Preface. Part I: General Theory. 1. Evolutionary systems. 2. Mathematical models of development. 3. Investigation of equations. 4. Investigation of optimization problems. Part II: Optimal Numerical Methods. 5. Solutions of Volterra equations with pre-assigned accuracy. 6. Reduction to Volterra type equations. 7. Some complements. Part III: Introduction to Applications. 8. Reconstruction of economy control (by academician Glushkov). 9. MM of the neo-sphere (by academician Vernadsky). 10. Modeling of foreign currency conversion problems. 11. New technique for simulation of organism subsystems. 12. Modeling of the immune network. 13. MM of HIV, HIV population, and AIDS. 14. More applications of MM of development. Summary. List of abbreviations. List of notations. Subject index. About the author.