Art Pepper (1925?1982) was an American alto saxophonist and clarinetist. He was born in Gardena, California and raised in nearby San Pedro. He began playing the clarinet at age 9, and by 15 was performing in Lee Young's band at the Club Alabam, the home of jazz in prewar Los Angeles. He began his career in the 1940s, playing with Benny Carter and Stan Kenton. Some of his most famous albums are Art Pepper Meets the Rhythm Section, Art Pepper + Eleven - Modern Jazz Classics, Gettin' Together, and Smack Up. In 1952 he placed second only to Charlie Parker in the Down Beat jazz poll.