Water plants, also referred to as aquatic plants, are adapted to live in either saltwater or freshwater conditions. They are specially adapted to live either submerged in the water or on the water’s surface.
Water plants are usually best suited to water features. They are a brilliant way of enhancing your water feature and encouraging new wildlife into your garden or outdoor space.
Choosing the right water plant
Water plants have many functions aside from providing beautiful flowers and foliage, so it is important to choose the right plant for your garden.
- Underwater plants - These are commonly used in ponds, as they grow completely submerged and the growth will more than likely reach the surface. Underwater plants are a brilliant way of removing nutrients from the water
- Shallow water plants - Typically used in ponds, these plants like to be placed in shallow areas as they require the sun to grow in height. Most shallow water plants will survive in all climates, but will only survive in limited areas
- Floating plants - These are simply plants that float freely without being restricted to a specific area. They can be very beneficial to a pond because their handing roots pull a large amount of nutrients from the water, reducing the growth of algae
Caring for you water plants
- Sunlight - The majority of water plants need at least five hours of direct sunlight for optimum growth
- Planting - It is recommended that you plant your water plants in fabric pond pots or plastic containers with no holes. This will make maintaining your water plants a lot easier in the future
- Soil - Using the wrong type of soil can cause a lot of problems for your water plants, particularly potting soil. Only use soil that is approved for the use with aquatic plants for optimum growth.