Bamboo is the largest member of the grass family and is classified as a flowering perennial evergreen plant. One of the fastest growing plants in the world, bamboo can grow 91cm in one 24 hour period.
Bamboo has a number of uses, but is most commonly used as a building material due to its compressive strength.
How bamboo plants grow
During the Spring, bamboo plants produce new canes which emerge from the ground and can grow for up to 60 days.
The plant will grow new limbs and leaves until the growth period is over. It will take approximately three years for the bamboo plant to become fully established.
The canes will not grow in height again after the 60 days, but it will produce new foliage year on year. A typical bamboo cane will last for up to ten years.
Growing and maintaining bamboo plants
- Spacing - Bamboo plants should always be placed three to five feet apart to produce a dense screen of bamboo. They tend to grow better foliage when they are spaced out
- Sunlight - Always position your bamboo plants where they will get a large amount of sunlight. Bamboo plants need at least five hours of direct sunlight a day
- Nutrients - When planting your bamboo, it is important to work compost or manure into the soil. The organic material and the nutrients are vital for the optimal growth of the bamboo
- Winter protection - Bamboo plants can be planted at any time of the year in mild climates. They should always be planted early enough to fully establish themselves before the winter months. It is important to cover the ground when the harsher weather conditions set in
- Control - Bamboo plants should always be controlled as they can spread uncontrollably. It is recommended that you prune the bamboo roots annually to prevent this from happening