Michael H.R. Tolkien’s copy of:
"Monarchy - A Sudy Of Louis XIV". Cassell,
1938, first edition, 392pp., illustrated. This copy was a birthday present from
Priscilla Tolkien to her brother Michael with gift lables pasted in “Mikey from
prisca October 22nd 1944”
& “FROM (printed) Prisca with very much love” handwritten.
Also Michael Tolkien’s characteristic hand written book ownership
inscription, with his address “Trinity College, Oxford, October 22nd
1944” ALSO! Tolkien has also hightlighted several
passages for special note! PLEASE see
our future auctions, several more Michael Tolkien books will be listed, some
pretty obscure and controversial titles!
MICHAEL H.R. TOLKIEN
WAS THE SECOND ELDEST SON OF J.R.R. TOLKIEN.
He was a devout Catholic like his father, studied
at Oxford, and taught at various schools including Stonyhurst. He took a great
interest in politics and was close to The anti-Semitic Britons Society, he had
copies of their works personally inscribed to him such as Nesta Webster’s World
Revolution. Correspondence shows that he was a possible inheritor of the
Britons Library. He also corresponded with A.K. Chesterton & the League of
Empire Loyalists. J.R.R. Tolkien had been a subscriber to “Candour”the journal
edited by Chesterton. Michael Tolkien’s collection of books included most of
the works by Hilaire Belloc, Denis Fahey, texts on monetary reform, Social
Credit literature etc.
Main article: J. R. R. Tolkien
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien CBE (3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an
English philologist, writer and professor of Oxford University.
He was a devout Roman Catholic.
Much of Tolkien's published fiction is a connected body of tales,
fictional histories, invented languages, and literary essays about an imagined
world called Arda, and Middle-earth (derived from the Old English word
middangeard, the lands inhabitable by humans) in particular, loosely identified
as an "alternative" remote past of our own world. Tolkien applied the
word legendarium to the totality of these writings. Most of the "legendarium"
was edited and posthumously published by his son Christopher.
While Tolkien was preceded by other fantasy authors, his enduringly
popular and successful works have had a remarkable influence on the
genre. Thus he has been popularly identified as the "father of
modern fantasy literature", or to be precise, high fantasy. L.
Sprague de Camp and others consider him the father of modern fantasy together
with sword and sorcery author Robert E. Howard (creator of Conan the Barbarian)
Arthur Reuel Tolkien (c. February 1857—15 February 1896), the father of
author J.R.R. Tolkien, was born in Handsworth, Staffordshire, England. He was
the eldest child of John Benjamin Tolkien and Mary Jane Stowe, who had
married on 16 February 1856 in All Saints Parish Church, Birmingham,
Arthur had 6 siblings:
Mabel Tolkien (1858–1937), who married Thomas Evans Mitton;
Grace Bindley Tolkien (b. 1861), who married William Charles Mountain;
Florence Mary Tolkien (b. 1863), who married Tom Hadley;
Marian Esther Tolkien (1866–1934), who married Frederick William
Wilfred Henry Tolkien (1870–1938), a stockbroker, who married Katherine
Madeleine Green; and
Lawrence George H. Tolkien (b. 1873), a life and fire insurance
secretary, who married (Emily) Grace McGregor.
Arthur's father John had previously been married to Jane Holmwood, with
whom he had four children: Emily (b. 1838), Louisa (b. 1840), John Benjamin (b.
1845), and Jane (b. 1846).
John Benjamin Tolkien had been a piano teacher and tuner, as well as a
music seller, but he had gone bankrupt in 1877, when he was described as
"John Benjamin Tolkien, of High-street, Birmingham, in the county of
Warwick, Pianoforte and Music Seller". Arthur did not follow his father
into the traditional Tolkien trade in pianos, which many of his London cousins
also followed; instead he became a bank clerk and ended up moving to
Bloemfontein in the Orange Free State (now part of South Africa), where he
became manager of the Bloemfontein branch of the Bank of Africa. A furniture
shop[dead link] now occupies the Bradlow’s Building on the site where the
bank once stood, on the corner of West Burger and Maitland Streets.
Arthur was later joined by his fiancée, Mabel Suffield. They were
married on 16 April 1891 at the St. George's Cathedral, Cape Town, Cape Colony
(now Cape Province, South Africa). Two children (John Ronald Reuel (b. 1892)
and Hilary Arthur Reuel (b. 1894) followed, and the family lived next door to
Mabel Tolkien felt the English climate would be better for the boys'
health and returned to England with them in 1895. Arthur remained in South
Africa, where he died of severe haemorrhage following rheumatic fever, on 15
February 1896, before he had the opportunity to join his family in England.
He is buried in President Brand Cemetery, on the corner of Church and
Rhodes Avenues, Bloemfontein
Mabel Tolkien, born Suffield (1870– 14 November 1904) was the mother of
J. R. R. Tolkien.
Her parents, John Suffield and Emily Jane Sparrow, lived in Stirling
Road, Birmingham and owned a shop in the city centre. The Suffield family had a
business in a building called Lamb House since 1812. From 1812 William Suffield
ran a book and stationery shop there; Tolkien's great-grandfather, also John
Suffield, was there from 1826 with a drapery and hosiery business.
Her husband Arthur Tolkien's death in South Africa in 1896 left her and
their two young sons without a source of income. At first, they lived with
her parents in Birmingham, then moved to Sarehole (now in Hall Green), then a
Worcestershire village, later annexed to Birmingham.
Mabel tutored her two sons, and J. R. R. (or Ronald, as he was known in
the family) was a keen pupil. She taught him a great deal of botany, and
she awakened in her son the enjoyment of the look and feel of plants. But his
favourite lessons were those concerning languages, and his mother taught him
the rudiments of Latin very early. She also taught him how to write, and
her ornate script influenced her son's handwriting in his later life.
Mabel Tolkien converted to Roman Catholicism in 1900 despite vehement
protests by her Baptist family who then stopped all financial assistance to
her. She died of acute complications of diabetes in 1904 (at about 34 years of
age, about as long as a person with diabetes mellitus type 1 could live with no
treatment – insulin would not be discovered until two decades later), when
Tolkien was twelve, at Fern Cottage in Rednal, which they were then renting.
For the rest of his life Tolkien felt that she had become a martyr for her
faith, which had a profound effect on his own Catholic beliefs.
Edith Mary Tolkien, born Bratt (21 January 1889 – 29 November 1971) was
the wife of J. R. R. Tolkien. She served as the inspiration for his fictional character
Lúthien Tinúviel, an Elven princess and the most beautiful of all the Children
of Ilúvatar (the name of God in Tolkien's fiction).
Bratt first met Tolkien in 1908, when they lived in the same boarding
house. Both were orphans. The two fell in love, despite Bratt being Tolkien's
senior by three years. Before the end of 1909 the relationship became known to
Tolkien's guardian, Father Francis Xavier Morgan, who forbade Tolkien to see
Bratt until he was twenty-one. With one exception, Tolkien obeyed this
instruction to the letter while Father Morgan's guardianship lasted. They were
married in 1916.
The couple are buried side by side in Wolvercote Cemetery, Oxford; below
the names on their grave are the names Beren and Lúthien: in Tolkien's legendarium,
Lúthien and the Man Beren were lovers separated for a time by Lúthien's father
Christopher John Reuel Tolkien (born 21 November 1924) is the youngest
son of J. R. R. and Edith Tolkien. He is best known as his father's literary
executor; he is the editor of much of his father's posthumously published work.
The Legend of Sigurd and Gudrún (2009) is the latest example of his editorial
He followed in his father's footsteps, becoming a lecturer and tutor in
English Language at New College, Oxford from 1964 to 1975.
In 2001, he received some attention for his stance on New Line Cinema's
The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, directed by Peter Jackson. It was reported
that he had had a falling out with his son Simon over the appropriateness of a
film adaptation. Responding to these reports, he said he felt The Lord of
the Rings was "peculiarly unsuitable for transformation into visual
dramatic form". However, this was just his opinion, he stressed; he said
he did not disapprove of the movies, definitely not "to the point of
thinking ill" of those with whom he might disagree.
Christopher Tolkien has been married twice. He currently lives in France
with his second wife, Baillie Tolkien.
Baillie Tolkien, born Klass (born 1941) is the second wife of
She was born in Winnipeg, Canada. She has been married to Christopher
Tolkien since 1967. They have 2 children, Adam Reuel Tolkien, born 1969, and
Rachel Clare Reuel Tolkien, born 1971.
She is the editor of J. R. R. Tolkien's Letters from Father Christmas
(formerly titled The Father Christmas Letters), and she was previously J. R. R.
She sits on the board of the Tolkien Company.
John Francis Reuel Tolkien (1917–2003) was the eldest son of J. R. R.
Tolkien. He was born in Oxford in 1917. Between 1957 to 1987 Father John
Francis Tolkien lived in Stoke-on-Trent. He was formerly chaplain to the
University College of North Staffordshire, which later became Keele University.
He was also chaplain at St Joseph’s College, Trent Vale, and St Dominic’s High
School, Hartshill. He was parish priest at Knutton Roman Catholic Church from
1957 to 1966. He then became priest-in-charge at the Church of Our Lady of the
Angels and St Peter in Chains, Stoke. He was chairman of governors at Bishop
Right School, chaplain to the North Staffordshire Catholic Teachers Association
and area chaplain to the Young Christian Students. Father Tolkien also served
in parishes in Oxford, Birmingham, and Warwickshire.
Michael George Reuel Tolkien (born 1943) is a British poet. He is the
grandson of J. R. R. Tolkien, being the eldest son of Michael H. R. Tolkien.
Michael Tolkien was educated at The Oratory School in Oxford and then
Ampleforth College. He studied English and Classics at St Andrews University
and later a BPhil at Oxford. He taught as Head of English at Uppingham School
until 1992. He has several volumes of published poetry including “Taking Cover”,
“Outstripping Gravity” and “Reaching for a Stranger.” He is published by
Redbeck Press. Michael Tolkien has two daughters, Catherine, born in 1969 and
Ruth, born in 1982. He is married to the artist Rosemary Walters. He
sits on the board of the Tolkien Company.
Simon Mario Reuel Tolkien (born 1959) is a British barrister and
novelist. He is the grandson of J. R. R. Tolkien. He is the eldest son of
Christopher Tolkien, by the latter's first wife, Faith Faulconbridge. Simon
Tolkien was educated at the Dragon School in Oxford and then Downside School.
He studied modern history at Trinity College, Oxford. Since 1994, he has been a
barrister in London, where he lives with his wife and their two children. His
first novel, The Stepmother, was published in 2003 (paperback available from
Penguin Books Ltd).
Royd Allan Reuel Tolkien, born Baker in 1969 Kent, is the son of Hugh
Baker and Michael Tolkien's daughter Joan; thus he is the great-grandson of
J.R.R. Tolkien. He grew up on a farm in Halkyn, where members from the Tolkien
Society would annually meet, during which time they would reenact scenes from
his great-grandfather's works with other Tolkien enthusiasts. He prefers to
use his mother's surname Tolkien. At the request of Peter Jackson, he
played a Gondorian ranger passing arms out to other rangers as they prepare to
defend Osgiliath in The Return of the King, the final film in Jackson's film
adaptation of his great-grandfather's works. Royd Tolkien works as a
film producer and literary agent. Notable films produced by him include
Pimp, wherein he also plays himself.
Timothy Tolkien (born October 1962) is the great-nephew of J. R. R.
Tolkien. He is a sculptor who has designed several monumental sculptures,
including the award-winning Sentinel.
His paternal grandfather, Hilary Arthur Reuel Tolkien, was the fantasy
author's younger brother.
Tim Tolkien has a public art and metal sculpture business at Cradley
Heath, West Midlands. He is also a bass player and member of the band
Klangstorm, founded in 1996.
Priscilla Mary Reuel Tolkien
(Prisca to her father) was born in 1929 in Oxford, and provided Edith and
Tolkien with a greatly longed-for daughter.
She studied for her degree in Lady Margaret Hall,
and then after that, in 1955, she accompanied Tolkien on a tour around Italy,
visiting Venice and Assisi. After that, she started living on the other side of
the city from her parents, but still saw them frequently. She worked both as a
probation officer and a social worker in Oxford.
She took a particular interest in her father’s art,
writing an article entitled “My Father the Artist” for ‘Amon Hen’, the bulletin
of The Tolkien Society, and contributing an article in a similar vein to a yet
unpublished volume of reminiscences about Tolkien.
Priscilla, in an understated way, has come to
represent Tolkien to many fans, especially in the UK. She attends the Tolkien
Society’s Oxonmoots each year, is their Honorary Vice-President, and hosts a
reception for the fans. This year, she launched the Royal Mail’s Tolkien stamp
edition. And, together with her brother John, she created the Tolkien Family
Album – a book full of photographs and reminiscences about the family. In 1992,
she travelled to Bloemfontein where she unveiled a plaque commemorating the
100th anniversary of Tolkien’s birth at the Anglican Cathedral, and she since
visited South Africa two more times.
She is a patron of the Find Your Feet charity, and
lives in Oxford.
See website councilofelrond