-researched, and considered plausible such as Jurassic Park or Prey (novel).
Future noir: A hybrid genre of other works of fiction combining the film noir and science fiction or cyberpunk genres such as seen in Blade Runner (1982) and The Terminator (1984). It is a form of Neo-noir concentrating more on science fiction themes. The term was coined in The Terminator as the name of a nightclub, Tech Noir. The director James Cameron wanted a name for the particular style he was invoking.
Soft science fiction: Science fiction which isn't detailed about the science involved, and typically deals more with cultural, social, and/or political interactions.
Christian science fiction: Science fiction with Christian religious themes.
Comic science fiction: Science fiction which exploits the genre's conventions for comic effect.
Military science fiction: Science fiction told from the point of view of the military, or a main character who is a soldier in the military. It usually has technology far superior to today's, but not necessarily implausible. Military science fiction essentially is the addition of science fiction elements into a military fiction story. (Note that some military science fiction stories fit at least somewhat into the "hard science fiction" sub-genre as well.)
Feminist science fiction: Science fiction which tends to deal with women's roles in society. Feminist science fiction poses questions about social issues such as how society constructs gender roles, the role reproduction plays in defining gender and the unequal political, economic and personal power of men and women. Some of the most notable feminist science fiction works have illustrated these themes using utopias to explore a society in which gender differences or gender power imbalances do not exist, or dystopias to explore worlds in which gender inequalities are intensified, thus asserting a need for feminist work to continue.
Libertarian science fiction: Science fiction that focuses on the politics and social order implied by libertarian philosophies with an emphasis on individualism and a limited state—and in some cases, no state whatsoever. As a genre, it can be seen as growing out of the 1930s and 1940s when the science-fiction pulp magazines were reaching their peak at the same time as fascism and communism. While this environment gave rise to dystopian novels such as George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four, in the pulps, this influence more often give rise to speculations about societies (or sub-groups) arising in direct opposition to totalitarianism.
Social science fiction: Science fiction concerned less with technology and space opera and more with sociological speculation about human society. In other words, it "absorbs and discusses anthropology", and speculates about human behavior and interactions. Exploration of fictional societies is one of the most interesting aspects of science fiction, allowing it to perform predictive and precautionary functions, to criticize the contemporary world and to present solutions, to portray alternative societies and to examine the implications of ethical principles.
Mecha anime: Popularized from Japan, humans pilot giant robots for battle, may even be in space.
Space opera: Science fiction story characterized by the extent of space travel and distinguished by the amount of time that protagonists spend in an active, space-faring lifestyle. Firefly, Star Trek, Star Blazers and Star Wars have often been categorized as such.
Science fiction Western: A work of fiction which has elements of science fiction in a Western setting. It is different from a Space Western, which is a frontier story indicative of American Westerns, except transposed to a backdrop of space exploration and settlement. A science fiction Western occurs in the past, or in a world resembling the past, in which modern or future technology exists. The anachronistic technology of these stories is present because scientific paradigms occurred earlier in history but are implemented via industrial elements present at that time, or because technology is brought from another time or place. The genre often overlaps with Steampunk.
Planetary romance: A sub-genre of science fiction in which the bulk of the action consists of adventures on one or more exotic alien planets, characterized by distinctive physical and cultural backgrounds. Some planetary romances take place against the background of a future culture where travel between worlds by spaceship is commonplace; others, particularly the earliest examples of the genre, do not, and invoke flying carpets, astral projection, or other methods of getting between planets. In either case, it is the planetside adventures which are the focus of the story, not the mode of travel.
Space Western: A subgenre of science fiction, primarily grounded in film and television program, that transposes themes of American Western books and film to a backdrop of futuristic space frontiers; it is the complement of the science fiction Western, which transposes science fiction themes onto an American Western setting.
Punk: Several different Science Fiction subgenres, normally categorized by distinct technologies and sciences. The themes tend to be cynical or dystopian, and a person, or group of people, fighting the corruption of the government.
Cyberpunk: A futuristic storyline dealing with people who have been physically or mentally enhanced with cybernetic components, often featuring cyborgs or the singularity as a major theme, and generally somewhat cynical or dystopian (hence the "punk" portion of the name). This is often confused or placed with Techno-thriller, which is actually a separate and less specialized genre.
Postcyberpunk: a subgenre of science fiction which some critics suggest has evolved from cyberpunk. Like its predecessor, postcyberpunk focuses on technological developments in near-future societies, typically examining the social effects of a ubiquitous datasphere of computerized information, genetic engineering, modification of the human body, and the continued impact of perpetual technological change. Unlike "pure" cyberpunk, however, the works in this category feature characters who act to improve social conditions or at least protect the status quo from further decay.
Nanopunk: The genre is similar bio-punk, but depicts a world where the use of biotechnologies are limited or prohibited, so only nanotechnologies in wide use (while in biopunk bio- and nanotechnologies often coexist). Currently the genre is more concerned with the artistic and physiological impact of nanotechnology, than of aspects of the technology itself which is still in its infancy. Unlike the Cyberpunk, a low-life yet technologically advanced character, the personification of a Nanopunk can be set 'hard' or 'soft', depending on your views of the impact Nanotechnology will have on our future.
Retropunk: As a wider variety of writers began to work with cyberpunk concepts, new sub-genres of science fiction emerged, playing off the cyberpunk label, and focusing on technology and its social effects in different ways. Many derivatives of cyberpunk are retro-futuristic, based either on the futuristic visions of past eras, or more recent extrapolations or exaggerations of the actual technology of those eras.
Atompunk: Atompunk relates to the pre-digital, cultural period of 1945-1965, including mid-century Modernism, the "Atomic Age", the "Space Age", Communism and paranoia in the USA along with Soviet styling, underground cinema, Googie architecture, space and the Sputnik, moon landing, superhero-comics, art & radioactivity, the rise of the US military/industrial complex & the fall-out of Chernobyl. Communist analog atompunk is an ultimate lost world. The Fallout series of computer games is an excellent example of Atompunk.
Dieselpunk: Initially proposed as a genre by the creators of the role-playing game Children of the Sun,  dieselpunk refers to fiction inspired by mid-century pulp stories, based on the aesthetics of the interbellum period through World War II (c. 1920-1945). Similar to steampunk though specifically characterized by the rise of petroleum power and technocratic perception, incorporating neo-noir elements and sharing themes more clearly with cyberpunk than steampunk. Though the notability of dieselpunk as a genre is not entirely uncontested, installments ranging from the retro-futuristic film Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow to the 2001 Activision video game Return to Castle Wolfenstein have been suggested as quintessential dieselpunk works of fiction.
Steampunk: A story that takes place around the time steam power was first coming into use. The industrial revolution is a common time frame which steam punk stories take place in, and the steam technology is often actually more advanced than the real technology of time (for instance, Steam Detectives features steam-powered robots). The most immediate form of steampunk subculture is the community of fans surrounding the genre. Others move beyond this, attempting to adopt a "steampunk" aesthetic through fashion, home decor and even music. This movement may also be (perhaps more accurately) described as "Neo-Victorianism," which is the amalgamation of Victorian aesthetic principles with modern sensibilities and technologies. This characteristic is particularly evident in steampunk fashion which tends to synthesize punk, goth and rivet styles as filtered through the Victorian era. As an object style, however, steampunk adopts more distinct characteristics with various craftspersons modding modern-day devices into a pseudo-Victorian mechanical "steampunk" style. The goal of such redesigns is to employ appropriate materials (such as polished brass, iron, and wood) with design elements and craftsmanship consistent with the Victorian era.
Clockpunk: It has been occasionally used to refer to a subgenre of speculative fiction which is similar to steampunk, but deviates in its technology. As with steampunk, it portrays advanced technology based on pre-modern designs, but rather than the steam power of the Industrial Age, the technology used is based on springs, clockwork and similar. Clockpunk is based very intensively on the works of Leonardo da Vinci and as such, it is typically set during the Renaissance. It is regarded as being a type of Steampunk.
Biopunk: A story that is about genetics and biological research (often falling under the horror category). It often focuses on some harmful effects characters have created when they change an animal's code to (unintentionally) create a violent monster. Biopunk emerged during the 1990s and depicts the underground of the biotechnological revolution that was expected to start having a profound impact on humanity in the first half of the 21st century. Biopunk fiction typically describes the struggles of individuals or groups, often the product of human experimentation, against a backdrop of totalitarian governments or megacorporations which misuse biotechnologies as means of social control or profiteering. Unlike cyberpunk, it builds not on information technology but on synthetic biology. As in postcyberpunk however, individuals are usually modified and enhanced not with cyberware, but by genetic manipulation of their chromosomes.
Slice of Life
A Slice of Life is a story that might have no plot, but represents a portion of (everyday) life.
Speculative fiction is a fiction genre speculating about worlds that are unlike the real world in various important ways. In these contexts, it generally overlaps one or more of the following: science fiction, fantasy fiction, horror fiction, supernatural fiction, superhero fiction, utopian and dystopian fiction, apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction, and alternate history.
Slipstream: Fantastic or non-realistic fiction that crosses conventional genre boundaries between science fiction/fantasy and mainstream literary fiction. The term slipstream was coined by cyberpunk author Bruce Sterling in an article originally published in SF Eye #5, July 1989. He wrote: "...this is a kind of writing which simply makes you feel very strange; the way that living in the 20th century makes you feel, if you are a person of a certain sensibility." Slipstream fiction has consequently been referred to as "the fiction of strangeness," which is as clear a definition as any others in wide use.
Supernatural fiction: fiction that exploits or requires as plot devices or themes some contradictions of the commonplace natural world and materialist assumptions about it. It includes the traditional ghost story. The Turn of the Screw by Henry James is an example of a work of literary fiction that is also largely concerned with supernatural fiction elements, making play of the possibility that they are psychological at root, but requiring the option that they are not for effect. The newer speculative fiction genres of horror fiction and fantasy fiction, growing out of some of the basic propositions and generic conventions, to a certain extent replaced it.
Superhero fiction: Subgenre of fiction that deals with superheroes, supervillains, super-powered humans, aliens, or mutants, and their adventures. Distinct from (but often derived from) comic books, animated films, and graphic novels, these are prose stories and full-length novels. Superhero fiction is a type of speculative fiction. This subgenre is often considered part of the genres of science fiction, fantasy, action, adventure, horror, or detective mystery fiction. Some are stand alone novels, some books in a series, and some are anthologies. Some are individual or unique creations while others are corporate product or promotional tie-ins. Some are also the novelizations of films or television series. The largest and longest running of the corporate series are those associated with the DC Universe and the Marvel Universe.
Utopian and dystopian fiction: The utopia and its offshoot, the dystopia, are genres of literature that explore social and political structures. Utopian fiction is the creation of an ideal world, or utopia, as the setting for a novel. Dystopian fiction is the opposite: creation of a nightmare world, or dystopia. Many novels combine both, often as a metaphor for the different directions humanity can take in its choices, ending up with one of two possible futures. Both utopias and dystopias are commonly found in science fiction and other speculative fiction genres, and arguably are by definition a type of speculative fiction. More than 400 utopian works were published prior to the year 1900 in the English language alone, with more than a thousand others during the 20th century.
Weird fiction: Speculative literature written in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Weird fiction is distinguished from horror and fantasy in that it predates the niche marketing of genre fiction. Because genre or stylistic conventions had not been established, weird tales often blend the supernatural, mythical, and even scientific. British "weird" authors, for example, published their work in mainstream literary magazines even after American pulp magazines became popular. Although "weird fiction" is chiefly a historical description for works through the 1930s, the term has also been used since the 1980s, sometimes to refer to slipstream fiction that blends horror, fantasy, and science fiction.
Suppositional fiction is a subcategory in which stories and characters are constrained within an internally consistent world, but this category is not necessarily associated with any particular genre. A work of suppositional fiction might be science fiction, alternate history, mystery, horror, or even suppositional fantasy, depending on the intent and focus of the author. An author of suppositional fiction is free to "pull the rabbit out of the hat", but her characters are not–they must have the tools and abilities she has set out as requirements or they are as powerless as any of us. Contrast this with less constrained genres in which characters can do pretty much anything from moment to moment, even things previously established to be impossible, or things not logically explicable.
A Thriller is a story that is usually a mix of fear and excitement. It has traits from the suspense genre and often from the action, adventure or mystery genres, but the level of terror makes it borderline horror fiction at times as well. It generally has a dark or serious theme, which also makes it similar to drama.
Disaster-thriller: A thriller story about mass peril, where the protagonist's job is to both survive, and to save many other people from a grim fate, often a natural disaster such as a storm or volcanic eruption, but which may also be a terrorist attack or epidemic of some sort.
Psychological thriller: A thriller that emphasizes the psychological condition of the hero that presents obstacles to his objective, rather than the action. Some psychological thrillers are also about complicated stories that try to deliberately confuse the audience, often by showing them only the same confusing or seemingly nonsensical information that the hero gains.
Crime thriller: A thriller story that revolves around the life of detectives, mobs, or other groups associated with criminal events in the story.
Techno-thriller: A thriller story whose theme is usually technology, or the danger behind the technology people use, including the threat of cyber terrorism such as State of Fear.
Urban fiction, also known as Street lit, is a literary genre set, as the name implies, in a city landscape; however, the genre is as much defined by the race and culture of its characters as the urban setting. The tone for urban fiction is usually dark, focusing on the underside. Profanity (all of George Carlin's seven dirty words and urban variations thereof), sex and violence are usually explicit, with the writer not shying away from or watering-down the material. In this respect, urban fiction shares some common threads with dystopian or survivalist fiction. Often statements derogatory to white people (or at least what is perceived as the dominant Eurocentric culture and power structure) are made, usually by the characters. However, in the second wave of urban fiction, some variations of this model have been seen.
See also: Film genre
Animation: the use of computer renderings or drawings (or occasionally photos of representational objects, known as stop-motion animation or claymation) shown in a sequence in order to depict an action or event rather than using the filming of live actors.
Traditional Animation: also known as "cel animation", this is one of the oldest animation subgenres. Basically, it is a way of animating a cartoon by drawing and painting pictures by hand. Each drawing or painting is a different frame of animation, and when they are flipped or put in sequence at the right speed, they give the illusion of movement. Examples are Beauty and the Beast and Spirited Away.
Stop motion: similar to Traditional Animation; however, instead of using hand drawn pictures, stop motion films are made with small figurines or other objects that have their picture taken many times in order to provide the animation frames. Examples are The Nightmare Before Christmas, Coraline, and The Corpse Bride.
Computer Generated imagery (CGI): A genre of animation that includes animating a cartoon on a computer modeling program. Models of characters or props are created on the computer, and then programmed to do something specific. Then, when the animation is completely programed, the computer can play a completely computer generated movie. CGI is often used for the visual effects in Live Action films as well. Examples are Up or Toy Story.
Puppetry: Although it is technically live action, puppetry is a different way of "animating" a movie and puppets are often used in lieu of live actors. Usually, there are small figurines or figures (similar to stop motion), but these are controlled and filmed in real time. Like CGI, puppetry can be found in Live Action films as a method of achieving a special effect. Examples are The Muppets and The Dark Crystal.
Live action: The filming or videotaping of live actors instead of animation. Essentially, it is filming using real people, props and sets.
Action comedy: A subgenre of comedy which emphasizes physically humorous antics, unorthodox body-language and oftentimes exasperating situations. Examples are: Charlie Chaplin, Jackie Chan, and Lucille Ball.
Slapstick is a type of comedy involving exaggerated physical violence and activities which exceed the boundaries of common sense. These hyperbolic depictions are often found in children's media, and light comedies.
Documentary: A story that re-tells events rather than create them. Usually, it is about true historic events.
Mockumentary: A story that employs the style of the documentary to present fictional, and generally humorous, events or characters. Very common in film and television programs, both as a full film or series, or as a brief sequence or episode within a larger work. Examples include This Is Spinal Tap, Best In Show and SpongeBob SquarePants.
List of adult television channels: (Rated shows)
Animated series: A television show which is traditionally, stop-motion or 2D or 3D computer animation.
Art: shares some of the same traits of art films. Television shows such as David Lynch's Twin Peaks series and BBC's The Singing Detective also have "...a loosening of causality, a greater emphasis on psychological or anecdotal realism, violations of classical clarity of space and time, explicit authorial comment, and ambiguity."
Children's series: A television show which is aimed at kids and/or children and/or families.
Documentary: A documentary is a feature-length or near-feature length film depicting a real-world event or person, told in a journalistic style (if told in a literary narrative style the result is often a docudrama). Example: Hoop Dreams, The Thin Blue Line (documentary)
Docudrama: A program depicting some sort of historical or current news event, with specific changes or fabrications for legal, continuity or entertainment reasons. Depending on the quality of the feature and intended audience, these changes can minimally or completely change the story in relation to the actual events. These programs often depict crime or criminals but can also be used to depict heroics or tell a less-explored side of a well-known story. Example: United 93 (film) by Paul Greengrass depicts the events aboard United Airlines Flight 93 on September 11, 2001 via reconstruction from the available evidence. Since the specific words the passengers exchanged while planning their assault on the cockpit will never be known, the filmmakers created the dialogue based on research and evidence. The Onion Field is another example. This genre is often criticized for creating sensationalized programs intended to capitalize on public interest in lurid news stories; in the case of the Scott Peterson murder trial, a docudrama starring Dean Cain was filmed and aired during jury deliberations.
Dramality: a combination of television drama and reality television genres (e.g., the soap opera The Only Way Is Essex).
Medical Drama: A medical drama is based around a team of medics helping patients who have been involved in accidents serious or otherwise. Most commonly, an accident occurs which results in the medics being called to help the injured. Most are usually based around a hospital, however, some are based around a mobile medical team etc. Examples of this genre are Casualty, Holby City and ER.
Educational: A type of program that helps kids learn their basics to go through school.
Reality: A purportedly unscripted show (although evidence suggests some scripting or manipulation occurs) featuring non-actors interacting with each other or dealing with invented or contrived challenges, such as competing against others for a prize. Produced in a similar fashion as the documentary film genre, but with more emphasis on the showing of interpersonal conflict, emotional reactions, or unusual occurrences. The genre has numerous widely-varying sub-genres (see main article).
Game Show: A television show depicting a real contest, typically a trivia competition or physical challenge, with rewards in prizes or money. The players may include celebrities.
Music television: A program where viewers listen to music on the television similar to a radio station apart from commonly having a visual or complete music video,
News show: A television program depicting real, up-to-date events.
Current Affairs: Broadcast journalism where the emphasis is on detailed analysis and discussion of a news story.
Police procedural: A television genre some say was pioneered by the popular show Dragnet. The stories revolve around a crime that has been committed and must be solved by the end of the episode following a very generic and usually unchanging structure of events. The crime is committed, witnesses are questioned, an arrest occurs, and then a judicial conclusion wraps it up. As the name implies, the show communicates everything "by the book," as it would happen in real life. In such modern Police Procedurals such as Law & Order, you see and hear even the officers reading freshly arrested criminals their Miranda rights. Not quite as dramatic or action-oriented as the Dick Tracy-style of detective shows.
Public affairs (broadcasting):
Religious: A program produced by religious organizations, usually with a religious message. It can include church services, talk/variety shows, and dramatic movies. Within the last two decades, most religious programming is found on religious television networks.
Serial: A television show which is one continuous story. Each episode picks up from where the last one left off. The story may shift with a new season.
Sitcom: Short for Situational Comedy, a generally lighthearted genre which features characters having to deal with odd or uncomfortable situations or misunderstandings.
Soap opera: A television show which is one continuous story. Usually on every day of the week instead of once a week. Can go on for over 20 years. Example: All My Children, Days of our Lives, The Young and the Restless, General Hospital, and Coronation Street
Telenovela: A television serial melodrama popular in Latin America. They are similar to a soap opera in miniseries format. They often feature Love and Drama, as well as other situations depending on the genre of telenovela. Examples include: Desire (TV series), Fashion House and Wicked Wicked Games.
Video game genres
Genres in video games are somewhat different than other forms of art because they are very seldom based on theme, style, tone, or audience as in film or literature. Instead most video game genres are based on the way in which the player interacts with the game. Genres from other types of media like science-fiction or fantasy are sometimes applied to games, but rarely does this concept of genre ever supplant the types described below.
Main article: Video game genres
Genres unique to video games:
Shooter: A game where the main purpose is to fight using, and/or shoot guns.
First-person shooter: A variant of the shooting game. In the game, the camera is actually in place of the character's eyes, so that you are playing the game from his or her view.
Third-person shooter: A shooting game where the camera angle is actually hovering over the playable character as you play.
Massively multiplayer online First-person shooter (MMOFPS): is an online gaming genre which features a persistent world and a large number of simultaneous players in a first-person shooter fashion. These games provide large-scale, sometimes team-based combat.
Strategy: A game where the purpose is to strategize. You have an opponent with the same abilities as you, more or less, and to beat him, you must use your abilities in a much more tactical way.
Real-time strategy (RTS): A strategy game where everybody plays at the same time, and races to think of a better strategy than the other players. Most of these video games are about military.
Massively multiplayer online real-time strategy (MMORTS): A Real Time Strategy game that is played online. Many players can sign on a play at the same time, creating empires and battling each other.
Turn-based strategy: A strategy game where everybody takes turns. Once everybody has placed their units and military characters in the right spot they can't move again until the next turn begins.
Musical: A game where music is usually played. To win, the players must match the rhythm of the music by pushing the right button combination until their opponents are unable to keep up with them. Not to be confused with the stage musical or musical film, which are stories that feature characters singing about the events in the plot.
Simulation: A game where you must manage and develop fictitious business. For example, in a game you might be asked the manage and build a zoo, and the game simulates this for you in as accurate a way as possible.
Simulation shooter: A game that features the basic mechanics of a shooter, where using a gun is the primary method of gameplay, but emphasizes realism, often incorporating features like ballistics and realistic character damage.
Simulation strategy: A strategy game that emphasizes realism, such as the Total War series of games, usually focusing on a specific time and location in human history, such as the Roman Empire.
Puzzle: A game where you must solve puzzles in order to progress through the levels.
Party: A type of game, mostly suitable for multiple players and social gatherings. In most of these, the player or players compete or cooperate in smaller games, or minigames, within the main game.
Platform: A Game Where the player must jump on to various platforms to evade obstacles and reach their goal, these games are fairly linear most of the time with levels adhering to a simple A to B structure.
Fighting: A game where two or more playable characters fight. Each character usually has their own unique moves, and the goal of the game, usually, is to be the last man standing.
Role-playing game (RPG): A game that isn't (necessarily) about combat. It is a game where the player plays a character, and goes around pretending to be a real person in a fictitious world. This is also similar to non-video game forms of gaming that involve roleplaying, including play by post gaming and tabletop roleplaying games.
Massive multiplayer online role playing game (MMORPG): A game similar to a regular Role Playing Game, but it is a multiplayer game played via the internet. During this game, thousands of players from around the world can play the same game at the same time and chat with each other. Players sign onto the game and complete quests while exploring the virtual world. Many MMORPGs are free to play by just signing up on the specific game site and downloading the game file but some require a monthly fee.
Survival/horror: Survival horror games place the player in a horrifying situation to which he/she must escape. The major emphasis of most survival horror games is placed upon tension and a truly terrifying or grizzly scenario. Solving clever or complicated puzzles is a major characteristic of the genre. Examples of survival horror games include the Silent Hill, Siren, Resident Evil, Clock Tower, and Parasite Eve series.
Main article: Music genre
Middle Ages: Music composed from around the middle of the 5th century to the middle of the 15th century, largely characterized by monophonic and polyphonic music.
Renaissance: Music largely composed from the middle of the 15th century to around 1600.
Baroque: Music composed from around 1600 to the middle of the 18th century.
Classical: Music that was composed from around the middle of the 18th century until the early 19th century. Also includes some more recently-written music (neo-classical) that contains many of the same musical elements.
Romantic: Music composed from the early 19th century to about 1900. Also includes more recently-written music (Neo-romantic) that contains similar musical elements.
20th century: A wide classification of music composed in the 20th century. This music deals largely with sound experimentation and moving away from the traditional tendencies of tonality.
Opera, Operette and Zarzuela
Folk: Musical adaptations of old stories that were passed from generation to generation. Considered somewhat more niche now. Also see Neofolk, Folk Noir, Pagan Folk.
Country music is a genre of American popular music that began in the rural regions of the Southern United States in the 1920s. It takes its roots from southeastern American folk music and Western music. Blues modes have been used extensively throughout its recorded history. Country music often consists of ballads and dance tunes with generally simple forms and harmonies accompanied by mostly string instruments such as banjos, electric and acoustic guitars, fiddles, and harmonicas.
The term country music gained popularity in the 1940s in preference to the earlier term hillbilly music; it came to encompass Western music, which evolved parallel to hillbilly music from similar roots, in the mid-20th century. The term country music is used today to describe many styles and subgenres. In 2009 country music was the most listened to rush hour radio genre during the evening commute, and second most popular in the morning commute in the United States.
Rock: Music that originated from Folk and Blues. It used newer electrical instruments instead of relying solely on the classical woodwinds and stringed instruments. It first became popular in the mid-20th century because of famous bands like The Beatles.
Heavy metal: Similar to Rock, and generally considered a subgenre of it. It usually uses the same electrical instruments, but the music is more intense and less "pop" in style (see below) such as Black Sabbath or Iron Maiden.
Punk rock: a rock music genre that developed between 1974 and 1976 in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia. Rooted in garage rock and other forms of what is now known as protopunk music, punk rock bands eschewed the perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock. Includes work by The Adverts, the Sex Pistols and The Clash.
Pop: "Pop music" once referred to any popular music during the time period, though the term has slowly gained use as a more specific (yet still somewhat vague) genre descriptor for music with a catchy, relatively consistent melody, among other aspects. It is commonly placed as having started in the mid-20th century, alongside Rock music. Much dance music falls under this genre, and much modern Rock music is considered to include elements of it as well, since bands such as the Beatles were a significant stylistic influence on what is now considered Pop.
Rhythm and blues (R&B) - an evolving range of genres that first began to develop in the early 20th century.
Blues: A somewhat somber, quieter style of music whose name refers to the unhappiness of the performer, and which gained popularity in the early 20th century alongside Jazz, and influenced the early development of Rock music. A major genre within R&B, and one of its earliest genres as well.
Hip hop - more rhythmically-based, mostly urban-derived genres, with a wide array of subgenres between them.
Jazz - Jazz originated at the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States from a confluence of African and European music traditions. Jazz has, from its early 20th century inception, spawned a variety of subgenres, from New Orleans Dixieland dating from the early 1910s, big band-style swing from the 1930s and 1940s, bebop from the mid-1940s, a variety of Latin jazz fusions such as Afro-Cuban and Brazilian jazz from the 1950s and 1960s, jazz-rock fusion from the 1970s and late 1980s developments such as acid jazz, which blended jazz influences into funk and hip-hop.
Electronic music - music that employs electronic musical instruments and electronic music technology in its production. It consists of a number of separate genres, many of which are still evolving. One major category within this form of music is electronic dance music (EDM) which consists of a multitude of genres and sub-genres and is primarily associated with the dance and club scene.
Breakbeat - a group of related sub-genres of electronic music, usually characterized by the use of a non-straightened[clarify] 4/4 drum pattern (as opposed to the steady beat of house or trance). Includes work by The Chemical Brothers, Fatboy Slim and Orbital.
Drum and Bass or Jungle - a type of electronic dance music which emerged in the late 1980s which is characterized by fast breaks and basslines. Includes work by Roni Size, Chase & Status and London Elektricity.
Ambient - a musical genre that focuses on the timbral characteristics of sounds, particularly organised or performed to evoke an "atmospheric", "visual" or "unobtrusive" quality.
Downtempo - a laid-back electronic music style similar to ambient music, but usually with a beat or groove unlike the beatless forms of Ambient music.
Electro - a genre of electronic music directly influenced by the use of TR-808 and funk records. Includes work by Kraftwerk.
House - a style of electronic dance music that originated in Chicago, Illinois, USA in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Includes work by Fedde Le Grand and Frankie Knuckles.
Trance - a style of electronic dance music that is generally characterized by a tempo of between approximately 128 and 150 BPM, melodic synthesizer phrases, and a musical form that is progressive as it builds up and down throughout a track. Includes work by Darude, ATB and Chicane.
Techno - a form of electronic dance music that emerged in Detroit, Michigan, USA during the mid-to-late 1980s. Includes work by Tomcraft, Leftfield and Moby.
UK Garage - several different varieties of modern electronic dance music generally connected to the evolution of house in the United Kingdom from early/mid-1990s. Includes work by T2, The Artful Dodger and Shanks & Bigfoot.
Reggae - a music genre first developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. While sometimes used in a broader sense to refer to most types of Jamaican music, the term reggae more properly denotes a particular music style that originated following on the development of ska and rocksteady. Reggae is based on a rhythmic style characterized by accents on the off-beat, known as the skank. Reggae is normally slower than ska. Reggae usually accents the second and fourth beat in each bar. Reggae song lyrics deal with many subjects, including religion, love, sexuality, peace, relationships, drugs, poverty, injustice and other social and political issues.
Calypso: A music form that developed in the mid-20th century out of Kaiso music. The genre became a worldwide hit in the 1950s when the 1956 album titled Calypso was the first full-length record to sell more than a million copies. Calypso's most notable and popular subgenre is Soca music.
Move Rank Series On-Air # Length Source Amazon
0 1 Star Trek - The Next Generation 1987-1994 176 60* synd Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 2 Battlestar Galactica (new) 2003-10 84 60 Syfy/Sky Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 3 Stargate SG-1 1997-2007 214 60 Show/SF Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
1 4 The Twilight Zone 1959-1964 156 30/60 CBS Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 5 The X-Files 1993-2002 202 60 Fox Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 6 Star Trek (Original Series) 1966-1969 79 60 NBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 7 Babylon 5 1993-1999 115 60* syn/TNT Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 8 Farscape 1999-2003 88 60 Syfy Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 9 Stargate - Atlantis 2004-2009 100 60 Syfy Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
3 10 The Outer Limits 1963-1966 49 60 ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 11 Doctor Who (2005) 2005-X 77+ 45 BBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-2 12 Star Trek - Deep Space Nine 1993-1999 174 60* synd Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 13 Firefly 2002 15 60 Fox Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 14 Star Trek - Voyager 1995-2001 171 60* UPN Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 15 The Avengers (with Emma Peel) 1965-1967 50 60 ITV Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
2 16 Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea 1964-1968 110 60 ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
2 17 Time Tunnel 1966-1967 30 60 ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-2 18 Futurama 1999-2003 72+ 30 Fox Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
2 19 The Invaders 1967-1968 43 60 ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
3 20 The Adventures of Superman 1953-1957 104 30 ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
3 21 My Favorite Martian 1963-1966 107 30 CBS Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-5 22 Doctor Who 1963-1989 694 30* BBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
2 23 Science Fiction Theatre 1955-1957 78 30 synd Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-4 24 Star Trek - Enterprise 2001-2005 98 60 UPN Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-3 25 Lost 2004-2010 121 60 ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
1 26 The Invisible Man (1950s) 1958-59 26 30 ITV Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 27 Red Dwarf 1988-1999 52 30 BBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 28 Quantum Leap 1989-1994 95 60* NBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 29 Heroes 2006-2010 78 60 NBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
1 30 Battlestar Galactica (original) 1978-1980 34 60* ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 31 Sliders 1995-2000 88 60 Fox/SF Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 32 Smallville 2001-2011 216 60 WB Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 33 Eureka 2006-2012 77 60 Syfy Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
1 34 Fringe 2008-X 87+ 60 Fox Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 35 Stargate Universe 2009-2011 40 60 Syfy Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
2 36 Andromeda 2000-2005 110 60 synd Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 37 Dark Angel 2000-2002 43 60 Fox Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 38 Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy 1981 6 35 BBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 39 V (1984) 1984-1985 24 60* NBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 40 The 4400 2004-2007 45 60 USA Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 41 Terminator (Sarah Connor) 2008-2009 31 60 Fox Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 42 Blake's 7 1978-1981 52 60 BBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
1 43 Torchwood 2006-2011 41 50 BBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 44 The Prisoner 1967-1968 17 60 ITV Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
1 45 Space - Above and Beyond 1995 22 60 Fox Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 46 Mystery Science Theater 3000 1988-1999 197 90 Com/SF Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 47 Space 1999 1975-1977 48 60 ITV Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 48 Dune (2000) 2000 3 120 Syfy Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 49 Lost in Space 1965-1968 83 60 CBS Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 50 Cowboy Bebop 1998 26 30 TV Tokyo Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 51 The Outer Limits (1995) 1995-2002 154 60 Show/SF Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 52 Lexx 1997-2002 61 90/60 synd/SF Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 53 Buck Rogers in the 25th Century 1979-1981 33 60* NBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 54 Alias 2001-06 105 60 ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 55 Third Rock From the Sun 1996-2001 139 30 NBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 56 Roswell 1999-2002 61 60 WB/UPN Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 57 Alien Nation 1989-1990 21 60* Fox Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 58 seaQuest DSV (& 2032) 1993-1995 53 60 NBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
4 59 Dollhouse 2009 P+26 60 Fox Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 60 Lois & Clark (New Superman) 1993-1997 88 60 ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-2 61 The Man From U.N.C.L.E. 1964-1968 105 60 NBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 62 UFO 1970-1971 26 60 ITV Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 63 Max Headroom - The Series 1987-1988 14 60* ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 64 Thunderbirds 1965-1966 32 60 ATV Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
3 65 Sanctuary 2007-2011 59 20/60 Syfy Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 66 Kolchak - The Night Stalker 1974-1975 20 60 ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 67 The Six Million Dollar Man 1973-1978 100 60* ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 68 The Wild, Wild West 1965-1969 104 60 CBS Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 69 Earth 2 1994-1995 22 60/P NBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
1 70 Ghost in the Shell: SAC 2002-04 52 30 Prod IG Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 71 Crusade 1999 13 60 TNT Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
1 72 Earth - Final Conflict 1997-2002 110 60 synd Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 73 ALF 1986-1990 102 30 NBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 74 Batman 1966-1968 120 30 ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 75 Millennium 1996-1999 67 60 Fox Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 76 Get Smart 1965-1969 138 30 NBC/CBS Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 77 The (New) Twilight Zone 1985-1987 36 60/30 CBS/syn Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
1 78 Taken 2002 10 120 Syfy Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 79 Logan's Run 1977-1978 13 60 CBS Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
5 80 V (2009) 2009-2011 22 60 ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 81 Planet of the Apes 1974 14 60 CBS Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-2 82 The Jetsons 1962-1963 24 30 ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 83 Adventures of Brisco County Jr 1993-1994 27 60/P Fox Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 84 Neon Genesis Evangelion 1995-96 26 30 Gainax Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 85 The Incredible Hulk 1977-1982 79 60 CBS Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 86 Mork and Mindy 1978-1982 92 30* ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
1 87 Æon Flux 1991-1995 16 30* MTV Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-1 88 Wonder Woman 1974-1979 57 60 ABC/CBS Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 89 Star Trek (Animated Series) 1973-1974 22 30 NBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 90 Knight Rider 1982-86 90 60 NBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 91 The Greatest American Hero 1981-1983 44 60 ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 92 Sapphire and Steel 1979-1982 34 30 ATV Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 93 Amazing Stories 1985-1987 43 30* NBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
1 94 Captain Scarlet & the Mysterons 1968 32 30 ITV Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
1 95 Land of the Giants 1968-1970 51 60 ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
1 96 Invasion 2005-06 22 60 ABC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
-3 97 The Bionic Woman 1976-1978 57 60 ABC/NBC Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 98 Primeval 2007-X 36+ 60 ITV Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 99 Jeremiah 2002-2004 34 50 Show Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
0 100 7 Days 1998-2001 66 60 UPN Shop at Amazon USA Shop at Amazon UK Video on demand
Lists & Polls
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Next 100 Sci-Fi Books
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Top 100 Sci-Fi Short Stories
Next 100 Sci-Fi Short Stories
Top 100 Fantasy Book Series
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Apocalyptic Newer Books
Basically Big New Wave
Collections Planets 1
Cyberpunk Planets 2
Empires Pulp Fiction
Faulty Futures Religion
Mars Space Opera
Military Time Twisting
Early Films Pioneers
Fifties 1 Anthologies
Fifties 2 British
Eighties Comic Capers
Nineties 1 Anime
Nineties 2 70s & 80s
2000s Pt 1 Starships 1
2000s Pt 2 Humour
Aliens Time Trippers
Cult Films Nineties
Fun Films Aliens
Mechanoids Starships 2
Trekker Treats Trekker Treat2
Offbeat Films The 2000s
Space Sagas More 2000s