Bolton Wanderers v West Ham United: 1923 The First Wembley F.A Cup Final Coin/Stamp Display Set
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The new Wembley stadium was built to hold the British Empire Exhibition in 1924, the building of the stadium was completed in April 1923 and it was decided to hold that year’s FA Cup Final between Bolton Wanderers and West Ham United at the new venue. From that year the Cup Final was held at Wembley every year for over seventy years until the stadium was closed, demolished and rebuilt in 2006.
The display set contains six coins, namely: halfcrown, florin, shilling, sixpence (all struck in 50% silver), halfpenny and farthing (the threepence and penny were not issued dated 1923) plus the official British 1924 commemorative set of two postage stamps, penny and three halfpenny, issued for the Wembley British Empire Exhibition.
The coins are in Fine (or better) condition and the stamps are in unused Mint condition.
The item is housed in a display protection case. The set can be removed from the case for framing if so desired.
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The FA Cup Final
Empire Stadium, Wembley
Saturday 20 April 1923
Bolton Wanderers 2-0 West Ham United
Goals: Jack, JR Smith
The first Final at the new stadium at Wembley, played on 28 April 1923, was marked by disorderly scenes unparalleled in the history of the game. Before the match a crowd of 100,000 outside the stadium rushed the gates, burst the barriers and swarmed onto the field of play. In all about 200,000 people - a record football crowd - squeezed into a space supposed to accommodate 127,000.
The stadium had been completed in 300 working days at a cost of £750,000. The workmen had made use of 25,000 tons of concrete, 1500 tons of steel and half a million rivets.
But for the anger of the mob of 200,000 people, and the presence of King George V in the Royal Box, the match would probably been called off. Although it took three-quarters of an hour after the time fixed for the start of the match for mounted police to clear the pitch, it was virtually impossible to observe the rules of the game. When a player took a corner kick, for example, the crowd were so close up to the touchline that he could not take his run until policemen had forced people away from the corner of the field.
Bolton won the match 2-0 and took the Cup for the first time, after two previous appearances in the Final. The first Wembley goal came only two minutes after the delayed start, and David Jack, Bolton's inside-right, was the scorer.
Jack later played in three more finals, one for Bolton and two for Arsenal. He was also the first player for whom a transfer fee of £10,000 was paid. It is said that, while he was shooting into the West Ham net in the 1923 Final, one of the West Ham defenders, Tresadern, was struggling to get back on to the pitch after finding himself the wrong side of part of the crowd on the touch-line.
When half-time came, neither side left the field, and eight minutes after the interval Bolton scored a second. JR Smith, Bolton's centre-forward and the only Scotsman in the match, took a beautiful pass from Vizard on his left and shot home past a perplexed Hufton. The ball rebounded into play so swiftly that few had realised he had scored.
Bolton Wanderers: Pym; Haworth, Finney; Nuttall, Seddon, Jennings; Butler, Jack, JR Smith, J Smith, Vizard
West Ham United: Hufton; Henderson, Young; Bishop, Kay, Tresadem; Richards, Brown, V Watson, Moore, Ruffell
Referee: DH Asson (West Bromwich)
· Wembley Stadium was constructed as the centrepiece of the British Empire Exhibition.
· Over £100,000 was donated to the appeal fund by the city of Glasgow.
· The original Wembley Stadium was built on a base of 25,000 tons of concrete to create foundations and the outside walls.
· 900 tons of steel girders supported the stands and terraces of the original Wembley Stadium.
· Wembley Stadium has 37 concrete arches spanning 50 feet in diameter.
· Apparently one of the narrow-gauge trains used to transport materials in and out of the site is buried under the arena.
· Wembley Stadium took one year to build, and work was completed on 23 April 1923, just three days before the first FA Cup Final at the ground.
· The stand and terraces were safety-tested by the dead-weight of sandbags and the synchronised sitting and standing of 1,200 men.
· The first live radio broadcast by a British sovereign was made from Wembley Stadium when King George V opened the British Empire Exhibition.
· England's first defeat at the venue came in 1928 when they lost 5-1 to the Scotland team who became known as the Wembley Wizards.
· The 1927 FA Cup Final between Arsenal and Cardiff City witnessed two firsts. The Bluebirds took the Cup out of England for the first and only time with a 1-0
victory, and the occasion produced the first rendition of the hymn Abide With Me.
· The first greyhound meeting at Wembley Stadium took place on 10 December 1927.
· France earned a 2-2 draw in England's first international against foreign opponents at Wembley in 1945.
· State-of-the-art greyhound photo-finish equipment was installed at Wembley Stadium in 1947.
· Tottenham completed the century's first League and Cup Double at Wembley in 1961 when they beat Leicester City 2-0.
· AC Milan beat Benfica 2-1 in Wembley's first European Cup Final in 1963.
· West Ham win Wembley's first European Cup Winners Cup Final 2-1 against Munich 1860 in 1965.
· In 1970 a Wembley FA Cup Final was drawn for the first time when Chelsea and Leeds shared four goals.
· Benfica are the only team to have lost two European Cup Finals at Wembley Stadium.
· Liverpool have won most trophies at Wembley with 17 in total from four different competitions.
· The FA Cup Final between Tottenham Hotspur and Manchester City in 1981 was the first to be replayed at the venue.
The year that was 1923...
• In Egypt, King Faud is installed as a constitutional monarch by the British • As the Ottoman empire is dismantled, the League of Nations grants Britain a mandate over Palestine, Jordan and Iraq, while France is granted a mandate over Syria • On 20 May, British prime minister Andrew Bonar Law resigns due to ill health. Stanley Baldwin takes over as Conservative prime minister • On 2 August, the 57-year-old US president Warren Harding dies suddenly and is succeeded by the vice president Calvin Coolidge • On 8-9 November, Adolf Hitler, hoping to imitate Mussolini's 1922 March on Rome, leads an unsuccessful attempt to seize power in Munich. He is imprisoned • The value of the German Mark plummets to a rate of 4.2 million to the US dollar • The zip is invented • Viennese composer Arnold Schoenberg completes his Serenade, the first piece of music to use the atonal 12-note serialism, a new, controversial method of composition • American composer George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue is first performed in New York • American film-maker Cecil B De Mille makes his first version of the epic The Ten Commandments • American blues singer Bessie Smith makes her first record •
• Football League Champions were Liverpool, the Reds leaving Sunderland and Huddersfield Town in the second and third spots • Bolton Wanderers defeated West Ham United 2-0 in the first FA Cup Final to be played at Wembley • The Grand National winning horse was ‘Sergeant Murphy’ • The Cheltenham Gold Cup was first run in 1924 • The Epsom Derby winning horse was ‘Papyrus’ • Golf's British Open was won by Arthur Havers • Oxford won the Boat Race by four ¾ lengths over Cambridge • The Wimbledon tennis singles tournament saw victories for William Johnston of USA (mens) and Suzanne Lenglen of France (ladies) • American Sport – The first Super Bowl did not take place until 1967 – The first NBA Championship did not take place until 1947 – Major League Baseball World Series: New York Yankees 4-2 New York Giants •
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