Inter-Allied Victory Medal, United States of America official issue, 1917-1918 with original 'AVIATION' bar
Circular bronze medal on original mounted for wear with ‘AVIATION’ bar. The idea of an inter-allied medal to commemorate victory in what was termed ‘The Great War for Civilisation’ is credited to the French Field-Marshal Foch. It was agreed that each of the Allies should issue a medal to their nationals featuring a figure representing ‘Victory’ on the front and have a symmetric double rainbow ribbon with red, the colour of courage and sacrifice at the centre, representing the colours of the allies flags and presenting an allegory of calm after storm. The original intention to institute the American version of the medal by Act of Congress never materialised and it was left to the Service Departments to do so by General Orders. This was done by the Army in April 1919 and by the Navy in June 1919, to be awarded for active service between 6 April 1917 and 11 November 1918. The award was later extended to those who served in European Russia between 12 November 1918 and 5 August 1919 and with the Expeditionary Force in Asian Russia between 23 November 1918 and 1 April 1920. It was designed by the eminent sculptor James Earle Fraser (1876-1953).
‘AVIATION’ bar (Navy)
For service on the high seas on such duty east of the 37th meridian and north of the equator between Apr 6th 1917 and Nov 11th 1918 , and on the high seas of the Atlantic ocean north of the equator between May 25th and Nov 11th 1918.
A rare medal.
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