This typological overview compares the degree to which different languages have means to give expression to modality (possibility, necessity) without lexical and direct inflectional means.
Werner Abraham held the Chair of German Philology and Mediaeval Literature at the University of Groningen for 30 years, before he retired. He was appointed Honorary Professor in the Department of General Linguistics at the University of Vienna and presently teaches German(ic) linguistics at the University of Munich. Elisabeth Leiss holds the Chair of German Linguistics at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Germany. She is Head of the BA/MA Studies in Speech and Language Therapy at the University of Munich. Her main focus is on all aspects of categorization in language and mind.