The main difference between a baritone and a euphonium is the size. A baritone is a cylindrical bore, which gives a brighter sound, whereas a euphonium is a conical bore, giving a mellower sound. The technique and range of these instruments are identical, making it easy for musicians to switch between the two.
A baritone is usually tuned in B, and music can be written in the bass clef or the treble clef. The sound of a baritone is somewhere between a trombone and a euphonium, a mixture of bright and mellow.
The baritone can be played in a number of different musical ensembles, including:
● Brass bands
● Concert bands
● Modern orchestras
Models of Baritone Horn
Compensating and Non-Compensating
- Compensating baritones have extra tubing
- Gives better pitch and intonation in low registers
- Well suited for professionals
- Easier to support when standing and moving
- Bell is front facing rather than upward facing
There are many manufacturers of brass instruments, and the most popular for baritones are:
These manufacturers make baritones for different abilities at varied prices. Usually the lowest in price is student models. These models are usually smaller and non-compensating, which is why they are the most affordable.
Intermediate baritones are slightly larger and are compensating models to progress players to the next level. Most of these models are silver-plated to improve the sound.
Professional models are much more developed, with excellent craftsmanship and are also silver-plated. They are the most expensive models due to these factors.
There are many accessories you can buy for baritone horns, including:
- Hard cases
- Soft cases
- Valve oil