Details about ORIGINAL AND RARE SIEGE OF GIBRALTAR MEDAL 1779-1783See original listing
“Uncleaned,lightly toned,very fine condition.See pictures.”
02 Feb, 2014 17:53:18 GMT
£7.00 Standard Int'l Postage | See details
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Norwich, United Kingdom
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An item that has been previously used. See the seller’s listing for full details and description of any imperfections. See all condition definitions- opens in a new window or tab
|Seller notes:||“Uncleaned,lightly toned,very fine condition.See pictures.”|
|Type:||Medals & Ribbons||Service:||Army|
|Era:||1751-1815||Country/ Organization:||Great Britain|
|Conflict:||Siege of Gibraltar||Issued/ Not-Issued:||Issued|
This is a rare opportunity, to obtain a scarce original example, of a Siege of Gibraltar Medal. Presented by General George Augustus Eliott Governor of Gibraltar to his loyal Hanoverian troops for their part in the Siege of Gibraltar, 1779-1783. The reverse is inscribed "BRUDERSCHAFT" which is German for "brotherhood" above a wreath containing the names of three Hanoverian commanders and General Elliot. The obverse shows a view of the island of Gibraltar with "PER TOT DISCRIMINA RERUM" above "XIII SEP./MDCCLXXXII". The medal was designed by L.Pingo
I have photographed the medal next to a pound coin to show some scale. At 49mm and 45g (1.6 oz) you get a lovely, large, heavy, solid silver, medal. Please view the photo's and make your own assesment of the condition and bear in mind this medal is 231 years old! They were issued unnamed and without suspension,(although various suspensions and ribbons are found), presumably soon after the siege and exclusively to Eliott’s Hanoverian contingent of three battalions.
I bought this rare medal, some time ago, from a German collector who informed me that he believed there were around a thousand issued,(does anyone know the exact figure ?) which is plausible when taking into account how large the force was at the beginning of their service in Gibraltar. How many are still on the market today 231 years later is of course unknown. As this medal was issued to German soldiers in the service of the British it is highly sought after by British and German collectors alike. As far as I know this medal has never been offered on the British market.
This is a private sale,however I guarantee this item is original and from the period stated.Please only bid if you intend to buy. Free postage UK,Worldwide £7.00 . If you have a question please ask.
The Great Siege of Gibraltar was an unsuccessful attempt by Spain and France to capture Gibraltar from the British during the American War of Independence. This was the largest action fought during the war in terms of numbers, particularly the Grand Assault of 18 September 1782. At three years and seven months, it is the longest ever siege endured by the British Armed Forces.
It soon became clear in 1775 that Britain did not have enough troops to calm the colonial rebellion in America. So the English parliament approached George III, who was also king of Hanover, and they requested the use of Hanoverian troops. He agreed and wrote to Field Marshal von Spoercken to release five battalions. These would be paid by the English, but were only to be available for use in Europe, and would be subject to their own rules, justice and religion. The idea was that they could release British garrison troops for the Americas. Two battalions were sent to the island of Minorca, then British, and three to Gibraltar.The 1. Bataillon von Reden.The 1. Bataillon von Hardenberg, later known as von Sydow and the
General Eliott was appointed Governor of Gibraltar, 25 May 1777, succeeding Robert Boyd, the acting Governor. He oversaw a number of improvements to the defences of Gibraltar because of the likelihood of war with Spain. In July 1779, Gibraltar was besieged by the French and Spanish. By August, it was very apparent that the Spanish intended to starve the garrison. On 13 September 1782, the French and Spanish initiated a grand attack, involving 100,000 men, 48 ships and 450 cannon. Under great duress, the Garrison held his position and, by 1783, the siege was finishing. On 8 January 1783, the British Parliament sent their official thanks to Gen Eliott and he was nominated a Knight of the Bath. By 6 February 1783, the siege was over. It was over a year before the Hanoverian brigade could return home, but in August 1784 they embarked and in September they were back in the river Weser at Geestendorf (Bremerhaven). They were met by Major Genreral von Busse and one by one after 9 years of service on the island of Gibraltar discharged from English service. They marched to their respective garrisons at Nienburg, Verden and Hameln, where they were received as heroes.
The five British battalions also present at the Siege of Gibraltar went home without a medal and why this accolade was not given to any of the British forces present is a mystery to me. Perhaps a keen collector,researcher,and historian out there can solve the mystery ?
As an aside, the three Hanoverian Regiments were granted the battle honour "Gibraltar". Their successors in the German Army still carried this into World War 1 as a cuff title and on their pickelhaube helmet plate’s.
If I have awakened your interest to read more about this epic piece of British and German military history I thoughroughly recommend the following links :