A fern is a type of vascular plant that reproduces using spores, as they don’t produce seeds or flowers. They have stems and leaves that branch out, but most ferns also have fiddleheads which expand into fronds.
Most ferns like areas of evenly moist soil that is watered regularly. Ferns can be attractive additions to both your garden and your home.
Caring for your indoor ferns
If you care for your fern properly, it will last a long time.
- Light - Make sure that your fern is positioned by a window where it can get plenty of light during the morning or the evening. However, ferns must not be subject to direct sunlight, as this can turn their fronds yellow and make them lose their leaves
- Compost - Indoor ferns need compost that is free draining to prevent the roots from getting waterlogged. It is best to use compost that contain peat or plenty of sand. You must never let the compost completely dry out, as this can kill the fern
- Fertiliser - Fern plants should be fed liquid fertiliser every two to four weeks to keep them healthy. They should not be fed during the winter months, as this is the time when they rest
- Temperature - Ferns tend not to like cold temperatures, as they thrive naturally in tropical climates. They should not experience temperatures lower than 10C
Caring for your outdoor ferns
- Water - Be sure to water your ferns during very dry periods when the soil loses its richness
- Divide - When ferns thrive, they can often become too large for the area in which they are growing. It is best to divide the ferns during the spring and plant the excess ferns elsewhere
- Shade - The majority of ferns thrive in well or partly shaded areas, where the soil rarely dries up