But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret; and thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly.
-- Matthew 6:6 Translations; King James Version (KJV)
1708, London (Book, entirely in English). V. Scarce.
Illustrated with Engraved Copper plate.
Very rare 6th Ed. & 1st Thus... "Very Much augmented and Improv'd". And: "Wherein is added a POSTSCRIPT to the whole, by the Author's own hand. Now firft [first] Printed."
Enter into Thy Closet [...]. An important and oft-cited work on Protestantism in Reformation Britain (among other topics).
2 works in one. Complete. Thick: 450+pp (leaves are about Fine).
Fully bound in its period full-leather Cambridge style, also w/hubbed (4 raised bands) spine, etc.
Interesting 1802 handwritten literary and religious provenance (1803; Henry White... a friend and confidant of Samuel Johnson, particularly according to Boswell (See below)).
Anonymous; but by... Edward Wetenhall (1636–1713) [attributed to], an English bishop of the Church of Ireland. Author's first published work; he was Bishop of Kilmore from 1699 to his death. He published many works of practical divinity, including the much-reprinted auctioned work (here in a very early and very rare edition, and a 1st thus (see below)).
Book in Older style English, w/F for S, etc.
Enter into Thy Closet [...].
All details follow...
Enter into thy closet: or, A method and order for private devotion and the Appendix to it, Concerning the Frequent Ufe [Use] of the Lord's Supper, Reviewed.
London: Printed for R. Chiswell, and sold by T. Childe, at the White Hart in St. Paul's Church-yard [London].
About the author: Edward Wetenhall (1636–1713) was an English bishop of the Church of Ireland. This was his first published work (1866; here in a 1st thus, 1708; augmented and improved, with new material never before published).
He was born at Lichfield on 7 October 1636. Educated at Westminster School under Richard Busby, he was admitted king's scholar in 1651, and went to Trinity College, Cambridge, as a foundation scholar. After graduating B.A. 1659–60, he migrated (1660) to Lincoln College, Oxford, of which he became chaplain, was incorporated B.A. 18 June, and graduated M.A. 10 July 1661.[...] As one of the seven bishops who remained in Ireland during the troubles which began in 1688, he was exposed to much ill-usage at the hands of the partisans of James II. He was probably the author of an anonymous tract ‘The Case of the Irish Protestants in relation to … Allegiance to … King William and Queen Mary,’ 1691 (27 October 1690). Against William Penn he wrote a couple of pamphlets (1698–9). He was present (but not on the bench) at the trial (14 June 1703) in Dublin of Thomas Emlyn the unitarian, and subsequently paid friendly visits to him in prison. In 1710 he drew up a memorial to James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, the lord lieutenant, urging the need of providing ‘books of religion’ in the Irish language, in accordance with the ideas of John Richardson, D.D. (1664–1747), a clergyman in his diocese.His later years were spent in London, where he died on 12 November 1713; he was buried on 18 November in the south transept of Westminster Abbey, where there is an inscribed gravestone to his memory. In his will he affirms the church of England and Ireland to be ‘the purest church in the world,’ though ‘there are divers points which might be altered for the better’ in ‘articles, liturgy, and discipline, but especially in the conditions of clerical communion.
- With signature of "Henry White, Close Litchfield, June 27, 1802," to front pastedown.
- White was a prominent English clergyman, a “most learned man” of the old cathedral city of Litchfield in Strattfordshire; and friend and confidant of Samuel Johnson [i.e., Gentleman’s Magazine, Vol 8 1836, p 105]. According to his famous biographer Boswell, Johnson [Dr. Johnson's name, incidentally, is referenced in an unknown 18th century hand, on the back of the title page, auctioned work] formed a very close relationship with White and talked with him “with great freedom.” In his early days he [White] was the friend of Miss Seward, of Greene the virtuoso, &c. He was noticed by Dr. Johnson in his latter visits to his native city, and is mentioned by Boswell, under the year 1781, as "a young clergyman, with whom he (Dr. Johnson) now formed an intimacy, so as to talk to him with great freedom." Mr. White collected a large and valuable library, chiefly remarkable for books of prints, which was dispersed a few years [early 19th century] ago by auction; see, e.g.,. Catalogue of the curious and valuable library of the Rev. Henry White, of Lichfield : consisting of a rare assemblage of works ... : the collection is peculiarly rich in books ornamented with engravings; also some fine specimens of the early English and foreign typographers. Author: J W Southgate; Henry J B Clements Publisher: [London] : J.W. Southgate, ... from which the auctioned work comes.
- With stamp of New Brunswick Theological Seminary (founded more than 225 years ago – the first seminary established in North America) on first title page and front pastedown (along with its library).
ASIDE... Of the "S" that looks like an "F"
In the old Anglo-Saxon alphabet, from which the English alphabet is derived, the small "s: was written in two forms: one is the "long s" that resembles our modern letter "f" (but note, it does not have the center bar), which is used when the "s" is the first letter of the word, or the first of a pair of "s's"; the other is the familiar shaped "s" which appears at the end of words. This usage is cognate to the two forms of "s" in the Greek alphabet. English printer John Bell first phased out the use of the long "s" in his books at the end of the 1700's, and by 1810 or so the new practice was universal in printed material. Interestingly, though, the use of the old long "s" continued in handwritten documents for many years, through the 1870's.
Add'l Details: (including book condition and description):
Very Rare 1st Thus (see above). 1708. Printed for R. Chiswell, and sold by T. Childe, at the White Hart in St. Paul's Church-yard [London]. 1708. Pagination: 328; . Prelims include... "An Admonition to the reader" in LARGER TYPE (12pp); Table of Contents; Bookseller note, etc.; 2nd work has its own title page; and the work follows with a Table of Contents, and publisher adverts, etc. THICK: Together, approx. 450+pp, in total. Top edge brown. Size: approx 4" x 6 1/2". 8vo (8°). Fully bound period calf... Cambridge binding (contrasting paneled boards done w/acid or dyes, corners stamps, here floral. etc.). Four raised bands and so 5 compartments (spine labels absent). Book in Older style English, w/F for S, etc. Illustrated with: Copper plate frontis (as shown) plate. Textblock is about FINE. Hinges very tender (along w/backstrip, see below). Shelf-wear and rubbing to boards corners, sides. Moderate wear to back-strip, which also exhibits split down center suggesting book had split (and shows w/older repair). Triangular patch of leather absent lower front corner (and smaller, upper rear corner). Textblock approaches FINE (tanned, a few stray marks, else both works are Fine). Provenance notes and stamps as above and pictured. Title *is* square; straight; bright; etc.; textblock is very clean; complete; etc.
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