Erysimum cheiri “Giant Pink”
English Wallflower, (“cheiri” is also spelt “cherii”)
Pack containing 1 gram
Average contents 600 seeds
Tender Perennial, usually grown as a Biennial.
Flowers: Rich Dark Pink early spring through summer
Fragrance: Strong and sweet
Height: 40-45cm (16-18in)
Spread: 10-15cm (4-6in)
Soil type: Average to dry
Position: Full sun
This old English cottage plant is making a comeback, Erysimum (formerly Cheiranthus) cheiri ‘Giant Pink' gives fragrant clusters of rich dark pink blooms from mid-spring and throughout summer,
are especially valuable because they bloom in the period between
primroses and summer annuals and a perfect foil for daffodils and many
other spring bulbs.
a delicate fragrance that is most pronounced on a sunny day, they will
supply the household with an abundance of cut flowers for many weeks.
Ideal for borders and edging, they could also be used in large
containers….and of course, walls!
Extremely easy to grow and very rewarding, no flower is more delightful in early spring.
Wallflowers, which along with similarly fragrant stocks, are called giroflées
in French (literally, "clove-scented"), are widely grown as winter
bedding plants and are found self-sown through many cottage gardens and
their walls. That's where they get their English name of "wallflower":
they love the sharp drainage of a little pocket of gritty soil in a
a hint on how to grow wallflowers: give them excellent drainage,
especially if you have clay soil. Mix some coarse sand and compost into
the planting area. And give them full sun; wallflowers aren't meant for
prefer temperatures of 21*C (70*F) days and 10*C (50*F) nights and can
flower in moderate heat at a maximum temperature of 27*C (80*F).
require 70 to 80 days to flower from sowing and will start flowering
when they are 10cm (4”) tall. Start in pots or sow direct in mid August.
Sowing: Sow in late summer to early winter for spring flowering
or late winter to early spring for autumn flowering
Starting in Pots:
sow in pots or containers containing good quality seed compost (John
Innes or similar) Cover with a fine thin layer of compost or
The compost should be kept moist but not wet at all times. Seed germinate in seven to 10 days at 20*C (68*F).
out each seedling as it becomes large enough to handle, transplant into
7.5cm (3in) pots. Gradually acclimatise to outdoor conditions for
10-15days before planting out after all risk of frost.
Seeds may also be sown outdoors directly where they are to flower or in a reserve bed in a sheltered position. Prick out to 15cm (6in) apart and transplant in October.
wallflowers prolongs their bloom, but let some of them go to seed. They
are often generous self-sowers, or you can gather the seed and resow it
parts of the plant are poisonous. specially the seeds. Plant contains
Cheirotoxin that has similar but lesser toxic effects as Digitalis
in rock gardens, containers, beds, and borders. They are pleasant by
paths and doorsteps. They make good cut flowers, too. Bees and
butterflies love them, a good addition to Wildlife and Habitat type
Wallflowers look great interplanted with tulips, especially
the lily-flowered types whose elegant forms contrast nicely with the
mounded flower heads of the wallflowers.
There are basically two types of wall flower, ‘Siberian’ and ‘English’.
Siberian types have flowers that are always orange or yellow-orange,
with the English types having purples, whites and pinks as in the
picture above. Both make good garden plants.
have a long history. The heavily scented biennial flower was commonly
carried as a nosegay to smother the stench of Elizabethan streets. And
the name cheiranthus is thought to derive from the Greek for hand
(cheir) and flower (anthos), indicating their use as a floral version
of the pomander.
John Gerard, writing in 1596, said that "the
wallflower groweth on bricke and stone walls, in the corners of
churches, as also among rubbish and other such stony places everywhere",
alluding to how the plant got its common name, as well as its love of
good drainage and sun. Many varieties have been around for at least a
century and some bear the prefix Bedder, an indication of their wide
use in Victorian planting schemes.