Rene Daumal (1908-44) was one of the most original thinkers of the twentieth century. A follower of the teachings of G.I. Gurdjieff, he was also a poet, philosopher, and scholar of religion and Sanksrit. In his late-teens his avant-garde poetry was published in leading journals, and barely in his twenties, as a counter to Surrealism and Dadaism, he founded a literary journal Le Grand Jeu. He wrote many essays on religion and philosophy, trained himself in Oriental languages, and engaged in drug experiments to test the limits of the consciousness of the mind, which probably precipitated his death from tuberculosis at age 35. and received the Jacques Doucet prize for his first volume of poetry Le Contre-Ciel. Mount Analogue was first published posthumously, in 1952.