This overview explores the use of black people, either through coercion or enticement, in the armed forces of predominantly white societies in times of crisis when the supply of white soldiers was exhausted or when whites refused to fill the ranks of a wartime army.
William E. Alt (Col. Ret. USAF) is a member of the Air Force Association and the Retired Officers Association, and is a past president and current member of the Colorado State Soil Conservation Board. Betty L. Alt is a lecturer in sociology at the University of Southern Colorado. Her publications include Uncle Sam's Brides (1990), Campfollowing (1991), Weeping Violins (1996), Slaughter in Cell House 3 (1997) and Wicked Women (2001).