Erysimum cheiri “Fire King”
English Wallflower. (also spelt “cherii”)
Pack containing 1 gram
Average contents 600 seeds
Tender Perennial, usually grown as a Biennial.
Flowers: Orange-Scarlet in early spring through summer
Fragrance: Strong and sweet
Height: 40-45cm (15-18in)
Spread: 10-15cm (4-6in)
Soil type: Average to dry
Position: Full sun
Erysimum (formerly Cheiranthus) cheiri ‘Fire King' is another old and tried variety, with striking, flame-like, glowing orange-scarlet flowers,
A compact variety with a bushy habit which is a perfect foil for daffodils and many other spring bulbs.
English cottage plant gives fragrant clusters of blooms from mid-spring
and throughout summer. They are especially valuable because they bloom
in the period between primroses and summer annuals. Ideal for borders
and edging, they could also be used in large containers.
a rich fragrance that is most pronounced on a sunny day, they will
supply the household with an abundance of cut flowers for many weeks. Extremely easy to grow and very rewarding, no flower is more delightful in early spring.
Wallflowers, which along with similarly fragrant stocks, are called giroflées
in French (literally, "clove-scented"), are widely grown as winter
bedding plants and are found self-sown through many cottage gardens and
their walls. That's where they get their English name of "wallflower":
they love the sharp drainage of a little pocket of gritty soil in a
a hint on how to grow wallflowers: give them excellent drainage,
especially if you have clay soil. Mix some coarse sand and compost into
the planting area. And give them full sun; wallflowers aren't meant for
prefer temperatures of 21*C (70*F) days and 10*C (50*F) nights and can
flower in moderate heat at a maximum temperature of 27*C (80*F).
require 70 to 80 days to flower from sowing and will start flowering
when they are 10cm (4”) tall. Start in pots or sow direct in mid August.
Sowing: Sow in late summer to early winter for spring flowering
or late winter to early spring for autumn flowering
Starting in Pots:
sow in pots or containers containing good quality seed compost (John
Innes or similar) Cover with a fine thin layer of compost or
The compost should be kept moist but not wet at all times. Seed germinate in seven to 10 days at 20*C (68*F).
out each seedling as it becomes large enough to handle, transplant into
7.5cm (3in) pots. Gradually acclimatise to outdoor conditions for
10-15days before planting out after all risk of frost.
Seeds may also be sown outdoors directly where they are to flower or in a reserve bed in a sheltered position. Prick out to 15cm (6in) apart and transplant in October.
wallflowers prolongs their bloom, but let some of them go to seed. They
are often generous self-sowers, or you can gather the seed and resow it
parts of the plant are poisonous. specially the seeds. Plant contains
Cheirotoxin that has similar but lesser toxic effects as Digitalis
Plant in rock gardens, containers, beds, and borders.
are pleasant by paths and doorsteps. Wallflowers will bloom all winter
in a cool room in sunlight. They make good cut flowers, too.
look great interplanted with tulips, especially the lily-flowered types
whose elegant forms contrast nicely with the mounded flower heads of
it interesting that the cabbage family gives us some of our most
fragrant florals, including not only wallflowers, but also garden
stocks and the wonderful night-scented stock! While the vegetable
branch of the family is rather smelly and malodorous, due to the high
sulphur content of their leaves, the members grown for their flowers
couldn't smell more bewitching. One of the innumerable mysteries of the