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ORIGIN OF THE INDIAN POLICE
by George E. Virgines
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Folks, Here is the story entitled “Origin of the Indian Police,” by George E. Virgines - a much needed history of one of the most valuable sources of law protection on our western frontier. When I first found this, I didn’t realize it’s importance but as I read, I discovered the stories of these brave Indian lawmen and, of those, who had the courage and conviction to organize and lead them. Even before the inception of the formal organization of Indian Police, this story relates the beginning at Fort Defiance, in 1872, a Navajo police was formed – within a few years, a Special Indian Commissioner, General O. O. Howard, recruited about 100 Navajos and placed them under the famed war chief Manuelito – who became their Captain. A man named John P. Clum did a similar thing with the Apaches in 1873. Their success culminated in 1878 with Washington creating a general police force overseeing Indian Reservations – the aim being to relieve the Army of that duty. This recites Indian Police history where 70 officers and 700 private served commencing in 1890 with a starting salary of $8.00 per month for officers and $5.00 for privates. In 1906, the pay was increased to $25.00 per month for officers and $20.00 for privates. This goes further to explain the type of uniform, the badges of the various and respective troops and the ammo and rifles which were often in unserviceable condition. Yet, in spite of those conditions, the Indian police had a historic record of loyalty and perseverance in their designated assignment.
This contains names of some of those so named and honored – the first I have found ever appearing in a western publication.
“Despite the discouraging factors of low wages, mostly ill-fitting uniforms and sub-standard firearms, these red skinned sleuths proved themselves indispensable, readily adapting to law and order and ultimately establishing peaceful relations between red men and white despite great drawbacks.”
Please read this. There were many a western story published – the common ones about cowboy and Indians are listed on Ebay every day but the rarer ones about the good and worthy Indian Police of the old west like this one are seldom found. Collectors treasure them and their price guide value rises every day. They are hard to find. I hunt them out cause really the better, untold and rarer stories were published in the rest.
Here’s one of ‘em.
Following my retirement, I have dedicated my remaining hours to indexing the Genealogy of our western pioneers. During my research, I discovered that thousands of our kinfolk lay unfound and unrecognized on some book dealer’s shelf gathering dust. Because Old Western History and Memorabilia was printed before computer indexing, I index every item I sell.
This complete index will be bound and included in this offering at no additional cost.
Humbly, I am trying to keep our history alive.
I hope you appreciate the effort.
ORGIN OF THE INDIAN POLICE
By George E. Virgines
ANCESTORS INDEXED HEREIN, CIRCA 1860s – 1960s
ANCESTOR’S LOCATION: WESTERN UNITED STATES
GENEALOGY NAMES INDEXED w * INDICATING PICTURE:
BIG MEDICINE, Chief of Police in the Crow Reservation
CLUM, John P., Agent for Apaches at San Carlos, Arizona
EAGLE MAN, Dakota Indian Policeman *
HOWARD, O. O., General, Special Indian Commissioner
LeFLORE, Charles, Captain of the Choctaws
MANUELITO, Captain of the Navajo Police
PARKER, Cynthia Ann
PARKER, Quanah, Chief of the Comanches
PETA NOCONA, Comanche Chief
RED TOMAHAWK, Dakota Indian Policeman *
SIXSHOOTER, Sam, Captain of the Union Agency Police
SWORD, George (Miwaka Yuhala), Captain, Pine Ridge Agency Police *
VIRGINES, George E., Author
PICTURES AND DESCRIPTIONS w * INDICATING PICTURE:
Picture 1: Navajo Police Patrolman Badge No. 52. *
Picture 2: Red Tomahawk and Eagle Man, Dakota Indian Police. *
Picture 3: Indian police badge, buckle and whistle, part of the author’s collection of Old West mementos. *
Picture 4: Indian policeman George Sword (Miwaka Yukala, or, He Has a Sword). *
PLACES AND THINGS PROMINENTLY MENTIONED:
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Dakota Indian Police
Department of Interior
Department of War
Idaho Blackfoot Indian Police
Indian Police Headquarters, Window Rock, Arizona
Missouri Pacific Railroad
Oklahoma Historical Society
Pine Ridge Agency Police
Union Agency Police
HISTORY OF THE INDIAN POLICE
by George E. Virgines
OLD INDIAN POLICE MEMORABILIA
IS RAPIDLY DISAPPEARING
While others clip ads from magazines, I save history. It’s a shame that our past is being lost. It’s as simple as that.
My wife kids me that after I find a piece I like, buy it, read it, research it, take a picture, scan it, write the blurb, pay the Ebay entry fee and commission, that I end up making about 50 cents an hour. But, OH HOW I LOVE THIS OLD WESTERN HISTORY. What a story, Rare Story!!! Great Pictures. You will love it as it was published in this old complete western magazine of many years ago. The issue is in excellent condition, the cover is pristine and in vibrant color.
As clearly stated in my description, this is featured story in a rarely found and seldom read unusual and complete western magazine. I don't give out name of publication or date because I have caught competitors copying my index and work and trying to sell it as theirs. I hope you understand.
Buyer pays postage of $3.50 First Class Postage to U. S., $4.50 to Canada, $5.00 Priority Mail, $13.25 Priority Air Mail ffor International Mail. Texans must pay 8-¼ % sales tax. Thanks,
THE INDEX IS A GENEALOGY IMAGESOFHISTORY COPYRIGHTED PRESENTATION