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This work analyzes the operational challenges that the war economy posed, and continues to pose, for policymakers and practitioners in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The authors first trace the historical role of natural resource exploitation in shaping economic development in Zaire.
Karen Ballentine, senior associate at the International Peace Academy, directs the IPA's Economic Agenda's in Civil Wars Program. Her recent publications include The Political Economy of Armed Conflict: Beyond Greed and Grievance. Michael Nest is a consultant, focusing on political and social issues related to the extraction of natural resources.
Emizet Francois Kisangani, Francois Grignon, Michael Nest