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382 black & white illustrations, 23 black & white tables
4th Revised edition
Table Of Contents
Environmental Chemistry and the Five Spheres of the Environment What Is Environmental Chemistry? Environmental Relationships in Environmental Chemistry Environmental Spheres and Biogeochemical Cycles Earth's Natural Capital Environmental Chemistry and Green Chemistry As We Enter into the Anthropocene Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Fundamentals of Biochemistry and Toxicological Chemistry Life Chemical Processes Biochemistry and the Cell Carbohydrates Proteins Lipids: Fats, Oils, and Hormones Nucleic Acids Enzymes Biochemical Processes in Metabolism Toxic Substances, Toxicology, and Toxicological Chemistry Toxicological Chemistry Kinetic Phase of Xenobiotic Metabolism Dynamic Phase of Toxicant Action Mutagenesis and Carcinogenesis Developmental Effects and Teratogenesis Toxic Effects on the Immune System Damage to the Endocrine System Health Hazards of Toxic Substances Structure-Activity Relationships in Toxicological Chemistry Toxicological Chemistry and Ecotoxicology Toxic Agents That May Be Used in Terrorist Attacks Questions and Problems Supplementary References Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry of the Hydrosphere H2O: Simple Formula, Remarkable Molecule Hydrosphere Occurrence of Water Water Supply and Availability Life and Its Influence on Environmental Chemistry in the Hydrosphere Environmental Chemistry of the Hydrosphere Acid-Base Phenomena in the Hydrosphere Solubility and Phase Interactions Oxidation-Reduction Metal Ions in Water Complexation and Speciation of Metals Toxicological Chemistry in the Hydrosphere Chemical Interactions with Organisms in the Hydrosphere Biodegradation in the Hydrosphere Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Pollution of the Hydrosphere Nature and Types of Water Pollutants Elemental Pollutants Heavy Metals Metalloids Organically Bound Metals Inorganic Species as Water Pollutants Algal Nutrients and Eutrophication Acidity, Alkalinity, and Salinity Oxygen, Oxidants, and Reductants Organic Pollutants Pesticides in Water Polychlorinated Biphenyls Emerging Water Pollutants, Pharmaceuticals, and Household Wastes Radionuclides in the Aquatic Environment Toxicological Chemistry and Water Pollution Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Sustaining the Hydrosphere More Important than Oil Greening of Water: Purification before and after Use Municipal Water Treatment Treatment of Water for Industrial Use Wastewater Treatment Removal of Solids Removal of Calcium and Other Metals Removal of Dissolved Organics Removal of Dissolved Inorganics Membrane Processes and Reverse Osmosis for Water Purification Water Disinfection Restoration of Wastewater Quality Natural Water Purification Processes Sludges and Residues from Water Treatment Water, the Greenest Substance on Earth: Reuse and Recycling Water Conservation Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry of the Atmosphere Atmosphere: Air to Breathe and Much More Regions of the Atmosphere Atmospheric Composition Natural Capital of the Atmosphere Energy and Mass Transfer in the Atmosphere Meteorology, Weather, and Climate Atmospheric Inversions and Atmospheric Chemical Phenomena Climate, Microclimate, and Microatmosphere Atmospheric Chemistry and Photochemical Reactions Atmospheric Oxygen Atmospheric Nitrogen Atmospheric Water Atmospheric Particles Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Pollution of the Atmosphere Pollution of the Atmosphere and Air Quality Pollutant Particles in the Atmosphere Inorganic Gas Pollutants Nitrogen Oxide Air Pollutants Sulfur Dioxide Air Pollution Acid-Base Reactions in the Atmosphere and Acid Rain Organic Air Pollutants Photochemical Smog Chlorofluorocarbons and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion Indoor Air Pollution and the Microatmosphere Questions and Problems Literature Cited Supplementary References Sustaining the Atmosphere: Blue Skies for
Stanley E. Manahan is a professor emeritus of chemistry at the University of Missouri-Columbia, where he has been on the faculty since 1965. He earned his AB in chemistry from Emporia State University in Kansas in 1960 and his Ph.D. in analytical chemistry from the University of Kansas in 1965. Since 1968, his primary research and professional activities have been in environmental chemistry, with recent emphasis on hazardous waste treatment. His latest research involves the gasification of wastes and sewage sludge and crop by-product biomass for energy production. Dr. Manahan has taught courses on environmental chemistry, hazardous wastes, toxicological chemistry, and analytical chemistry and has lectured on these topics throughout the United States as an American Chemical Society Local Sections tour speaker and in a number of countries, including France, Italy, Austria, Japan, Mexico, and Venezuela. He has written books on environmental chemistry, green chemistry, water chemistry, energy, general chemistry, environmental geology, the Anthropocene, climate change, environmental science, hazardous wastes and industrial ecology, toxicological chemistry, applied chemistry, and quantitative chemical analysis. Dr. Manahan is the author or coauthor of approximately 90 research articles.