Details about Set of 3 "Hawking" (Falconry) H/C - after Francis Calcraft Turner - 18" x 24"See original listing
“Good clean condition.”
18 Jun, 2014 19:01:55 BST
[ 0 bids ]
Lowestoft, Suffolk, United Kingdom
|Seller notes:||“Good clean condition.”|
A Set of Three
Created from the original works of Francis Calcraft Turner (1782-1846)
Dedicated to His Grace William Aubrey de Vere Beauclerk, Duke of St Albans (Hereditary Grand Falconer of England)
Originally produced by L. W. Laird. Leadenhall Street, London 1839
This edition is early to mid 20th century
This item comprises the portrait as described above in good condition for its age.
Overall Size:- 18" x 24" including the margins.
Image Size:- 14" x 19" approx (To the printer's plate mark)
About the Subject....
This set of three hawking scenes comprises:-
1. "The Departure"
2. "The Rendezvous"
3. "The Fatal Stoop"
NB: All in first class condition and will frame exceptionally well.
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Hawking - Falconry
Falconry is the hunting of wild quarry in its natural state and habitat by means of a trained bird of prey.
There are two traditional terms used to describe a person involved in falconry: a falconer flies a falcon; an austringer (German origin) flies a hawk (Accipiter and some buteos and similar) or an eagle (Aquila or similar). In modern falconry the Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) and the Harris hawk are often used. The words "hawking" and "hawker" have become used so much to mean petty traveling traders, that the terms "falconer" and "falconry" now apply to all use of trained birds of prey to catch game.
In early English falconry literature, the word "falcon" referred to a female falcon only, while the word "hawk" or "hawke" referred to a female hawk.
A male hawk or falcon was referred to as a "tiercel" (sometimes spelled "tercel") as it was roughly one third less than the female in size. Many contemporary practitioners still use these words in their original meaning. The practice of hunting with a conditioned falconry bird is also called "hawking" or "game-hawking".
Evidence suggests that the art of falconry may have begun in Mesopotamia, with the earliest accounts dating to approximately 2,000 BC.
There are also some raptor representations in the northern Altai, western Mongolia. The falcon was a symbolic bird of ancient Mongol tribes. There is some disagreement about whether such early accounts document the practice of falconry (from The Epic of Gilgamesh and others) or are misinterpreted depictions of humans with birds of prey. During the Turkic Period of Central Asia (A.D. 7th century). concrete figures of falconer on horseback were described on the rocks in Kyrgyz. Falconry was probably introduced to Europe around AD 400, when the Huns and Alans invaded from the East.
Frederick II of Hohenstaufen (1194–1250) is generally acknowledged as the most significant wellspring of traditional falconry knowledge.
He is believed to have obtained firsthand knowledge of Arabic falconry during wars in the region (between June 1228 – June 1229). He obtained a copy of Moamyn's manual on falconry and had it translated into Latin by Theodore of Antioch. Frederick II himself made corrections to the translation in 1241 resulting in De Scientia Venandi per Aves. King Frederick II is most recognized for his falconry treatise, De arte venandi cum avibus ("The Art of Hunting with Birds"). Written himself toward the end of his life, it is widely accepted as the first comprehensive book of falconry, but also notable in its contributions to ornithology and zoology.
De arte venandi cum avibus incorporated a diversity of scholarly traditions from both east and west.
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